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Wfje 3Ufcrarj> 


©mbersiitp of iSortl) Carolina 

Collection of Jlortfj Carolintana 




This book must not 
be taken from the 
Library building. 





rr- 4FAN<B-ITS-60CZJVTy--S£aT.—4, 










and its County Seat, 


Author '.Child's History of North Carolina, North 
Carolina History Stories, Whigs and Tories, etc. 

Countr Printing Companr. 

tOarntsuillt. .11 <C. 



As this is the centennial year of Haywood County and of Way- 
nesville, its county seat, it is fitting that the history, resources, 
and material development of the county be presented in some 
permanent form for the information of our own people as well as 
those who know us not. 

To furnish such information is the purpose of this publication. 
The history of the county, the town, and settlements within its 
borders, are given with the impartiality, so far as we are able, of 
the historian. The present resources, as known, and the business 
interests, including the mercantile, banking, manufacturing, lum- 
bering, and agricultural, are shown in their true light. 

"While due attention is given to the material interests of the 
county, its ethical and professional side is not neglected. The 
educational and religious institutions and organizations are given 
the prominence they deserve. 

In a few words, Haywood County in the past and present,. 
comprehending every interest, material, professional, and ethical 
is set forth the hope that a worthy county and state pride will 
be maintained and cherished by our people, and that greater efforts 
will be made in the future to set Haywood in the forefront of 
the progressive counties of the State. 

The book is for general distribution. An edition of three thou- 
sand copies is issued. It should find its way into every home in 
the county and be read by hundreds and thousands in other- 
localities. As a souvenir of the centennial year it should be 
highly prized by the best citizens and placed in their libraries 
for frequent reference. 

The thanks of the author are due Colonel W. W. Stringfield for 
the matter contained in the chapter on "Haywood County in 
War," to Capt. W, II. Hargrove for much valuable information 
about Pigeon and Beaverdam townships, and to many others who 
have aided by their sympathy and interest. 

With the hope thai the book may find its way into the 
homes of the people of the county, for whom it is written, the 
publishers now send it forth upon its mission. 


To the people of Haywood County, loyal in peace, 
patriotic in war, industrious and law abiding, a citizen- 
ship that is progressive in all which tends to build up, 
conservative in all which would modify or change moral 
or political conditions, this work is dedicated. 



Situation and Topography. 

Situated among the tallest peaks of the Balsam mountains 
and bordering Tennessee on the west, Haywood County is in 
one of the fairest and most beautiful sections of North Carolina. 
In 1808, when it was organized, the county extended from the 
western spurs of the Blue Ridge on the east to the crest of the 
Great Smokies on the west, and embraced within its boundaries 
some of the finest stretches of mountain lands and much of the 
most beautiful natural scenery to be found east of the Yellowstone 
National Park or the canons of the far famed Colorado Valley. 
Within its present limits are some of the loftiest mountain peaks and 
many of the most beautiful valleys in North Carolina. 

Next to Mount Mitchell in Yancey, the tallest peaks are found 
in Haywood. Richland Bald and the Great Divide on the border of 
Haywood and Jackson Counties are, in height, just a little below 
Mitchell's peak. Clingman's Dome, in the extrenje western corner 
of the county, was for a long time thought to be higher than 
Mitchell. It is, however, a little lower. Plott Balsam, Jones' Knob. 
Crabtree Bald, Lickstone Bald, and dozens of others that could be 
mentioned rear their heads into the clouds and stand as giants 
among their fellows. 

Lookout Mountain near Chattanooga, Tenn., is a pygmy in com- 
parison with Junaluska, Pinnacle, Beatty, Rocky Knob and fifty 
other peaks in the county that are named among the mountain* 

of average height. Blount Washington in New Hampshire, Long 
mentioned in the geographies as the tallest peak cast of the Bookies, 
is not so high as the Greal Divide and only about fifty feet higher 
than Plotl Balsam. The Catskills and the Adirondack*, of New 
York, though somewhat more famous, cannot compare in height with 
the hundred or more peaks in Haywood County. 

In mountain scenery, therefore, it will be Been that there is 
no lack in beauty or grandeur. All this section of North Carolina 
may be appropriately called the Switzerland of America, and in the 
not distant future our mountain peaks and gorges may become as 
famous as those of the Alps, or the Highlands of Scotland. 

Not only in mountains and cliffs is Haywood County remarks bl 
Sonic of the most beautiful valleys to be found in America are within 
her borders. The Pigeon River, as it winds its course among the 
verdant hills as if seeking an exit from its pent u\) condition, trav- 
erses the county and empties into the French Broad near the 

Tennessee line. It forms as beautiful a valley as can be found in 
North Carolina. Richland ('reek, with its rippling, laughing waters, 
runs through a thickly settled portion of the county and finds it-; 
way into the Pigeon before the latter loses itself in the Froneli 
Broad. Jonathan's Creek, a meandering mountain torrent, rises 
among the peaks and winds through a beautiful valley with lofty 
mountains on either side and widens into the Pigeon and increases 
the volume of the latter. Fines Creek, one of Haywood's no- : : ' 
water ways. Hows through a valley remarkable for its fertility and 
beauty. Upon its banks abide a people prosperous and contented. 
The cast ami west fork's of the Pigeon drain a section floted for its 
rich lands and thrifty people, as well as for its beautiful and varied 
scenery. Crabtree and Beaverdam Creeks How through picturesque 
valleys in two of the well known and most populous sections of the 

Besides those already mentioned other smaller water ways 
beautify portions oi the county. The Raccoon, Hemphill, Allen. 
Panther ami others of less note, with lovely valleys, sparkle with 

limpid waters a> they hurry toward the sea, sometimes leaping and 
dashing down the mountain side, in cases les and resplendent water- 
falls and again eddying and rollicking as their currents sally onward 
in apparent delight. 

In these mountain siiv;i!.':> there is an abundance of trout, which 
■•an be caught by the angler of skill and experience. For these 
finny inhabitants many disciples of rzaak Walton wade tin- sti 
with rod and bait, and not a few succeed in excelling the famous 


fisherman in their catch. In sonic of the streams there are also other 
kinds of fish in great abundance. 

As a rule one does not expect to find fertile soil among the 
hills, but in the valleys of Haywood County and even on the moun- 
tains the soil is rich and very productive. Crops of great value are 
annually grown and the "cattle on a thousand hills" can literally 
be seen in Haywood. 

Falls of Richland 


Early Settlements. 

h, the Legislature of 1808, General Love, whose borne was near 
where the "Brown" house now stands back of the McAfee Cottage 
m Waynesville and who was that year representative Erom Bun- 
combe County in the General Assembly, introduced a bill baving 
for its purpose to organize a county out of that portion of Buncombe 
west of its present western and south-western boundary and extend- 
ing to the Tennessee Line, including all the territory in the present 
counties of Haywood, Macon, Jackson, Swain. Graham, Oaj and 
Cherokee. The bill met witb Eavor, was passed, ratified and became 

a law. 

The bill erecting the county was introduced at the session 
beginning November 21, L808 and ending December 23, same year, 

and reads as follows: 

"Whereas, the inhabitants in the west part of Buncombe County 
are very inconvenienl to the Court-house in said county, which 
renders 'the attendance of jurors and witnesses very burthensome and 
expensive, and almost impossible in the winter season: For remedy 


1. Be it enacted, etc., That all that part of the County oi 
Buncombe, to-wit: beginning where Hie Southern boundary line 
of this State crosses the bighesl pari of the ridge dividing the 
the French Broad from those of the Tucky Siege River, 
,!„.,, along the said rid-- to the ridge dividing tin- waters of 
Pigeon and the French Broad River, then with said ridge to the 

i Mount Pisgah, thence a direct, line to the mouth of the 

iir'st branch emptying into Hominy Creek on the north side above 
Belieu's, thence with said branch to the Bource and thence 

.,!,„,. ^e top of the ridge, dividing the waters of French Broad 
nn( | those of Pigeon Kiver, to the northern boundary of this 

State, and wiih the stale Ime t., the line which shall divide this 
state from the Slate of Georgia, and with that line to the beginning 

shall be and is hereby erected into a separate and distinct county, 
by the name of Haywood, in honor of the present treasurer of the 

2. And be it further enacted, That all justices of the peace 
being within the bounds of the said county of Haywood, shall 
exercise the same authority as they have heretofore done in the 
County of Buncombe; and the justices heretofore to be appointed in 
the usual manner, and when qualified agreeable to law, shall hold 
ar.d exercise all the power and authority, and be subject to the same 
penalties that justices of the peace of the several counties in this 
Scate are subject to, or have a right to enjoy. 

3. And be it further enacted, That John Stephenson. John 
Montgomery, William Deaver, John Dobson, Hugh Davidson, Holly- 
man Battle and John Bryson be, and they are hereby appointed com- 
missioners for fixing on a proper and convenient place at or near 
the centre of said county, whereon to erect the public buildings; 
the duties of which appointment they, or a majority of them, are 
requested to execute as soon as possible after the passing of this act ; 
but until a court-house shall be erected, or some convenient place 
fixed on by the commissioners aforesaid, the court of pleas and 
quarter sessions for the said county of Haywood shall be held at 
Mount Prospect. 

4. And be it further enacted. That Felix "Walker, John Me- 
Farland. and Thomas Lenoir be. and they are hereby appointed, 
commissioners for the purpose of erecting the public buildings for 
the said county of Haywood, at such place as may be fixed en for 
that purpose ; and they, or a majority of them, after giving bend 
with approved security to the court of said county for the faithful 
performance of the duties required of them by this act shall have 
full power and authority to sue for and recover all moneys that 
may or ought to be collected for the purpose of defraying the 
expenses of the public buildings aforesaid, and to compel the per- 
formance of any contract that may be entered into respecting the 
same, and in order to defray the expenses of the public buildings 
intended to be made by virtue of this act. 

5. Be it enacted, That a tax of three shillings on every poll, 
and a tax. of one shilling on every hundred acres of land in the 
saiel county of Haywood, shall be levied and collected for the 
year one thousand eight hundred anel nine, by the sheriff or collector 
of public taxes; and the same shall be accounted for to the said 
commissioners herein last mentioned, or a majority of them, under 
the same restrictions and regulations as sheriffs are subject to in 

eolleetin* public taxes. Provided, that nothing herein contained 

shall be construed to prevent the sheriff of th >u..ty of Buncombe 

,■,,,„, collecting all arrears of taxes or moneys which he ought to 
colled in the same manner as if tins acl had never been passed. 

6 \nd be it further enacted, That the justices ot the Raid 
, uuntv ftf Haywood shall hold the court of pleas and quarter-sessions 
f,„- said county at the place aforesaid, and therein shall exercise 
,11 the powers ami authorities that are usual and customary, and 
ahall appoint all their accessary officers for the same as required 
by law in th, same manner as is exercised by the justices of the 
Beveral counties within this State, any law to th, contrary notwith- 

standing. g . _. . . . M 

T \ml be it further enacted, That the Superior ( our} oi law 
and eour1 of equity of Buncombe county, shall have jurisdiction 
and cognizanee in and over the said county of Haywood, in as full 
and Rmple a manEer as the said eourts have in and over the said 
C0U ntv of Buncombe; and in all causes, both civil and criminal, is 
the said county of Haywood, may be tried in th, said courts, in 
the same manner as if th, same eauses had arisen in the .-unity of 
Buncombe; and offenders may he recognized or committed to the 
jai] of Buncombe county, in the same man. .or as if the offences had 
been committed ... the county of Buncombe; and all appeals from 
the Superior Court of Buncombe, under the same rules which govern 
other counties; and th, said county of Haywood shall 
send twelve .jurors to th, Superior Court of Buncombe, to be eh - -n 

Road to Eagles NTest 


in the same manner and under the same rules as jurors are chosen 
in the several counties in this State to attend the Superior Courts, 
and the county of Buncombe shall choose eighteen jurors instead of 
thirty as heretofore." 

This act was ratified on the 23rd of December, 1808, and Hay- 
wood became a county in the closing days of that year and has 
proved herself to be a Christmas gift of real merit to the State of 

North Carolina. 

Previous to that time, however, Haywood County had a history 
but no name. Bold pioneers and Indian fighters from beyond 
the Blue Ridge had penetrated the fastnesses of the Balsams and 
made settlements on the Pigeon River, Hemphill and Jonathan's 
Creek. It is not known how early those settlements were made. 
In the office of the Register of Deeds of Burke County, which county 
included the territory of Haywood before Buncombe was organized 
are to be seen copies of grants of land to settlers on the above named 
stfeams of water dated soon after the Revolutionary war. Perhaps 
!!he first effort at home building in the present limits of Haywood 
was made by David Nelson, who, as a bound boy, to Jonathan 
McPeters for whom Jonathan's Creek was named came from Burke 
County with his master about the spring of 1785 and planted and 
raised a crop of corn at the "gardens" on Pigeon River near where 
Canton now stands. It is doubtful as to whether the crop was 
successful, for McPeters returned to Burke County that year and 
never came back. David Nelson, however, when he became of 
age. married and returned to this section and built a home on 
Jonathan's Creek at a point just below the mouth of the creek now 
known as Hemphill. 

In the office of the Register of Deeds of Buncombe Count j 
found eopies «»!' grants dating back some years before 1791, the date 
of the formation of that county. There is one of special interest 
which conveys a tract of three hundred acres from the custody 
of the State to Thomas Hemphill and James McDowell. This tract 
was on the creeks since named Jonathan and Hemphill, the former 
in honor of Jonathan McPeters and the latter of Thomas Hemphill. 
This land was bought, at the time, for less than fifty cents an acre. 

Other grants had been made, previous to the one just mentioned, 
to John and Charles McDowell, and bear the signature of Governor 
Alexander Martin, dated at Newbern which was then the capital 
)f the State. These grants were recorded first in Burke County, 
'ater in Buncombe, and still later in Haywood. From the records 

1 1 

seems i" be do d 
been planted on 

ulit thai quite 
Jonathan and 

of in 

ite was to Lewis Smith in 
y Ridge on Richland < !reek. 

and other evidence al hand, there 
a colon} of thrift; Bettlera had 
Hemphill ( Ireeks as early afi 1790. 

Another granl thai is wrorthy 
1 792 and was Located al i be point of 
Colonel Roberl Love, a veteran of the Revolution and formerly of 
Virginia, obtained Beveral grants, one particularly thai is mentioned 
at the mouth of Richland Creek, and occupied them aboul the same 

Two men of considerable means, Joseph Dobson and John 
Strother of Burke County, secured many grants on Richland Creek 

aboul the beginning of the nineteenth century and Later r nveyed 

most of it to Bettlera who began now to come in considerable 
numbers. Marl in Buff was already Living on Richland at the time of 
the date of these grants. Gabriel Ragsdale and Joseph Henry 
obtained grants as early as 1796 and located on the east fork of 
Raccoon and Richland Creeks. A little later, in 1803, Jonathan 
Osborne and John Howell made entries of several tracts on Richland 
Creek and Pigeon River. In 1808 John and James Welch obtained 

farms on Allen's Creek, as did Adam Killian. Thomas St. Clair, and 
William Bryan. William RleConnell had secured grants yeara 
before on the wesl fori; of Richland and was Living upon them. 

Among the first settlers on Pigeon River were John Davidson 
and James Chambers, who secured large '-'-rants from the State, some 
years RrvoIuI ion. James Chambers was 

A Mountain Read 


living upon his grant previous to 1790, for according to the best 
information obtainable he died during the year. David Allison also 
purchased lands on Pigeon River in 1796, as did Robert Martin in 
1798. John Gouch bought large tracts in the same locality before 
the beginning of the nineteenth century. These settlements were 
near where Canton now stands. John Penland, Jacob Shook, 
Spencer Rice and David Mehaffey c-ame from Burke and settled on 
Pigeon near where Clyde now stands. Nathaniel Alman also owned 
considerable tracts in the same neighborhood. John Penland 's 
farm was located on "Crystal" Creek which flows into the Pigeon. 
An important settlement was made in Dutch Cove on Pigeon 
River above Beaverdam Creek in 1796 by Christian Sergeant Messer, 
father of "fred" Messer, who died in 1907 at the ripe age of 117 
years. The boy ''Fed" was five years old at the time his father 
moved from Burke County to Dutch Cove and remembered passing 
through Asheville in 1796 and being bitten by a dog there. It is 
probable that some people were living in that localtiy before Mr. 
^lesser came. 

Higher up the river, on the East and West fork, settlements were 
made some years later than those lower down. Among those who 
first bought land on East Fork the names of John McFarland, 
William Cathey, and Elijah Deaver, who moved there previous to 
1808, are found. On West Fork a considerable population had 
already become established before 1808. Robert Reed and John 
Penland made entries of land about the beginning of the nineteenth 
century. Other settlers moved in and soon the Bethel section became 
one of the most populous and progressive in the county. 

On Crabtree and Fines Creek flourishing settlements were made 
'before the beginning of the nineteenth century. Among the 
earliest settlers there were David McDowell, David Seroggs, G ■-■ rge 
Jrawford. Colvay Jackson, and Joseph MeCracken. These men 
- .-cured important grants on Crabtree Creek and built upon .them 
everal years before the close of the eighteenth century. That part 
of the county thus being opened up attracted families from beyond 
the mountains, and soon Crabtree became noted for its thrift and 

About the time of the settlements on Crabtree some bold hunt sra 
/voiii what is now Caldwell County pushed across the mountains 
r.nd shot deer, bears, and turkeys and fought the Indians on Panther 
end Twelve Mile Creek. There also they established temporary 
homes and went back for their families. Among these men the 
rames ol David Uussell, Hughey Rogers, and John Kay appear 


Russell Becurcd Large grants on Twelve Mile Creek in l7!tti. Rogers 
also opened ap Large boundaries in the same Locality abort the 
same time. John Penland, who had bought Lands on Pigeon a few 
years before, also obtained grants on Twelve Mile Creek. John 
Ray, « \ (.-I!- < r • wo before the settlements on ih;ii creek, runic from 
Wilkes ( '.unity and oceupied a Large granl on Panther Creek. These 

four men. ;it one time, owned most of the Land QOW included iii 

Fines Creek township. Twelve Mile Creek is the one now calleJ 

Fines Creel-;. 

Falls of Pigeon 


Location of the County Seat. 

Early in the nineteenth century the various settlements meL. 
tijned in th.; preceding cJiapter began to assume considerable im- 
portance. The settlers began to build homes with the idea of a 
permanent occupancy, and the hastily constructed hunter's head- 
quarters began to take on the air of a homestead. Immigrants from 
Burke. Lincoln, Rutherford, Rimeombf ;-. id other counties beyond 
the mountains and even from South Carolina and Georgia began 
to move in on account of the exceeding health fulness of the climate 
and the amazing beauty of the scenery. Soon thriving communities 
had sprung up on lower Pigeon, upper Pigeon, Crabtree, and Fines 
Creek, and upper and lower Jonathan. 

On Richland Creek, about the year 1800, the neucleus of n 
village had been formed on the beautiful ridge between its limpid 
waters and those of Raccoon Creek. The ridge is less than a mile 
wide and attracted settlers on account of the picturesque mountains 
on either side and the delightfulness of the climate. At that early 
time a considerable population was already there. Several men, who 
were well known in the State and who afterwards became prominent 
in public affairs, had built homes upon that nature favored spot 
and were living there. Such men as General Thomas Love, Colonel 
Robort Love, Colonel William Allen, .John Welch, and others 
of Revolutionary fame were leaders in that community. Without 
changing his residence General Thomas Love was a member of 
the State Legislature, with two or three years intermission, from 1707 
to 1828, for nine years as a member from Buncombe County and 
tli" remainder of the time from Haywood. Most of the time he wa- 
in the house of Commons but for six years he was also in tt 
Senate. Colonel Robert Love served three years in the Senat 

from Buncombe County, from 1793 t<> 1795. William Allen and 
.John \\'clr!i were veterans of the Revolution and men of consider- 
able influence in that community. 

For Beveral years previous to 1808 the question of ;t new 
county had been agitated, particularly by those who had to travel 
through 'i'l winter snows to Asheville to attend court. Nothing 
I*, came oi these agitations until in thai year a memorial 
from li«' inhabitants of the western district of Buncombe to the 
Legislature resulted in the passage of the bill establishing the new 
county nf Haywood with the limits and boundaries designated 
in the measure. 

As .-.!•• udy state l. that law was ratified on D imber 23, 1808, bu1 

it did ool become operative uniil early in the year 1809. On the 
fourth jJonday in March of thai year the justices of the peace in 
the lerritorj defined by the ad erecting the county me1 al Mount 
Prospect in the first court of pleas and quarter sessions ever held 
in :h, limits of Haywood County. The following justices were pres- 
ent al that meeting: Thomas Love, John Fergus, John Dobson, 
Robert Phillips, Abraham Eaton, Hugh Davidson. Hollim'an Battle, 
.1 ,|,,i McFarland, Phillip T. Burfobt, William Deayer, Archibald 
McHenry, and Benjamin Odell. 

Thtso men had the formation of the county lipon t h « ■ i r hands. 
They Lad m'el at .Mount Prosped in obedience to the law. but there 
,, N i„, court-house aqr any machinery of a county government. 
They had to build an organization out of apparent Champs. With the 
same determination that they had used in felling tin- forests and 
in fighting the Indians these hardy and intelligent frontiersmen Bet 
about their task. 

One of the first things the court thus constituted did was to 
elect officers for the new county. There were several candidates 
tor the different positions, but after several ballots were taken the 
following were declared duly elected: Clerk of the Court. Robert 
Love; Sheriff, William Allen: Register of Deeds, Phillip T. Burfootj 
Constable of the County, Samuel Hollingsworth'; Entry Taker. 
Thomas St. Clair; Treasurer. Robert Phillips: Stray Master. Adam 
Killian; Comptroller. Abraham Eaton; Coroner. Nathan Thompson; 
Solicitor. Archibald Ruffin; Standard Keeper, David McFarland. 

Thus offieered the county of Eaywood began its eareer. The 

officers entered ,-it one,- ii|hhi their respective duties, and tin iinty 

became ;i reality. The first entry in the register's booh bears date 
of March 29th, 1809, Bigned by Philip T. Burfoot, and the first in 

the Clerk's book is the same date hv Robert Love. 



Until the courl house and jail could be buill the county officials 
me1 at private residences .-it Mount Prospecl and prisoners were 
carried i,. jail in Asheville. Such proceedings were inconvenienl 
and the commissioners appointed by the Legislature, therefore, made 
baste to locate and ereel the public buildings. It was expected thai 
they would be ready to make their reporl to the courl of pleas and 
quarter sessions as to the Location of the county seat at the March 
cession, Lnstead, however, they a l< I al thai Bession to be in- 
dulged until the June term, and thai requesl was granted. 

«>n Monday, June l'mIi. 1809 the couii me1 a1 the home of John. 
Howell. The old record names the following justices as being 
present: Thomas Love, Philip Burfoot, Hugh Davidson, John Mc- 
K.-nland. Abraham Eaton. John Dobson, William Deaver, Archibald 
McHenry, and John Fergus. At this meeting the commissioners, 
named in tin rc1 of the Legislature erecting the county, made their 
report, in which they declared that it was unanimously agreed t<» 
Locate the public buildings &oniev* here on the ridge I. .'tween Richland 
and Kaqcoon Creeks at or near the poinl then called Mount Prospect. 
As the c ►mmissioners were clothed with lull power it. acl it required 
tic v..te of the justices, bul it is more than probable that the report 
was cheerfully endorsed by a majority of the justices present. 

At this June term of the Court, the first for the trial of causes, 
ihe following composed the grand jury: John Welch, foreman, 
William Welch. John Fullbright, John Robinson, Edward Sharteer, 
Isaac Wilkins, Elijah Beaver, David McFarland, William Burns, 
.Joseph Chambers, Thomas St. Clair, John Shook. William Cathey 
Jacob Shook, ami John St. Clair, John Shook, William Cathey 
the following grand juror-; for the next term of the Superior Court 
that was to he held in Asheville in September: Eolliman Battle, 
Hugh Davidson, Abraham Eaton, Thomas Lenoir, William Deaver. 
John McFarland, John McClure, Felix Walker, Jacob .McFarland, 
Roberl Love. Edward Hyatt, and Daniel Fleming. This was done 

because of the fact that no Superior Court was held in Ilayu 1 for 

SC-Vi-ral years after the formation of the county; 'hut all cases that 
were appealed from the court of pleas and quarter sessions came 
up by law in the Superior Court of Buncombe County at Asheville. 
For this court Haywood County was hound by law to send to 
AfJieville sis grand jurors and as many more as desired. 

At the June term inspectors of election, thai was to take place 
in August, were also selected. There were then two voting precincts, 
ami this election was the first ever held in the county. For the 
precinct of .Mount Prospect the following inspectors were appointed 

Tomb of Col. Love 


George Cathey, William Deaver, John Fergus, and Elugfa Davidson. 
For the precinct of Saco Benjamin Parks, Roberl Reed, and Robert 
Turner were appointed. 

In the Location of the public buildings .-it Mounl Prospect there 
was Laid ilif foundation of the presenl Little city of Waynesville. 
Tradition says and truthfully, no doubt, bhal the name was sug 
gested by Colonel Roberl Love in honor of General Anthony Wayne, 
under whom Colonel Love served in the Revolutionary war. The 
name suited the community and people, and the village soon came 
to be known by it. In the record of the court of pleas and quarter 
sessions the name of Waynesville occurs first in 1811. 

Some unexpected eoii.liiK.n prevented the immediate erection of 
the public buildings. The plans were all Laid in 1809, bul sufficient 
money from taxation as provided for in the acl establishing the 
county had not been secured by the c\\^\ of thai year. It was. there- 
lore, late iii the year 181 l before siit'lieieiit funds were in hand to be- 
gin the erection of the courthouse. During the year l>li! the work 
began and was completed by the end of the year. .Mark Column is 
said to have been the first man to dig up a stump in Laying the 
foundation for that building. On December 21st. lsp_>. the first 

court was held in this first court house. 

David W. Shook, Sr. 

ciiaitki; iv 

Haywood County Indians. 

Long before white people had eome into the mountain country 
all the land now included in Haywood County was occupied by 
the warlike Cherokees. As the western frontier of civilization, how- 
ever, approached the Indian territory, the simple Datives of the 
hills retired farther and farther into the fastnesses of the mountains. 
While tli*- Regulators were resisting Tryon .-it Alamance and the 
patriots under Caswell and Moore were bayonetting the Tories a1 
Moore's Creek Bridge, the Cherokees of whal is now Haywood 
County were smoking their pipes in peace under the shadows « > t" 
old Bald or hunting along the banks of the murmuring Pigeon and 
its tributaries. 

When, however, the tide of western immigration overflowed the 
French Broad and began to reach the fool hills of the Balsams the 
Cherokees, ever friendly as a rule to the white 'Man. gave up their 
lands and removed to the banks of the Tuckascigee, ihus surrend ir- 
ing to their white brothers all the land eastward of a line running 
uorth and south between the presenl town of Waynesville and the 
Balsam range of mountains. Throughout the period of the early 
settlement of Haywood County and until the presenl the most 
friendly relations have existed between the white people and the 
( Iherokees. 

Only one incident is given by tradition which shows that any 
hostile feeling existed at any time. It is related thai a few Indians 
from their settlemenl on tin 1 Tuckaseigee, before the close of the 
eighteenth century, went aero - the Smoky mountains into Ten- 

and Btole several horses from the tl e. A posse 

of while men followed the redskins, who c - the Pigeon on 

their way home encamped for the nighl on Richland near the 

present site of the Hardwood faetory in Waynesville. While en- 
camped for the night, their white pnrsnrers came up, fired into 
them, recaptured the horses, and began their journey back to Ten- 
nessee. The Indians, taken by surprise, scattered, but soon re- 
covered themselves and went in pursuit of the white men. At 
Twelve Mile Creek they came upon the whites encamped for the 
night. Indian fashion they made an attack, and in the fight 
which ensued one white man by the name of Fine was killed. The , 
Indians, however, were driven off. Before leaving their camp next 
morning the white men took the body of their dead comrade, broke 
a hole in the ice which covered the creek, and put him in the ice cold 
water to remain until they could return for the body. A big snow 
was on the ground at the time, and it was bitter cold. From this 
story Twelve Mile Creek came to be called Fines Creek. 

When the war of 1812 broke out the British made a big effort 
to enlist all the Indians in the United States in their service. The 
powerful tribes in the Northwest and the South readily joined 
the British and began a war of extermination upon the frontier 
settlements. Much apprehension was felt in this State lest the 
Cherokees should, by the promise of British gold, take up the 
scalping knife and set out upon the warpath. By prudence and 
tact shown by the leading men of Haywood County at that time 
such a calamity was averted. 

At one time, however, there were grave fears lest the savage 
spirit of the Cherokees would be aroused and dire disaster follow. 
Tecumseh. the great chief of the Shawnees of the middle west 
p\a head of a great confederation of Indian nations extending from 
the great lakes to the gulf, came to Haywood County in 1812 
.11..) endeavored to get the Cherokees to join his confederation and 
make war upon the whites 

From a story written concerning those times the following 
extract is taken (the story is not now in print) : 

It was one day in the summer of 1812 that the heralds of 
Tecumseh came to Cherok< e in the mountains of western North 
Carolina. They announced that the great Tecumseh was coming to 
speak to his brethren of the Balsams. 

"Chiefs of the Cherokees." said they, "the Shooting Star of the 
west will he here in two days, and lie desires ;ill good Indians to 
meel him a1 the Soco Gap." The Indians called Tecumseh " 
ing Star." 

Then there was hurrying to and fro to give Tecumseh a wel- 
come. They were not quite sure what he was coming for, but they 

wanted to hear he mighl Bay. Aboul one thousand of the 

chiefs and great warriors t al the appointed place and time and 

seated themselves on the green sward. As Tecumseh came among 
tht'iii he bowed low to them and they to him. One chief Bpoke. 

"Shooting Star," said h < •. "You are known to us. We have 
often heard of you. We are glad thai you have come to visil us. 
We have heard of whal you have done in the far wesl and wanl 
you to tell us more. " 

"My brother Cherokees," began Tecumseh, "I have' long 
wanted to see your Faces. ¥ou are of the same blood as the Shawnecs, 
my people, who live toward the big sea water. I am glad to Bee 
j < > 1 1 . " 

"You know," he wenl on, "thai the Indian race was intended 
by the Greal Spirit to be the masters of the world. The master <>. 
life himself was an Indian. He made the Indian before any others 
of thie human race. Indians sprang from the brain of the Greal 
Spirit. The English and the French were made from the breast, 
the Dutch from the feet, and the Long Knives (the Americans] 
from. the hands, of the Greal Spirit. All these inferior races he 
made white and put beyond the greal ocean. He intended for to si.i\ there, bu1 they have cine in greal crowds to take out- 
laid! from us." 

"Behold," continued he. ••What they did to the Pequots, the 
Narragansetts, the Powhatans, the Tuscaroras, and the Corees. Thej 
have put the sand upon them and they are no more. White nieii 
have biiill their castles where the Indian hunting grounds once wer ■. 
and now they are coming into your mountain glens. Soon there will 
!• • no place f< i* thr In<1 ana to hunt the deer. Cherokees, children of 
the Greal Spirit, do you not sec thai it is time for you to draw the 
tomahavt k 

In response to this direel question many chiefs and heaves 
shouted, "yes," bul the larger number remained silent. Then one 
of the younger chiefs arose and said thai the words of Tecumseh 
were the words of truth, and he was ready to follow his lead. 
Several others did likewise, hut the older ones continued to smoke 
their pipes. At length Junaluska, one of the bravesl among them. 
spoke againsl beginning a war upon the white people. 

"It has been many years," said he. '"since the Cherokees have 
drawn the tomahawk. Our I. raves have forgotten how to use the 
Bcalping knife. We have learned that it is better not to L r o to 
war againsl our white brothers. They are as numerous as the leaves 
in the forest. We have been living near them for many vears. Thes 


are friendly and do not molest the land of the Indians. I shall 
never raise my arm against them." 

Immediately several other chiefs expressed the same sentiments. 
and soon it was seen that an overwhelming majority were with the 
white men. Teeumseh had to return to his country without success 
among the Cherokees. 

In the v/ar with England that followed the Indians of Haywood 
County remained faithful to the United States government. Many 
of them enlisted in the United States army under General Andrew 
Jackson and fought against the Creek Indians of Alabama and Ten- 
nessee. Junaluska was one of these. He with a hand of faithful 
Cherokees assisted Jackson in the great hattle of Horse Shoe bend 
and succeeded in turning the tide of battle in favor of the whites. 
For that act Junaluska was rewarded by the government and 
highly praised by General Jackson. He has also a noble mountain 
not far from Waynesville named in his honor. 

In 1835 an effort was made by the United States government to 
remove the Cherokees to the Indian territory. An army was sent 
into the mountains of Haywood County to persuade or force the red- 
skins to remove to their new home that had been provided for them 
beyond the Mississippi river. General Winfield Scott, afterward 
distinguished in the Mexican Avar, was in command of the army and 
was charged with the duty of transplanting the Indian bands. He 
was very successful in persuading the Indians of Northern Georgia 
and Eastern Tennessee to consent to go to the new territory allotted 
to them. 

As soon, however, as he came into Haywood County he struck 
a different proposition. The Indians would not listen to the sugges- 
ts' 1 of their removal. They loved their native hills and would 
not give them up. They, therefore, flatly refused to be transported. 
General Scott then ordered a removal by force ; but the Indians hid 
in the mountain glens and caves. The soldiers could not find them 
and the undertaking was greatly delayed. Finally General Scott 
gave up the attempt and recommended to the government that a 
reservation for the Cherokees be secured in the mountains of 
western Northern Carolina and the tribe he allowed to dwell there. 
This recommendation was acted upon and a reservation of many 
thousand acres of land was purchased in the western part of Hay- 
wood County, and the Eastern Hand of the Cherokees were settled 
upon it, and are now living there. Since this reservation was formed 
other counties have been erected ou1 of the westernmost territory of 

lr CO 


itiea of 

Haywood, and no* this reservation is included in tl 
Jackson Swain, and Graham. 

hl the Civil War of 1861-65 the Cherokees were loyal to the 
Confederacy. Hundreds of them joined the Confederate army and 
did valianl service for the Southland. Prom the entire band only 
ten or twelve, allured bj Yankee gold, joined the Federal army, and 
those few, upon their return to the reservation, after the war closed 
were regarded as traitors to the "Nation." t\ is said thai as trait- 
ors they were slam as a warning to others. 


Haywood County in War. 

Haywood County's citizenship has always been at the front in 
times of war. From the best information obtainable it is quite 
certain that most of the earliest settlers had been in the continental 
army and fought through the entire war of Revolution, and later 
on many of them were in the war of 1812. Still later, a number of 
these veterans of two wars moved to the great and boundless west, 
where the hazardous life might be spent in fighting savage tribes of 

As best it can be learned only seven of these grand old patriots 
died and were buried within the confines of Haywood County, to- 
wit: at Waynesville. Colonel William Allen and Colonel Robert 
Love; at Canton. George Hall, James Abel, and John Messer; at 
upper Fines Creek. Hughey Rogers; a1 lower Fines Creek. Christian 
Messer. There were doubtless others, but thir names have been lost. 

All of these old soldiers were ever ready to fight for their homes. 
They came in almost daily contact with the Cherokee Indians, once 
a great and warlike tribe controlling the wilderness from the glades 
of Florida to the great lakes. While these savages were friendly 
to the settlers it was ever regarded as not a remote possibility that 
they might go upon the warpath at any time. Hence our forefathers 
had them constantly to watch while they were subduing the land. 

Most of the old citizens have heard of the three old treaty lines 
running through Haywood. Jackson. Macon, and Swain counties, 
from the Smoky .Mountains to the South Carolina line. The Indians 
claimed the line between Waynesville and the Balsams, hut the 
whites claimed the "Butler line'.' Punning on the west side of the 
Cowee Mountains. The Meiggs ami Freeman line was finally settled 
upon. That line runs in a direct course from Meiggs Mountain, one 


mile east of Clingman's Dome to a poinl al or near Caesar's Head on 
the Smith Carolina line. Thus the contention between the white set- 
tlers and the redskins was amicablj settled, and the mosl friendly 
relations between the two peoples have existed since. 

Very litt) Deeming the pari taken bj Hayv, I Count) in the of 1812 and the Mexican war can be found. Practically the 
veteran of the Revolution was also the veteran of 1812. It' he did 
ih, i go to the front in thai war it was because his services were 
not demanded. The same is true also of the Mexican war. The 

in. mi of !l;iyw I were ready and willing to go, bul the fighting was 

nil done in a Bection remote from this county and there was never 
,in\ need for the calling nut of large armies. 

In the (ivil War oi 1861-65, however, Hayw I County played 

,-i conspicuous and ;i heroic part, ;i pari thai is worthy of the admira- 
tion of everybody. During those eventful years this county had 
men in the firsl and sixth cavalry, the sixteenth, twenty-fifth, 
twenty-second, sixty-fourth, sixty-ninth, seventieth, and eightieth 
regiments of North Carolina troops. Besides this enumeration, there 
were several unattached companies of junior and senior reserves, a 
company of Bappers and miners, and aboul every man in the county 
able to shoulder ;i gun or a "peck of bran." The four volumes of 
the North Carolina roster by no means gives all the names of the 
soldiers from Haywood, nor does it mention all the deeds of daring 
even of those ineiit ioned. 

The sixteenth regimenl was the firsl t<> go out having responded 
with such alacrity to the call of Governor Ellis that the patriotic 
hearts <>f all North Carolinians glowed with pride. Company A 
of this regiment, made up of Haywood County low. after serving 
one year in the army of Lee in Virginia and Wesi Virginia and 
Leaving a Dumber of its besl men in honored graves, was transferred 
in 1862 to "Thomas's Legion," becoming Company K of that regi- 
ment, and will he ntioned with the sixty-ninth regiment. 

of the twenty-fifth regimenl too much cannol he said, hut in a 
limited work of this kind the meed of praise justly dim the noble 
men of that command can hut faintly he mentioned. .Mi. si of the 
men composing this regimenl were originally opposed to the war 
or to secession; bu1 the proclamation of Presidenl Lincoln calling 
for troops to -suppress the rebellion" destroyed the hist vesl 
brave unionism in the South, and called the Sons of Dixie to arms 
t,, defend their hearthstones and sacred altars. 

The>e mountain men are graphically described bj Judge Q S 
Ferguson in his history of this regimenl I Regimental History, Vol. -. 


page 291), from which the following is an extract: "These 
mountain men had always been accustomed to independence of 
thought and freedom of action, and having elected for their com- 
pany officers, their neighbors and companions, they had no idea of 
surrendering more of their personal liberty than should he neces- 
sary to make them effective soldiers. Obedient while on duty and 
independent off duty, this spirit to a marked degree they retained to 
the close of the war." This regiment spent the entire four years 
of the war. except a few months on the Carolina coast, in the midst 
of, and in the front ranks of. General Lee's army in Virginia. Mary- 
land, and Pennsylvania. Out of one thousand men. taken to Vir- 
ginia, over 220 were killed in battle, more than 230 died of disease. 
and 480 were wounded, a wonderful and terrible record. 

In this regiment of heroes Haywood County had two companies. 
Company C Avent out under the command of Sam C. Bryson, who 
later became major and lieutenant-colonel of the regiment. The 
familiar names of some of our best men and families are found 
upon its roster. 

Several years atler the war Colonel Bryson, a lawyer and a 
good man. moved to T< \as and became an honored citizen and judge 
there. While in this county he lived where the new Baptist church 
in Wayn3sville now stands. Following Bryson as captain wis 
Wesley N. Freeman, who had been adjutant of the regiment. He 
was a good man. He married a daughter of William Welch of 
Waynesville, and moved to Georgia after the war and became highly 
respected there until his death several years since. Next in order 
was Captain W. Pink Welch, who was Avell known personally to 
all the older inhabitants of Haywood County. Captain Welch was 
a sterling Democrat, a fine lawyer, a successful politician, and a very 
popular man every way. He was married first to Miss Sallie Cathey, 
a daughter of Colonel Joseph Cathey of Pigeon, who lived a short 
while only. He next married Miss Margaret White, of Athens, Ga., 
who with one son, John, survives. The Pink Welch camp No. 848 
in this county attests the respect of the veterans for him in the pre- 
servation of his name and deeds. 

The other officers of this company were lieutenants Stephen J. 
Shelton, Lewis J. Smith, and -Joseph R. Hawkins, all gone except. 
Shelton who is a useful and honored citizen of Waynesville. Lieu- 
tenant Shelton married Miss Mahola Conley. of Jackson County, a 
sister of that good man and splendid soldier Lieutenant Robert II. 
Conley, who was doubtless one of the last men in all the South to 
surrender, at Waynesville, May K), 1865. Mr. Shelton has been a 

,,.,, ted citizen of this count) all his life, was sheriff of the county 

Mi;11 , years, and a justice of the peace ever since be served out bis 

as sheriff. The sergeants were Thomas S. Gillett, K. H. Howell, 

I Mill- M OUCili*. a 

I | Sm i t h .1 c Curry, Prank Messer, DobsoD and Hawkins, all 
deadexcepl Mr. Messer, who losl a fool al Petersburg, Va., and stiU 

lives among us. 

Compaq F was commanded by Captain Thomas I. Lenoir, who 
wa s succeeded later bj Captain James A. Blaylock and W. 11. Har- 
grove ,,, their nun. The ftrsl lieutenants a1 diflferenl times wen 
Th a d c Hyatt and James A. Burnett, and the second lieutenants 
were James M. Cathey, Joseph '1'. Cathey, William Wright, and <:. 
s Ferguson Mos1 ol these officers all Bona of some of the besl 

fami l ie8 „, Hayw 1 C itj were promoted from the ranks, and 

were chosen by the men themselves after n ths and years ol BWeat 

blood an d fire. Thus officered, this heroic band of men marched 

oul to battle. 

-Proudly they trod, thai gallanl Southern host, 
Forth inarched they from mountain, grove, and <-u ;i st. 
Their hearts beal high, they thunder on the foe, 
\n,l like a whirlwind to the Conflict go." 
Only a few words aeed 1- Baid concerning the officers of this 
eompany Capt. Lenoir, long Bince gone from us. was <>r Revolu- 
tionary stock, and was distinguished as a brave and gaUanl soldier. 
(••n.ta'.n James Cathey, a man of greal worth and conspicuous 
bravery was killed a1 the "blow up" before Petersburg, June 30, 
1864 'Li.-uirnant Ilvatt was killed at Warn. Springs ... the same 
„ear Captain Blaylock, another good ...a., and worthy citizen, wenl 
to his grave in honor a few years ago. Captain Hargrove and Judge 
Ferguson remain with us respected and honored citizens. 

\„ x; 0D the,,- of the brave men who answered the call ol 
Dixie from Western North Carolina was the twenty-ninth regiment, 
commanded by Colonel, afterwards General, R. B. Vance who was 

o, r nature's noblemen. One company from Haywood ( ounty 

wenl ou1 with this regiment. Captain Hiram Rogers, who still lives 

an 1 .red citizen, led the brave men composing 11 to tin- seal of 

u ,„. captain Rogers is now the proud ancestor of over one hundred 
and fifty children and grand children. 

This company with Rogers and Teague as commanders had a. 
Lieutenants W. 1'.. Ferguson, Henry Plott, James P. Murray, and 
James S Henry, all now dead except W. B. Ferguson, who ,« a 

Buccessful lawyer and business man honored and res] ted by all. 

I1( ,w living ... Waynesville. Hani service was seen by tins company 

in Tennessee, Kentucky. Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. They 
left many noble comrades in unknown graves at Cumberland Gap, 
Richmond and Perryville. Ky.. Chattanooga. Franklin, Nashville. 
Corinth. Vicksburg, Ghieamauga, and Altobna. They were with 
Joseph E. Johnston as he retreated before Sherman in Georgia and 
again with that grand old soldier as he struck Sherman a deadly 
blow at Bentonville and afterwards surrendered to overwhelming 
odds at Durham, thus closing an honorable military career. 

In the thirty-ninth regiment there seems to have been no 
separate company from this county, although quite a number of 
Haywood men went out with it attached to other companies from 
other counties. 

Next comes the gallant sixty-second regiment, commanded by 
one of Haywood's favorite sons. Colonel Robert G. A. Love, who first 
donned his uniform as Lieutenant-colonel of the sixteenth regiment 
in 1861 and on account of failing health resigned his commission 
after a short service and returned to private life. Being partially 
restored in health, however. Colonel Love again threw himself into 
the breach, and. at considerable cost to himself, raised the sixty- 
second regiment, with three fine companies from this county, com- 
manded by three of the best officers furnished by Haywood County 
for the war, Asbury T. Rogers. John II. Turpin, and William J. 
Wilson, the two former now dead and Captain Wilson now a citizen 
of Texas. 

Of the first company, commanded by Rogers, only one officer 
survives. ex-sherifl: AY. 11. Leatherwood now assistant clerk of the 
court. From Turpin's company not a single officer lives to help 
tell the tale and only one non-commissioned officer out of eleven. 
namely Lorenzo D. Medford, a highly respected citizen of Iron Duff 
township. From the third company, besides Captain Wilson, lieu- 
tenant Edmond P. G. Murray alone remains. Lieutenant Murray, a 
useful and much esteemed citizen, takes a lively interest in all 
matters pertaining to the war and has assisted greatly in revising 
the roster of Haywood County troops. 

This regiment, after being baptized in blood on many hard 
fought fields was captured at Cumberland Gap and spent twenty- 
three months in prison. During thai Long confinement, starving and 
freezing for a good portion of the time, they were offered the oath 
of allegiance to the United States and with it freedom, hut they in- 
dignantly refused each time it was offered. Human history furnishes 
few examples of higher tests of loyally than this. 


lii many res] is the mosl notable of the regiments that wenl 

mil from the mountain counties was the Bixty-ninth, or better known 

as Thomas 's Legion. Onlj one corapanj IV Haywood belonged i<> 

it. This regimenl was organized bj Col< I William II. Thomas, a 

native born Haywood boy, born in 1805 and before either Macon, 
Jackson, or Cherokee became counties. < '"I I Thomas was om- 
ul' the mosi conspicuous men in this pari of North < larolina prior 
to the war. He earlj espoused the cause of the Cherokee Indians 
and reallj spent the besl pan of Ins life in their upbuilding. During 
the war all of the western counties would have been entirely overrun 
imi for his loyaltj to the South. 

Company E oi this regimenl was from Haywood County and 
officered by Captain Julius M. Welch, Lieutenants Th as J. Fer- 
guson, J. Harrison Moody, and William ( '. Brown, all living excepl 
Captain Welch, the christian hero, who was killed at Piedmont, Va . 
June 5, 1864, a1 the beginning of the celebrated "valley campaign" 
of Generals Jubal Early, Longstrect, Gordon, Rhodes, Ramseur, and 

Col. \V. W. Stringfield when 2« 


Prior to .this time, however, it should be stated, when the 
regiment was organized at Knoxville. Tenu . in the summer of 1862 
this company (E) had been transferred from the Sixteenth North 
Carolina, and with two Indian companies (A and B), Company C, 
• Johnson 'a of this county. Companies F and G. McConneU 's and 
Fisher's of Jackson, Companies II, I and K from Cherokee and 
Graham, and Company D from Tennessee, made up the famous 
"legion." Company A was at first commanded by Captain James 
W. Terrell, who later became quarter master of the regiment. lie 
was a Haywood County boy, but is now living at a ripe old age at 
Webster, X. C, a Christian gentleman of intelligence "browsing 
aiong the coast" of the great river waiting for his Master's call. 
His brother Lieutenant William S. Terrell, a sprightly young man 
then,butnow asprightly oldman of Pigeon valley, "Johnnie Hopeful" 
being his nom-de-plume. Captain Johnson of Company C, afterwards 
major of the regiment, after the war. moved to Florida, was in the 
Senate of that State for some years and esteemed as an honored 
citizen. Of the lieutenants, W. R. Trull, John H. Smathers, William 
D. Hall, and Elisha W. .Morgan, all have passed over to the other 
shore except Lieutenant Trull, who is yet an active man in one of 
the far western States and who was honored, before leaving, with 
a seat in the Legislature from this county. 

It is regretted that the lack of space prevents the mention of 
private soldiers, who followed the "Southern Cross" for four 
years, and performed deeds of daring and dauntless courage that 
will live. They are the uncrowned heroes whose names may not 
be chronicled among man but are recorded in the unopen book of 

Coming down to the present generation, the sons of the soldiers 
of 1861 responded as promptly to the call of President McKinley. in 
1898, for troops to go 1o Cuba as did the socalled thrice loyal legions 
of the North. For the liberation of Cuba a Haywood County com- 
pany was formed and officered by Captain W. J. Hannah and Lieu- 
tenants Thomas Stringfield. Hugh A. Love, and Ben J. Kirkpatrick. 
It was made up of a fine lot. of non-commissioned officers and 
private soldiers, most of whom are living among us to-day. 

Setting out for the seat of war as company II of the first 
North Carolina infantry, they had the misfortune of being held in 
reserve on the coast of Florida until the war was practically over 
and. therefore, of not being actively engaged. They had. however, 
the distinguished honor of guarding the first United Stales Hag ever 
carried through the streets of Ilavanna. This honor was offered 


them, when in December, L898, the regiments of North Carolina 
troops with other troops iron, other states bad been ordered to 
Cuba and the ships carrying them were lying in the harbor of 

Havanna, on condition thai they disembark in an orderly and •<• 

speedy manner than a certain Northern regimenl on another ship 
lying alongside. All the boys, officers and men, wenl to work and 
unloaded the Bhip, packed the wagons, and were readj to march 
through the streets, while their Yankee comrades were lying on 
the shore hiring the lazy Cubans to do the work thej should have 
been doing themselves, and as then- fathers had done in the <'ivil 

war. Along with other North Carolina companies Hayw I County 

boys gave the rebel yell when it was discovered thai North Carolina 
was again firsl a1 Havanna. 

There is a good joke on the Bayw I County boys thai is too 

good t<» lose; As the regimenl in fine trim and in splendid order, 
proudly stepping to the music of "Dixie" and "Yankee Doodle," 
marched up from the harbor to the Main Streel of the city, where 
the people in wild joy and enthusiasm crowded the Btreets and side- 
walks shouting themselves hoarse, the firsl batallion when well oui 
on .Main Streel were greeted with a brillianl display of fireworks, 
cannon crackers and other explosives, one of the regimental officers, 
himself a youth in war, during a momentary ball and having heard 
Borne whisperings of treachery in the city ordered his batallion to 

load their guns at once and be ready to t i lt h t the traitors. One 

Haywood hoy. who hail been in the Civil war. was earnestly ques- 
tioned as to his idea of the tumult. Looking wise and listening for 

.1 second or two he replied, "Yes, hoys they are fighting like h 

r.p there." Soon they W3re on Main street and. of course, com- 
prehended the situation. .Major dames M. Bloody was Qlong at the 
time on the staff of Major General Keifer, and did honorable 
service in this Spanish-American military picnic. Major Moody 

was a son of a I lay woo. 1 County veteran of the ('ivil war. and a 
roan popular \\ it h all cl i 

since the Spanish -American war Haywood County has had 
representatives in the Philippines ami upon the seas. Major John 
\V. Norwood, now a practicing attorney in Waynesville, served two 
or three years in the Philippines as firsl lieutenant. Young W. P.. 
and Harlej Fergusi a, Bons of W. 1'.. Ferguson, of Waynesville, are 

winning golden laurels in the Bervi >!' the United States govern- 

ment and in Ship-building. Oi I' them is a graduate from the 

military school at West Poinl and 11 ther of the Naval Academy 

at Annapolis. John N. Ferguson, son of Judge <; s Ferguson, is 


a graduate of the Naval Academy and has already made a name for 
himself by the efficiency of his service. William IT. Lee, a son of 
W. T. Lee of Waynesville, is also a graduate of the Naval Academy 
and is doing brave service on one of the battleships in our navy. 

From the records, therefore, it is apparent that old Haywood 
has no cause to ever be ashamed of her war history, early or late. 
If the heroes of the Revolution and of the Civil war, most of whom 
are silent in their graves, could speak, with almost one voice and in 
thunder tones they would say, "Boys, be true to your God, your 
country, and the memory of your fathers." 


he Pursuits of Peace. 

Since its formation in 1808 Hayw I County has stood high 

among tin- counties of the State. Her citizenship has ever been 
loyal to the best interests of the commonwealth, generally enlisting 
on the conservative and safe side of every public questioq. In peace 
as well as in war her people have been true to the highest princi- 
ples of patriotism, which is nowhere better exe nplified than in fash- 
ioning a greal self-governing community from the fastnesses and 
wilds of the mountains. In the comparatively shorl space of a hun- 
dred years such transformation has taken place thai the wildest 
dreamer of the lasl century would be dazzle:! al the result. 

'Plus growth has no1 been rapid. It was particularly slow in the 

incipent stage of the county's existence. Even for man} years 

•he organization oJ the county governmenl in March, 1809, 

and the location of th >unty seat in the fall of that year, the 

country was almosl an unbroken wilderness from the Pigeon to the 

there a prosperous settlement had Bprung up. 

but for n hundred years after the firsl settlements there 

t an incorpoi at< i to .-. a in the county. 

Fr< rliesl times the bulk of the people have lived on 

thai have been literally snatched from the wilderness. Tilling 

:l and raising live stock received the greatesl attention from 

the fir: t. even in thai was the remoter 

die aarkets. The is .ire.-; town where a market for country produce 
could be found previ 170 was Greenville, S. <'.. and over 

the rough mountain roads the task of getting to market was difficull 
ami so perilous. 

Nothing dan ' vei\ the early inhabitants of Haywood 

sel about the task of reclaiming and subduing the land. These hardy 


frontiersmen trained to hardship and active toil, did not shrink 
from hard labor, but gave their attention to those things which 
contributed most directly to the building up of a self-sustaining com- 
munity. Hence, in Haywood for the first decade or two of its ex- 
istence, almost every man was a laborer. 

Until comparatively recent times the county was isolated from 
the great business centres of the country, and, therefore, followed 
the slow but sure business policies of a strictly primitive people. 
There was, therefore, no piling up of great fortunes; but a spirit of 
thrift and rustic enterprise possessed the staid and tried inhabi- 
tants of the hills. Wealth, in that early time, consisted largely 
in undeveloped mountain lands, and some landed estates of vast 
boundaries were entered and transmitted to descendants. 

Owing, therefore to the slow progress in the development of 
tht; mountain lands and the consequent tardy influx of population 
the taxable valuation of property in Haywood County has shown 
only a moderate increase from year to year. The following table 
taken from the reports to the State auditor, shows how moderate 
that increase has been: 
Year Property Polls 

1839 111,780 296 

1849 203,040 344 

1859 772,900 533 

1869 804,165 872 

1879 919,602 ...1242 

1889 1,567,607 1671 

1899 1,858,180 1916 

1908 4,657,947 2631 

Ecprrts back of 183J were destroyed when the capital at Raieigh 
was burned that year. 

In legislative halls Haywood County has played no unimportant 
part. While her people were carving the county from the rocky 
heights and the verdant slopes of the everlasting hills, they did not 
forget that they were an integral part of the "Old North State" and 
interested in everything that concerned the commonwealth as a 
whole. From the first some of the county's best men have been 
sent to the senate and house of representatives of the General Assem- 
bly of North Carolina. Among them are many names that are still 
familiar in the county. Several of them have reached almost emin- 
ence among their fellow men. The following list will be of interest 
to every native of Haywood County: 

Members of General Assembly From Haywood County. 

Senate Hoi 

.John Welch Thorn 

.John Welch Thorn 

.John McFarland Thorn 

of Representatives. 
Love, Thomas Lenoir 

Love, Tli as Lenoir 

Love. Thomas Lenoir 

.John McFarland Thomas Lenoir, John Dobson. 

.John McFarland Thomas Lenoir, Joseph Chambers 

.John McFarland Thomas Love, Thomas Lenoir. 

.James Welch Thomas Love, Joseph Chambers. 

.Hodge Rabourne. .. .John Stephenson, William Welch. 

.Thomas Tatharo Thomas Love, Dan'l McDowell. 

.Hodge Rabourne Thomas Love, William Welch. 

.Hodge Rabourne ....Thomas Love, Joseph Chambers. 

.Hodge Rabourne Thomas Love, Joseph Chambers. 

.Hodge Rabourne. .James R. Love Ninian Edn ston. 

.Hodge Rabourne James R. Love, Benjamin chirk. 

.Thomas Love .lames R. Love. Xiiiian EJdmonstou. 

.Thomas Love .lames R. Love. Ninian Edmonston. 

.Thomas Love .lames R. Love. Ninian Kdmonston. 

.Thomas Love .lames R. Love. Ninian Edmonston. 

.Thomas Love .lames R. Love, B<'ii.j. S. Britlain. 

.Thomas Love Benj. S. Brittain. Ninian Edmonston. 

."William Welch ....James R. Love. Ninian Kdmonston 
.William Welch ....James R. Love. Ninian Edmonston. 
.William I'arham ..Nianian Kdmonston. Jno. L.Smith. 
.William I'arham ....Ninian Edmonston, Jno. L.Smith. 
.William Sitton .....Ninian Kdmonston. Jno. L. Smith. 
.Ninian Kdmonston ..Jno. L. Smith, Joseph II. Walker. 
.Ninian Kdmonston ..Jno. L. Smith. Joseph II. Walker. 

.James Gudger John L. Smith. 

.Hodge Rabourne Joseph Keener 

.Thomas L. Clingman Joseph Keener. 

.Joseph Cathey Michael Francis. 

.Michael Francis Joseph Keener. 

.Michael Francis \ndrew Ferguson 

. W. II. Thomas Robt. G. A. Love. 

.W. II. Thomas Robt. G. A. Love 

.Michael Francis Robt. G. A. Love. 

.Michael Francis Robt. <:. A. Love. 

.Michael Francis s - B. Love. 

.Michael Francis s - B. Love 

.Michael Francis s - U Bove 

1862 CD. Smith g. L . Love. 

18 64 S. C. Bryson S. L. Love. 

1866 B- M. Henry Greene Garrett 

1868 Win. L. Love .' Walter Brown. 

1870 Win. L. Love W. P. Welch 

1872 Wm. L. Love H. P. Haynes. 

This year Haywood, Henderson, and Transylvania were made 
the 34th Senatorial district. 

1874 No Senator p. M. Davis. 

1876 G. S. Ferguson F. M. Davis. 

1879 ' No Senator F. M. Davis. 

1881 J. P. Deaver F. M. Davis. 

1 883 No Senator W. W. Stringfield. 

1885 W. L. Tate '...'. W. T. Crawford 

1887 Geo. W. Wilson W. T. Crawford. 

1889 No Senator W. II. Hargrove. 

1891 J. S. Davis R, D. Gilmer. 

1893 J. S. Davis .... .R, D. Gilmer. 

This year Haywood, Buncombe, and Madison, composed the 
41st Senatorial district. 

1895 J. M. Moody W. T. Lee. 

1897 Geo. H. Smathers J. W. Ferguson 

1899 No Senator J. S. Davis 

1901 W. W. Stringfield J. A. Collins; 

1903 No Senator M. D. Kinsland. 

1905 ..... .W. W. Stringfield J. S. Davis. 

1907 No Senator ' D. L. Boyd. 

Besides this long list of honored citizens extending from the 
earliest existence of the county to the present, Haywood County 
has had men prominent in other positions. During the long sec- 
tional controversy between eastern and western North Carolina 
regarding the question of representation in the General Assembly. 
General Thomas Love, Colonels N'nian Bdmonston, Wolliam Welch, 
and James R. Love, who were members from the county at different 
times, took strong positions for a reform that would give the 
west its rightful representation in the councils of the State. At 
that time each county was entitled to one senator and two represen- 
tatives, a plan which gave the large number of small eastern 
counties greatly the advantage over the large western counties. 
The west wanted to put the matter of representation upon the 
basis of population, an arrangement which the cast bitterly fought. 
The controversy went on for twenty years and was finally disposed 

of by the calling ol the constitutional convent! t 1835 

To tins convention Hay* I Count 3 Ben1 one of her most die- 

tinguished citizens, ColonelJoseph Cathej ol Pig i. He took poai- 

with the wesl in the main question before thai body and was 
i^truxnental i„ bringing aboul the greal issue b 3 which each county 
waa afterwarda represented in the General Aasembl) according to 

its population. This al aade an opening for the erection oi new 

countieB in the west, a thing which had been greatlj desired, bu1 
nad been stopped on account ol the agitation thai had been going on 

i,. i- many years. 

For twenty-five jreara following the constitutional convention ... 

1835 Hayw I Counts i pie trod the paths ol peace. Nothing ur 

ther was done than would be expected of a peace loving and indus- 
trious community. Even the Mexican war, to which only a fen 
North Carolinians went, did aol disturb the quiel ol the mountain 
covea and glens. Up to 1861 there was nothing of an exciting nature 
unl , the rumbling of the storm thai was approaching. New 

farms were being opened np and better roads were being built 
stride of those things-which relate only to the material uplifting ol 

the county, M may be aaid thai Hayw 1 had qo history during 

those years. During thai quarter century the county was being rep- 

ted in the General Assembly a1 Raleigh by auch men as Joseph 

, Cathey, Michael Francis, Andrew Ferguson, Robert 

.. A | nvi . .,„ | Dr s L Lo V e. It can be Been, therefore, from these 

namea thai the county wa i having w< ighl in the councils of State. 

War's Alarms. 

Early in 1861 the mutterings of the approaching storm were 
distinctly heard in all parts of North Carolina and the South. The 
war feeling which had been growing for months, had now 
become dominant. South Carolina had seceded on Decem- 
ber 20th, 1860. Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Louisiana and Texas followed rapidly in January, 1861. The 
Confederate States government, with Jefferson Davis as president 
and Alex. II. Stephens as vice-president, was organized at Montgom- 
ery, Ala., early in February. The three border States of Virginia, 
North Carolina, and Tennessee were halting between two opinions, 
but were still loyal to the union. 

In North Carolina the union sentiment was very strong. The 
rh'st call for a secession convention was defeated by a substantial 
majority at the polls, and it seemed that the "Old North State" 
would remain in the union. But in April, when President Lincoln 
called upon North Carolina to furnish her quota of troops to force 
the seven seceding States back into the union, there was a com- 
plete revolution of sentiment, and every man became a secessionist. 
The Legislature was hastily convened in extraordinary session, and 
that body issued a call for a convention to assemble in Raleigh on 
May 20, 1861. The call was almost unanimously endorsed at the 
polls and delegates were chosen. 

Haywood County played an important part in this historic 
drama. At first the union sentiment in the county was overwhelm- 
ing; but after Lincoln's call for troops became known the feeling 
changed, and what had been ;i union stronghold now became ram- 
pant for secession. Rev. William Hicks, who had been a strong 
union sympathizer but now equally strong for secession, was elected 
as the county's delegate to the convention. Mr. Hicks, who was <4 

verj eloquenl Bpeaker, hastened to Raleigh, voted for, and Bigned 
the ordinance of secession thai dissolved the bands existing between 
North Carolina and the United States government. 

Succeeding thai evenl volunteer companies were quickly organ 
ized in Haywood County as elsewhere in the State and smi to the 
fronl in Virginia and Tennessee. Aboul twelve hundred mea from 
this county joined the Confederate Bervice and many of them 
were in the firing line from the beginning al Bethel to the close 
al Appomattox. Thej were in some of the bloodiesl battles of the 
war, and were among the lasl to laj down their anus. 

It is not the purpose, however, in tins place, to follow the 
fortunes of Haywood County troops throughout the war. Thai has 
been done already in another chapter. Only some things ool men- 
tioned in the chapter referred to need to be touched upon here, 
among them Kirk's raid through the count} in March, 1865, and 
Bartlett's surrender al Waynesville in May, 1865. These two events 
are quite Bignificanl in the history of the county. 

It will be remembered by those living in the county al the 
time thai early in 1^ii.~» there were very few men in the county. 

Nearly all were away in tin- armies of I and Johnston. The few 

that were here were stationed aboul in squads in differenl sections 
<>f th.' county. Lieutenant-Colonel W. \V. Stringfield, with the 
remnanl of the sixty-ninth regiment, qow reduced t.» less than 300 
men was in command of the distrid from Asheville to beyond .Mur- 
phy and was acting under General -I. <;. .Martin, who was in com- 
mand of tin 1 distrid of western North Carolina and Mast Tennes- 
see. Colonel Stringfield 's command was scattered over the ter- 
ritory over which In- had control. Colonel James B. Love, with 
aboul one hundred men, had spenl most of tin- winter at the Locusl 
<>]<! Field, now Canton, and was on the lookout for any advance the 
enemy mighl make. After resting for some weeks at his home in 

Jackson County, Colonel Love, who had almost losl his health in 

the strenuous campaign in the valley of Virginia in 1864, had re- 
joined his regimenl (the 69th and hail the direction of affairs in the 
field. Colonel Stringfield, as already stated, was here, there, and 
everywhere looking after the scattered detachments of soldiers 
operating in his territory. Such was the condition of affairs, from a 

military standpoint, in Haywood County, on the firsl of March, 

1865, aboul five weeks before I 's surrender at Appomattox. 

( >n that day intelligence was received that a Federal force of 
aboul six hundred men, onder the command of Co'onel c. \V. 
Kirk, was approaching the Cattaloochee neighborhood from the Ten- 


nessee side of the Great Smoky Mountains. This was the notorious 
Colonel Kirk, a renegade Tennesseean in the Federal service, who 
was afterwards so infamous in the "Kirk war" in Alamance and 
Orange counties in 1870 and 1871. He' was now upon one of 
his numerous guerilla campaigns for which he was so universally 

As soon as this intelligence was received the small and scattered 
forces in Haywood County prepared to resist him. Couriers were 
dispatched here and there to get the men together. One company 
hurried to Cattaloochee and made an attack upon the enemy that 
had just crossed the line into the county. Kirk returned the fire that 
was poured into his ranks and the small Confederate force retired. 
One Confederate private, Will Hyatt, was desperately wounded 
in this skirmish and died soon afterwards. With no foe opposing 
him Kirk pushed on to Waynesville, followed and harassed by the 
few Confederates in arms and some indignant farmers from whom 
horses, mules, and provisions had been stolen by the raiders. 

Reaching Waynesville, which offered no resistance, Kirk burned 
the home of old Colonel Robert Love, which stood on the "Temple 
lot," and the jail after liberating the prisoners confined in it. After 
threatening to burn others and looting every house in the place, 
Kirk passed on, for he had heard that the patriots of Haywood 
were assembling to make an attack upon him. Near the "Pinnacle" 
on the Balsam road he encamped for the night. In the da: 1 .::.; 
about a hundred Haywood County troops crept up on the far side 
of them and fired a volley into their midst. Kirk opened upon them 
with his big guns and the Confederates fell back. 

Next morning, very early, instead of pressing on into Jackson 
County by the Balsam gap, the Federal leader broke camp, marched 
back to Waynesville and hurried on toward Soco gap. There he was 
met by Lieutenant Conley, who drove him back across the Balsams. 
Again attempting to force his way across Soco creek on March 
6th, Kirk was met by the united forces of Jackson and Swain coun- 
ties, including a company of Cherokee Indians, and driven across the 
Smoky mountains into Tennessee. If he had not escaped when 
he did he might have been captured with all his forces, for both 
whites and Indians were thoroughly aroused against him and were 
collecting from all quarters to run him down, and take from him the 
spoils he had plundered from the inhabitants of the county. 

The war was now fast drawing to a close, but the men of Hay- 
wood were as patriotic in the closing days of the war as they had 
been in the early months of the struggle. The ranks of Thomas's 

legion, known also as the 69th regiment, were rapidly refilled by 
Haywood and Jackson County recruits as well as by men from other 
mountain counties. Colonel James R. Love, now in active command 
of the regiment, was ordered to Asheville to assist in repel 

threatened attack upon that place. Col< I Bartlett, in command of 

Fork regiment, ha I inarch • I from Mast Tennessee to attack 
A&heville about the first of May. but found the place defended. He 
then began to march toward Waynesville. 

Colonel Love, who a Little time befi re, had repulsed a force of 
the Federals who om Salisbury, was Bent in par- 
suit of Bartlett. General Martin, the commander of the department, 
had senl word to Colonel Stri] vith a flag of truce to 
a] Stoneman at Knoxville to make terms with him for the 
surrender of this department. Stringfield got ready to go, but 
before he set out from Franklin a paroled soldier from Lee' sin- 
rendered army came in and told that I had surrendered. Thai 

was the first that had been hear,! of that notable event. The Boldier's 
story was disci-edited and Colonel : had him put in jail. 

Soon. I nother soldier came and told the same story. Then 

the fir i Boldier was released. Stringfield set out to Knoxville, which 
he reached about the first of May. ami there he and his attendants 
were thrown into jail, and held for a month. 

Meanwhile matters were fast drawing to a crisis in Haywood. 
Bartlett with his New Yorkers, about a thousand in number, came 
into Haywood about the 6th of May. No resistance was offered him 
and he marched into Waynesville, establishing his headquartt 
Main Street and stationing his troops on the Sulphur Springs 

( in the evening of May 7th. < Jolonel Love with his command came 
up in the vicinity and Colonel W. II. Thomas; with a determined 
force of white men and India: over from Jackson County 

ami encamped near Dellwood. Love with his force of some 250 
men passed round and got between Bartl ftt's regiment and Balsam 

gap while Thomas occupied the the real- of the enemy. 

Bartlett *s command was. therefore, aim I surrounded. 

Toward niirht Thomas advanced upon Bartlett and the pickets 
of tin- forces became engaged near where the Springs hotel now 

stands. Several shots were fired and one Federal soldier was killed. 
Bartlett then asked for an armistice o B, which was granted. 

This time he used in sending two renegade Southern men. who had 
joined his command, one from Haywood ami the other from Bun- 


combe, to Colouel Kirk just across the Balsams to come to his as- 

After the two days armistice was out on the evening of the 
9th of May Colonel Thomas advanced his force from Dellwood and 
arranged them along the slopes of Rocky Knob and Old Field Top. 
Colonel Love from above the Sulphur Springs brought his command 
into close contact with the others during the night. From their 
position on the mountain side hundreds of fires were built, and it 
seemed from the Yankee camp that thousands of men were assemb- 
ling to attack them. 

Next morning, Colonels Thomas and Love, with about twenty 
Indians painted and decked with feathers, rode toward the Yankee 
lines and demanded a surrender. Bartlett and his men were now 
thoroughly alarmed. Thomas, in his vehement and vigorous style, 
told Bartlett if he did not immediately surrender and make haste to 
get away from Waynesville he would turn his Indians upon the 
Yankee army and have them all scalped. 

Bartlett at once asked for a consultation so that terms of peace 
might be arranged. The commanders met in a building near where 
the inn now stands, and there it was agreed that inasmuch as Lee 
and Johnston had surrendered, the news of which events had just 
been confirmed, the two commands would mutually cease holtil- 
ities. Bartlett was to leave Waynesville at once and Kirk was to 
stop his raiding. Thomas and Love disbanded their troops, Bartlett 
and Kirk marched to Asheville and the war was in reality ended. 


Since the Civil War. 

I'»\ the fall of 1865 the pomp and glory of war had ceased to ex- 

cite th«- youth of Haywood ( ' I the veterans, who had borne 
the burden and heat of the campaigns during the Eour 3 ears of strife 
had gotten hack to their homes after a long absence. Some of tin- 
soldier boys, win. were with Lee and Johnston and who had been 
paroled, returned in April and .May. Others, who had been wounded 
or held in prison, did not gel hack to the old homesteads until late 
in the summer or fall. 

The troops of Thomas and Love, who had tired the last shots 
east of the Mississippi and had forced a Yankee regimenl to terms 

of surrender more than a month after the surrender of Lee. retired 

from the service of the Confederacy, laid down their arms, and took 
np the ho.-. Other Haywood County boys from the battlefields of 
Virginia and Tennessee found their way hack to their native hills 

and began again the pursuits of peace. War was ov.-r. hut th.- bat- 
tles of peace, no less stern and unrelenting, had to he fought; and 
the manhood, that had exhibited itself ,-,t the cannon's mouth or iii 
tin- charge of bayonets, was now called into other and better service. 
Haywood County needed development. The four years of strife 
had arrested progress n every line oj industry. There was no di>- 

veloi ment in agriculture, do manufacturing, no mining, no lumber- 
ing, no commerce worthy the name, no banking, nothing of the nun 
dred different enterprises now going on so successfully in the 
county. The red hand of war had blasted every enterprise, and 
stagnation was literally Btalking abroad. 

lint the heroes of w.-u- were no less brave in times of peace. 

With th.- same heroism that they had displayed on ;) hundred hi I- 

stained fields the boys of 'til began th.- rebuilding and reanimating 


of the county. With such men as G. S. Ferguson. W. B. Ferguson. 
\y L Norwood, J. C. L| Gudger, Dr. S. L. Love. F. M. Davis, W. 
G. B. Garrett. W. P. Welch, W. J. Wilson. W. W. Stringfield m the 
lead and the hosts of McCrackens, Fergusons, Crawfords, Penlands. 
Kirkpatricks, Russells, Rogers, Welchs, Greens .Aliens. Loves. Abels, 
Catheys Edwardses, Edmonstons, Pattons, Hayneses, Osbornes, 
Smathers, Shocks. Ilyatts. Wilsons, Terrells. Ledhetters. Leather- 
woods. Rays, Morgans, Ilerrens. Boones, Roberts, Millers, Moodys, 
Sheltons, Howells, Nolands, Lees, Hannahs. Owens. Campbells, 
Henrys, and others to help, the county soon began to emerge from 
its death like stupor and to put on new life. 

There was not a town in the county in 1865. Waynesville had 
the court house, jail and a dozen or fifteen houses with no pretense 
of a town government, Canton, known as the Fords of Pigeon or 
later as Pigeon River, had only a few houses within its borders. 
Clyde and Hazelwood and Sunburst were not in existence then, but 
are products of a later growth. The many nourishing neighbor- 
hoods, now so prosperous, were then merely in existence Without 
signs of prosperity. 

^Politically the county was of small influence. Only about seven 
hundred voters cast their ballots in the elections of 1866 and 1868. 
Many of the veterans of the war just closed were denied the ballot 
on account of the reconstruction acts of the United States govern- 
ment. The evils of reconstruction, carpet-bag government, and 
negro domination, so obnoxious in other counties, were not felt to 
any great extent in the mountain counties, Eor no matter which 
political party triumphed at the polls the government machinery 
was still in the hands of home people and not aliens. 

In 1868 the question of calling a State constitutional convention, 
to revise or rewrite the constitution of 1776, was submitted to the 
people for endorsement. While there were many men in Haywood, 
as elsewhere in the Stale, who were opposed to this proposed break- 
ing away from the traditions of the Revolution, no serious opposi- 
tion was developed. The county voted for the convention and 
elected as its representative in that body Mr. W. G. B. Garrett 
who died just a few years ago. Mr. Garrett assisted in repealing the 
ordinance of secession and in fashioning the constitution which re- 
mained in force until 1875 when it was revised and rewritten by the 
constitutional convention of that year. 

By a legislative act of 1871 Waynesville was incorporated, and 
began to show some signs of becoming a town. In 1870 the famous 
White Sulphur Springs hotel was built, and the management began 


to advertise the attractions of Waynesville and Haywood County. 
People began to come her< I the summer and booh W 

\ 1 11.* ami the county around became well known as health resorts. 
In 1883 the North Carolina Teachers' A- embly which has Bince be 
come such a power for good, was organized al the Springs hotel in 
Waynesville with Prof. Pay, of Ral< its firsl president and 

Eugene Harrell, of the same place, as secretary. The railroad had 

reached th inty seal a year before, and what had. for nearly a 

hundred years, been an isolated community became well and favor- 
ably known m other communities and other Sta1 

Along with other counties Haywood voted, in 188.1, on the 
question of State prohibition. In the state fhe liquor forces won 
by an overwhelming majority, but in Haywood prohibition won by 
a majority of twenty, it being one of the six counties in North 
Carolina that gave their votes that way. It will be seen, therefore, 
that Haywood County is original prohibition territory. 

Dr. s. I.. Love was elected state Auditor in 1876 on the ticket 
with Vance ami Jarvis, and served until 1881. lie was the first 

Ilayw I county man to he elected to a State office. Hon. J, (' I. 

Gudger was chosen ju Ige of the Superior Court in 1884, being the 
first Haywood County man to reach that high office. He Berved 
eighl years. Bon. YV. I,. Norwood was chosen to the same position 
in 1894, and Hon. c. S. Ferguson in 1902. These three honored 
citizens, still living, are the only representatives Haywood County 
has ever had upon the bench of the State. In 1900 Hon. R. D. 

Gilmer was elected as the county's first representative in the Attor- 
ney-Generalship of the State, lie is qow serving his second term. 
Previous to 1890 Haywood County had had only one represen- 
tative in the Congress f Hie 1'iiited States. That had been Hon. 

Felix Walker, who lived near Dellwood, ami was i smber of 

Congress in 1821. In 1890, however. Hon. W. T. Crawford was nom- 
inated ami elected. 1892 lie was elected. In 1894 Mr. 
Crawford was defeated. In 1898 Mr. Crawford was again nomi- 
nated and declared elected, but his election was contested by Mr. 
Pearson and near the close of his term he was unseated. In 1900 
Haywood County had two candidates for Ci the tenth 

Congressional district. W. T. Crawford and J. M. Moody. Mr. 
Mo.,dy was elected and served until his death in February, L903. 
Mr. Crawford was again elected to Congress in 1906 and has 1 n 

mated for the same position. 

During the last ten years the growth of the county has 1 n 

steady. Good macadam roads have been built in some of the town- 


ships, new roads opened, and new business interprises commenced. 
The agricultural interests have materially improved by the introduc- 
tion of better breeds of horses and cattle. An increased interest in 
the products of the farm has been added by the organization in 
1906 of the Haywood County fair, which has made three exhibits of 
the products and resources of the county. 

Besides the agricultural interests other agencies for the up- 
building of the county have been at work. The lumber business 
has become large and profitable. Several large lumber mills have 
been established and are getting out immense quantities of hardwood 
for shipment to other states and to foreign countries. The Champion 
Fibre Company, a two million dollar corporation, established an im- 
mense pulp mill at Canton in 1906. It is in many respects the largest 
plant of any kind in the state. In 1905 Mr. B. J. Sloan established 
on Pigeon r ; ver a large electric plant, from which the town of Way- 
nesvi^e sixteen miles from the power house, is supplied with electric 
power for lights, motors, and fans. The same system also furnishes 
a large amount of power to the Champion Fibre Company at Canton. 
To keep pace with these various developments in agriculture. 
jtock raising, lumbering, manufacturing, mining, and other indus- 
tries of the county, business has also developed. Trade has wonder- 
fully increased. The towns have grown in population and wealth 
to match the development in the country districts, and the comity 
is, therefore, making mighty strides toward the first rank among 
the counties of the state. 

If we compare Haywood of the present with the Haywood of 
one hundred years ago we shall see a wonderful change. Then a 
few hundred people lived here; now twenty-five thousand. Then no 
town in the county; now four towns with increasing populations. 
Then no roads; now macadam turnpikes traversing almost every 
section. Then no industry- but farming ; now almost every line of 
business in the modern world represented. Then few, if any, 
schools; now two graded schools and several high schools besides 
the public schools in every hamlet in the county. Then very few 
churches; now beautiful and substantial houses of worship in every 
neighborhood. In short, Haywood County, in a hundred years' time, 
has leaped from the desolation of the wilderness, unknown bey .in! 
its own borders, into the calcium light of railroads, telegraphs, tele- 
phones, libraries, electric lights, schools, churches, newspapers, 
paved streets, macadam roads, furniture factories, paper mills, and 
all the conveniences and improvements of the modern community. 
What wonderful changes time hath wrought! 


Builders of the County. 

Many of the real builders of the county are unknown to fame. 
Slim- lie in unremembered graves. Few only achieved distinction. 
Very few can be mentioned. The many will have to be passed by 
with nol even a word. Such is the fate of the great masses of hu- 
manity thai come into existence, play for a brief time upon the 
world's stage, and pass off t . i a long oblivion. 'Tis bu1 a few thai 
cat li the ear and attracl the eye of men. 

In this chapter are given 1 rief sketches of those who have had 

to do with the making of the county. Some who belong in the 

I g ven for the reason thai their footprints have be- 

e so m thai they copld nol be traced. It is only intended to 
■ i who have lefl a distincl impression upon the life of 
the county, and such only have been selected. 
Felix Walker. 

In some respects the most remarkable man thai ever occupied 
a seal in the Congress of the United States as a member from North 

Carolina was Felix Walker, who was elected from Haywood 
County in 1817 and served until 1823. Mr. Walker was a genuine 

type oi the frontiersman of the Daniel Boone stripe, and Buffered 
himself to be surrounded by the vanguards of civilization only two 
or three times in his eventful career. 

He was horn in Hampshire County. Va.. on July 19th, 1753 and 
spent his boyhood days in that locality. About 1774 he came to 
North Carolina and went with Daniel Boone upon one of his frontier 
trips to Kentucky, being with that remarkable man in some of his 
thrilling and eventful adventures with the Indians in the "great 

west*' as th- Kentucky County was then called. Returning to North 

Carolina the same year he settled in that pari of Tryon County that. 
is now called Rutherford. 


Enlisting in the service of his country Mr. Walker was a soldier 
for eight years during the entire period of the Revolution. He was 
a faithful and patriotic soldier during the time that tried men's 
souls. After the war closed he began his career as a farmer and 
merchant. He studied law also and was for many years a practi- 
tioner. He owned large tracts of land in what is now Rutherford, 
Buncombe, Haywood, Jackson, and Cherokee Counties. 

In 1792 he was elected as one of the members of the Legislature 
from Rutherford County, and was re-elected the following year. In 
1799 he was again elected to the Legislature and re-elected in 1800, 
1801, 1802, and again in 1806. During all those years he served the 
State and his county most acceptably. 

In 1807 he moved from Rutherford to Jonathan's Creek in 
what was then Buncombe County but now Haywood. He soon be- 
came identified with the growth and development of this section. 
His name appears frequently in tbe early records. When the county 
was erected Mr. Walker was one of the leaders in that event and 
contributed largely to its success. He was a candidate for the posi- 
tion of clerk of the court for the new county, but was defeated for 
that position by Colonel Robert Love. 

As a business man Mr. Walker Avas very successful. He bad 
a store in Waynesville, one on Scott's Creek, and another at Qualla- 
town. While engaged in business he bad some time to devote to 
politics, and became a successful party manager. In 1817 be was 
elected to tbe Congress of the United Sta t,j s from the Asheville 
district and re-elected in LSI!) and 1821. lie retired trom policies 
in 1823. While in Congress be became famous on account of a 
pi rase which be used. Webster's International Dictionary, in de- 
fining tbe word '■buncombe." has tbe following interesting remark 
about Mr. Walker: '"Tbe phrase originated near tbe (dose of tbe 
debate on tbe famous Missouri question in tbe sixteenth Congress. 
It -was then used by Felix Walker — a naive obi mountaineer, who 
r sided at Waynesville, in Haywood, tbe most western county of 
North Carolina, near tbe border of tbe adjacent county of Buncombe 
which formed a part of this district. The old man rose to speak. 
while tbe house was impatiently calling for the question and several 
members gathered round him, begging him to desist. He perse- 
v< red, however, for a while 1 declaring that the peop'ie of his district 
expected it, and that he was bound to make a speech for Buncombe." 

Lis term o1 office expiring in 1823 Mr'. Walker retired to private 
life; but being still a frontiersman at heart he sold out his business 
interests here and went first %o Tennessee and later to Mississippi, 
where be died in 1830. 


Robert Love. 

As a pioneer in Western North Carolina and the founder of 
Y\"aynesville Colonel Etoberl Love beca the besl known man con- 
nected with the early history of Haywood County. His services 
to the State were manj and varied. He Lived a Long and useful 
life respected and Loved i>\ his friends and feared by his enemies. 

Colonel Lov( was the son of Samuel Love and Dorcas Bell Love 
of Augusta County, Va. He was born in that county in L760, and 
spent liis boyhood days near his birthplace. No1 much is known of 
his early life, bu1 he musl have been very well educated, because 
specimens of Ins handwriting in the records in the Clerk's office at 
the c - t house in Waynesville Bhow evidenl signs of good training. 

In 177"). when scarcely fifteen, the Revolutionary war broke out, 
and the stripling of a boy al once volunteered in the patriotic cause, 
joining Washington's army in the fall of thai year .-is it camped 
near Boston. He was with Washington in many of the campaigns 
in the North, and on many battlefields displayed the courage of a 
here He was with General Anthony Wayne a1 the attack upon 
Stony I'uint in L779. 

Later, in 1780, he was transferred to the departmenl of the 
South and Berved under General Nathaniel Gfreene. He was pro- 
moted from one position to another, and before the close of the 
war he held the commission of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Continen- 
tal army, being one of the youngesl men to attain such rani-;. 

Colonel Love was m several pitched battles, one the battle 
of Guilford Court-house being one of the most famous in the Revo- 
lutionary struggle and the turning point of the war. There Corn- 
wallis really received his death blow and the climax at Yorktown fol- 
lowed as a natural result. 

Alter the close of the war Colonel Love married .Miss Mary 
Ann Dillard, daughter of Genera] Thomas Dillard of Pittsylvania 
County, Va., and removed to Washington County. Tennessee, where 
he soon became prominenl in civil affairs. For one term he was 
a member of the State Legislature from Washington < ountj and 
traveled on horseback five hundred miles to the capital which was 
then at Newbern. A year Later he became involved in the contro- 
versy over the abortive State <>t* Franklin, which Colonel -Sevier 
ana his adherents sought to set up ou1 of the western territory of 
North Carolina. Colonel Love espoused the cause of North Carolina 
in the dis-. nte and assisted Colonel Tipton in overthrowing the gov- 
ernment, which Colonel Sevier had organized. His service in this 

incident is n rded in Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee and in the 


recent historical novel, "The Crossing," by Winston Churchill. 

After the close of the Sevier-Tipton controversy in Tennessee, 
Colonel Love removed to what is now Haywood County but what 
was then Burke. He settled at Mount Prospect and bought vast 
tracts of land. When Buncombe was erected in 1791, Colonel Love 
at once became influential in the affairs of the new county. He 
represented Buncombe in the State Legislature in 1793, 1791, and 
1795 as senator from that county. In other ways also he was prom- 
inent in public affairs besides amassing a large fortune in land. 

When the agitation for a new county west of Buncombe began 
Coolnel Love was one of the prime movers. He was largely instru- 
mental in having the bill erecting the county of Haywood passed by 
the State Legislature, and he was named at once as a member of 
the commission to locate the county seat and erect the public build- 
ing. The bill was passed in December, 1808, and ratified the same 

On the fourth Monday of the following March the first cour r t 
of pleas and quarter sessions met at Mount Prospect and proceeded 
to the election of county officers. For the office of Clerk of the 
Court there were two candidates, Robert Love and Felix Walker. 
Colonel Love was unanimously chosen. He served in that capacity 
for several years. 

At the June term of the court the question of the location of 
the county seat came up. The commissioners unanimously agreed 
that Mount Prospect should be the favored spot. Colonel Love, 
who owned most of the land donated sites for the court house 
jail, and the public square. He also suggested the name Waynes- 
ville, in honor of Anthony Wayne, the hero of Stony Point. Colonel 
Love may well, therefore, be called the founder of the little city, 
beautifully situated on Richland Creek on the site of the ancient 
Mount Prospect. Besides the sites for the public square, court 
house, and jail, land for the cemetery and several churches was 
also the gift of Colonel Love. 

In politics he was an ardent Democrat and an intimate friend 
and earnest supporter of Andrew Jackson. He was a presidential 
elector during each campaign for thirty years, and in order to 
deposit his vote he traveled the long journey from Waynesville to 
Washington City in his gig, being often weeks on the road. 

From his mother, Colonel Love inherited a larger fortune which 
he invested in immense boundaries of mountain lands in Haywood 
and Jackson Counties. It was at one time one of the largest estates 
in North Carolina and is still considerable in its extent and value. 


In thf court house to-day on the wall just back of the judge's 
stand is a bronze tablet, erected in 1902 by the Dorcas Bel] Love 
Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, to the mem- 
ory of Colonel Love. Governor Chas. B. Aycoci delivered the 
oration al the unveiling at that time. The tablet contains this in- 

script ion : 

1760 1845 

In Memoriam 
Pounder of Waynesville. 
Soldier, Statesman, Benefactor 
ESrected by the 
August 23; 1902. 
Colonel Love was a devoted member <>f the Presbyterian 
Church. His family consisted of six sons and seven daughter*,, 
namely: Thomas, Samuel, William. Dillard, John, dames. Annie. 
Winifred, Dorcas, .Martha. Sarah. Mary Anne, and Rebecca 

Edward Hyatt. 
Edward Hyatt, the first of the name west of the Blue Ridge 

mountains, was born in England about tlie middle of the eigh- 
teenth Century. He was one of seven brothers who crossed the 

Atlantic and settled in Maryland previous to the Revolutionary 
war. Two of the brothers went North and five of them finally found 

their way into the South and West. Edward was one of the five 
who drifted South. lie stopped in Burke County. Soon the Revo- 
lution came on. and Edward enlisted in the service of the Colonies. 

He was in the army during the eight years of its continuance. 

After the war Hyatt began life anew in Bnrke County. About 
1785, after the iirst treaty with the Indians in Western North 
Carolina was made, he with two sons ventured into tin- Indian 
country among the mountains, notwithstanding the fact that the 
savages were hostile at that time and had sworn by the Great 
Spirit that no white man should come west of the Blue Rid<re 
Hyatt undaunted, however, blazed away across the mountains and 
with his sons traveled across the French Broad and selected a 
suitable spot for a camp on the east bank of Pigeon river near where 
Canton now stands. Their food was such game as they killed on 
the way as they were expert hunters. 


Camping there for some time they explored the country round. 
Then they moved down the river and stopped for a brief time at a 
point near where Clyde is now. Not liking the Pigeon Valley, 
Hyatt pushed on through the forest till he came to a good spring 
near where Turpins Chapel now stands. Here he built a camp on 
the land now owned by Captain Alden Howell, of Waynesville, and 
located a claim of good land which suited him, returning to his 
home about twelve miles from Morganton on the Catawba River. 
Soon, therefore, with several of his sons and two negroes and 
bringing a horse packed with corn and such provisions as would 
be needed, he returned to the claim he had locate,- and c 
crop that year. 

Late in the fall he returned again to Morganton and brought 
back with him his family. He also took out grants of land which 
are recorded in the office of the register of deeds of Burke County. 
Afterwards he located grants in what is now Jackson County. 
At his home near where Turpins Chapel is he reared a family of 
six children, namely, Shadrick, Elisha, Nathan, Abel, Alcie, and 
Airy. He was a member of the Baptist Church and a very devout 
man. He built the first Baptist Church in Haywood County, a 
structure built of logs and situated near the site of Turpins Chapel 
in the gap or road that now runs from the Hyatt grove through by 
A. C. Cagle's to the residence of the late Captain John Turpin. 

One incident which showed Mr. Hyatt's ingenuity took place 
as he was crossing the Blue Ridge mountains with his family coming 
to this county. The hills were very steep and he had no brakes on 
nis wagon. To obviate trouble of that nature he cut down a small 
tree and lashed the butt to his wagon and thus came down in 
safety. He is said to have been the first man to bring a wagon 
into Avhat is now Haywood County. 

Another incident is related which showed Mr. Hyatt's kindly 
nature. When he first came to this county he won the friendship of 
the Indian hunters and warriors by his kindness. Whenever they 
came round, he gave them something to eat and invited them to his 
camp. The Indians reciprocated by inviting him to hunt on their 
hunting grounds. When Hyatt's family came the Indians squaws 
came to his home. Mrs. Hyatt treated them kindly and gave them 
something to eat. Then the warriors came and they were fed also. 

Some time afterwards another white man came into the neigh- 
borhood and settled near Hyatt. His wife was afraid of the Indian 
squaws and would not give them anything to eat. This made the 
Indians mad and they said to Mr. Hvatt: 

"Hyatt good man. Indiana like him. II-- can Btay. Other 
white man, he bad man. Won'1 feed Bqnaws, musl Leave or [ndiana 
scalp him." 

It is useless to Bay the other man left, bul .Mr. Hyatl ever re 
mained on the friendliest terms with the Cherokees who lived all 
about him. 

In 1817 Mr. Hyatl died al the home of Ins Nathan in what 

is now Jackson County. He was among the very firsl to eome 
wesl "i the Pigeon River. 

Thomas Love. 

General Thomas Love, one of the oldesl and mosl highly 
honored pioneers of the early days of Haywood County, was born 
about the middle of the eighteenth century in Augusta County, 
Virginia. In Ins young manhood he was a soldier in the Revolution 
;iikI served under Washington. 

After the close of the war he went to Last Tennessee and was in 
the Sevier-Tipton war when the abortive State of Franklin was 

attempted. He came to what is qow Hayw I Comity aboul the 

year 1T!)(». When Buncombe ;.was formed in 1791 he became active 
in the affairs of the new county. In 1797 he was elected as repre- 
sentative from Buncombe to the lower house ol the State Li 
ture. He was re-elected in 17!>7 and for each year thereafter until 
1808, when Haywood was created largely through his efforts. 

From the new county of Haywood General Love was one 

of the liist representatives, the other being Thomas Lenoir. He was 

:ted in 1810 and 1811. tn ! si I he was again elected to the 

; .<.ii^e and re-elect d in 1815. In 1817 he was again returned 

and re-elected in 1818, 1819, and 182Q. That he made an able 

itative is conclusively shown by the number oi times he 


For i:ioie 'iian thirty years General Love was a citizeu of Mount 
Prospect and Waynesville. iiis home was in what is now Way- 
nesville near the ''Brown house" back of the McAf ;ottages. 

Later he moved to Tennessee where he died aboul I s - ''> 

Ninian Edmonston. 

Among the prominent citizens who livedk'antl died in Hayw I 

County Ninian Bdmonstou ranks high. For more than fortj years 


he was one of the most conspicuous and influential men in this part 
A North Carolina. His public life was, in a considerable degree, 
notable, but his private life was modest and unassuming. 

Mr. Edmonston was born in Burke County, Oct. 21, 1789. His 
ancestors came from Maryland and settled among the foothills in 
full view of the blue peaks of the Appalachians. Later, the family 
moved across the Blue Eidge and made a home near the limpid 
waters of the French Broad in what is now Buncombe County. 
Here, in the midst of the wildest mountain scenery Ninian Edmon- 
ston was born two years before Buncombe became a county. 

As a boy he grew up near to nature's heart, and imbibed the 
inspiration which only nature can give. Nothing is known as to his 
early training. Few schools were in existence in this mountain 
country then. It is quite clear, however, that the boy was well 
taught and schooled, for his after life displayed a well tutored 
mind. His training was largely mathematical, for he exhibited 
more skill in that subject than in any other. He became a surveyor 
early in life and assisted at nineteen rears of age in running the 
line between Buncombe and Haywood when the latter county was 

Some years previous to the erection of Haywood County Mr. 
Edmonston 's father had moved to the Pigeon Valley, and as soon 
as Haywood became a county in December, 1803, he became at 
once identified with her interests. When the war of 1812 broke 
out Ninian now grown to a young man of twenty-three volun- 
teered for active service in the field. It is not known where or in 
what capacity he served, but he came out at the close of the war 
without a wound and returned to his home on the west fork of 
u igeon River. 

Mr. Edmonston, however, was not allowed to spend his days 
in retirement. He was shortly afterwards elected sheriff of the 
county, and for four years was the chief executive officer of all the 
country from the western boundary of Buncombe to the Hiawassee 
River. This was an arduous task and Mr. Edmonston declined 
a third term. 

In 1821 he was elected to represent Haywood County in the 
house of Commons at Raleigh on the ticket with James R. Love, Hay- 
wood having two representatives at that time. At the same time 
Hodge Rabourne was elected senator from this county. Rabourne 
had served several terms before and two afterwards. At the elec- 
tion of 1822 Edmonston was not a candidate, but in 1823 he was 
again elected as the colleague of James R. Love. Afterwards he 


served nine terms in the house iinri two in the senate, closing his 
Legislat ii >• career in 1 836. 

After retiring From political life he was not idle. As a sin s^ 

t'ul farmer he lias left his influence upon the county. He amassed 
considerable property, and. while nol considered wealthy, he was 
well t<> do. His death occurred in March L868 well stricken in years 
ami full of honors. 

Mr. K.lmonston was a member of the Baptist Church . Seven 
children survived him. four sons ami three daughters, namely: 
Benjamine P., Thomas B., Basil B.. Rufus A.. Nancy A.. Laura <\. 
ami Dorothy 1. 

Joseph Cathey. 

Colonel Joseph Cathey. an influential citizen of Pigeon town- 
ship ami for many years a leader in the county, was horn March 
12th, 1803 and died dune 1st. 1*74. He was a son of William 
Cathey, one of the earliest settlers on Pigeon River. His early life 
was spenl among the picturesque surroundings of his own home 


and he grew to manhood under the silent influences of the beauties 
of nature. 

His early education was greatly neglected as schools in this 
county during the early years of the nineteenth century were rare. 
He received, however, sufficient training in his youth to put him on 
the road to a full and thorough education in his manhood. A con- 
temporary who wrote his obituary has the following to say of 
Colonel Cathey's education: ''In many respects he was the most 
extraordinary man the writer ever knew. He was a man of sound 
practical judgment, well versed in all subjects, and yet his edu- 
cation in early life was very deficient. Few men, if any, knerr 
so much about all kinds of business transactions and all industrial 
pursuits as he. He could tell a country woman what it would cost 
her to make a web of cloth; could approximate the cost of a wagon. 
g house, or a large merchant mill; and was an excellent adviser 
about everything that a neighbor could suggest. He was an excel- 
lent farmer, merchant, miller, trader, a good family physician, a 
most excellent legislator. He was well versed in the general prin- 
ciples of law, theology, medicine, physics, and almost every depart- 
ment of knowledge." 

It will be seen, therefore, from this praise of him by one who 
knew him well that he was a man of more than ordinary ability. 
and that he was a close student of men and matters. In his early 
manhood he became a leader among his neighbors, especially in 
those things that contribute to the happiness of mankind. He be- 
came a member of the Methodist Church and was a pillar of 
strength in that denomination in the county for a long number of 

Colonel Cathey shrank from politics, but he was chosen almost 
without his consent to represent Haywood County in the constitu- 
tional convention of 1885. There he met with some of the intellec- 
tual giants of the State — Macon, Graham, Gaston, Badger, Bragg, 
Reid, and others; but Cathey from Haywood was no little man 
among them. He was respected in the convention, and though he 
rarely spoke his opinions were listened to with evident mark of 

Again in 1842 he was called from the quirt of his country life 
to serve a term in the State Senate. He had not sought the honor, 
hut it came to him as being the. one that was preferred to many. In 
the senate he was the quiet statesman without vanity or desire to 
exploit himself, and served his county in a manner that reflected 
honor upon himself and his constituents. Several times afterwards 


he w.-is solicited to run Cor the Legislature, bul always declined 
II.- could have secured the domination for congress from this district, 
hut In, tastes did nol Lead him thai way. He had no aspirations 
for public honors, preferring to live a quiet, peaceable life and 
follow those pursuits thai would is'-\>- peace and comforl to his 
family and add t" the general improvemenl of his county. 

When the Civil war came on Colonel Cathey, though too old 
for active service, was keenly alive to the interests of the South 
11. • was a stricl constructionisl and a secessionisl after he saw thai 
the union could no1 be peaceably maintained. During th- 
ill. • armies were in the field contending for the master} he was 
ever ;i deeply interested reader of the papers and an earnesl sym- 
pathizer with and supporter of the boys in gray thai wenl to the 
fronl from I Eaywood < lounty. 

After the conflicl was over and the State had been readmitted 
into the union, it was hard for him to accepl the situation, remain- 
ing an unreconstructed rebel to the day of his death. Be was an 
ardenl admirer of our governmenl in its besl days, bu1 during the 
period of reconstruction he would lamenl thai it was nol asll once 
He did uol live long enough to Bee the revival after the flood, 
but passed away fearing thai the besl days of the republic had 
gone by. 

As ,i business man and farmer Colonel Cathey was looked up 
to by his neighbors; as a legislator and citizen his opinions upon 
public questions had weight with the thoughtful; as a man he was 
respected and admired by a large number of persons. Be lived 
a useful life, which is still fresh in the memory of men. 

His drs. -.mi. hints still live among us honored and respected 
citizens. William T. Blaylock, presenl cashier of the Pirsl National 
Bank of Waynesville, is one of them. His mother, Nancy Louis. ■ 
c,i::i\ Blaylock. was a daughter of Colonel Cathey. Mr. Blaylock 
was bom near the presenl town of Canton, Nov. 15, 1869. Besides 
h >ing ! rained in "h.- school* of his u. iuhborhood he took a course al 
Emory and Henry ( lollege, Va. For six years he was connected \\ itli 
the Bank of Waynesville before accepting his presenl position. II. 
is prominenl in Masonic circles and presidenl of the Waynesville 

Besides Mr. Blaylock there ai ther BMmban of the family 

that occupied places of trust, and hold the esteen ot* those who 
know them. 


James Robert Love. 

James Robert Love, son of Colonel Robert Love and Mary 
Ann Dillard Love, was born in the month of November, 1798. 
His father was, at the time, prominent in the affairs of Buncombe 
County, having served three terms in the house of commons as one 
01 the members from Buncombe. 

As a boy James Robert played along the banks of Richland 
Creek and hunted in the mountains near by. He was taught the 
rudiments of reading, writing, and arithmetic in the elementary 
schools of that time, and later was sent to complete his education 
at Greenville, Tenn. He was an apt scholar, for at an early age m> 
showed depth of thought which marked him through life. 

Before reaching his majority he became interested with his 
father in the purchase of mountain lands. Large entries were male 
both in western North Carolina and East Tennessee, which laid the 
foundation of the immense Love estate which exists until the 

Soon after reaching his twenty-first year Mr. Love found him- 
self drifting into politics. He had no love for public life, but his ex- 
cellent qualities as a ready speaker and his good judgment 
brought him into prominence. In 1821, when he was just t>\ . nty- 
thre. years of age, he was elected as one of the members from 
Haywood to the house of Commons. His colleague id the house 
that year was Colonel Edmonston and in tin- Senate Hodge 
Rabourne. Mr. Love was re-elected in 1822. 1823. 1824, 1825, 1826 
and 1827. the elections then occurring annually. He was again 
elected in 1829 and 1830, serving again with Ninian Edmonston as 
his colleague. William Welch was then serving in the senate from 
this county. 

As a legislator Mr. Love was faithful and energetic. He became 
well known among the lawmakers and the officials of the State. 
His services were eminently satisfactory to his constituency, who 
sought to continue him in the position longer but he declined. 

While a member of the Legislature he met and married Miss 
Maria Williamson Coman. a beautiful and accomplished lady of Ral- 
eigh This union was signally blessed. Four sons and four daughters 
were born. The eldest son, James Coman, was a contractor on 
the East Tennessee and Virginia railroad in 1851 when the scourge of 
cholera visited Greenville where he was stationed. He was taken with 
the disease and died, Oct. 18th, of that year. The other sons, Colonel 
R. G. A. Love, Dr. S. L. Love, and Capt, M. H. Love, lived to make 
names for themselves, but have since passed away. The eldest 


laughter, Sarah Jane Burney, married Colonel William II. Thomaa 
and died April 17th, 1877. The other three daughters Margaret 
Elizabeth married Dr. W. L. Billiard, of Asheville, Mar) Josephine 
married Joseph A. Branner, of Jefferson City, Tenn., and Maria 
Malvine, wife of Colonel W. W. Stringfield are still living. 

Mi- [jove was much interested in railroad building and anx- 
iously looked forward bo the coming of the iron horse to Waynes- 
vill.\ He even predicted the coming of the road, gave rights of way 
through his land and the site where the first depot was built, and 
left provision in his will that each of his children should have a 
l„t adjacent to the depot. He died Nov. 22, 1863, while the greal 
war was raging and twenty years before the railroad, which he 
Fondly Imped for, was built 

In his life-time Mr. Love was noted for Ins kindness of heart, 

especially to the poor and friendless. Perhaps no mi E his time 

did more than he in relieving distress and in forwarding the mater- 
ial development of the county. 

William Welch. 

Among the earliest Bettlers on Richland Creek was John Welch, 
who mad.- entries of land before the organization of the county. He 
was prominent in the affairs of Buncombe County, and after Way- 
nesville was erected he at once became a leader in the new county. 

In 1809 he was elected the first senator from Kayw 1 to the 

General Assembly of North Carolina and re-elected in l s l". He 

was oi f the wealthiest and most influential citizens of the 

county at that time. 

William Welch, the subject of this sketch, was the sun ••!' John 
Welch and Dorcas Dillard Welch. He was horn April 8th, 1796. 
Nothing is known of the early educational advantages of the boy; 
but he must have 1 □ well educated, for specimens of his hand- 
writing show that he was well trained. The large business, also. 
which he afterwards carried on, displayed a knowledge Of men and 
matters, which comes only by good training. 

Soon after reaching his twenty-first year. Mr. Welch went on 
a prospecting trip to Missouri, where he remained for about two 
pears, getting hack in 1820. After returning to his natrv nnty he 

married Miss Martha Love, but she died within a year. He after- 
wards married Miss Mary Ann Love, sister of his former wife. 
From this union there were ten ehildren. namely: Robert V.. Mar- 


tha Elizabeth who married Benjamin J. Johnson and was the mother 
of Mrs. B. J. Sloan of Waynesville and Mrs. Alford of Georgia, 
John H.. Weston R.. Thaddens D.. Mary Louise who married Cap- 
tain AY. N. Freeman and moved to Texas. James L.. William P., 
Joseph N. who as captain of his company was killed at the battle 
of Piedmont in the Civil war. and Lucius Marcellus the youngest 
who is the only one still living. 

Mr. Welch was not fond of politics, but he was chosen as sena- 
tor from Haywood County in 1829, and re-elected in 1830. He was 
also a member, with Joseph Cathey. of the constitutional conven- 
tion of 1835. Besides being a member of the General Assembly 
he was for a long time clerk of the court, and an influential citizen. 

Fo*r a. long time Mr. Welch was a merchant in Waynesville 
and a hotelist. At the same time he carried on extensive farming 
operations, by which means he succeeded in amassing a considerable 

When the Civil war broke out he was too enfeebled by age to 
go to the frdnt, but he sent his boys, and they became gallant and 
patriotic soldiers. Mr. Welch was a close student of affairs during 
the four years of strife and was a firm believer in the justice of 
Southern cause. He watched the reports of the battles and marches 
with keen interest, and was steadfast in his faith in the righteous- 
ness of the contention of the South. 

On Feb. 6. 1865. while Colonel Kirk was making one of his 
raids through the county. Mr. Welch, who had been in poor health 
for a long time, sank under the disease and died. His body rests 
in Green Hill Cemeterv. 

William H. Thomas. 

Colonel William Holland Thomas was born on Pigeon River, 
near Sonoma, in Haywood County. Feb. 5. 1805. He was the son 
of Richard Thomas, who came from Virginia in 180:{. and Temper- 
ance Calvert, a descendant of the brother of Lord Baltimore. Soon 
after their marriage the couple came to North Carolina and settled 
in the beautiful and fertile Pigeon valley and began to build a home 
for themselves and their children. 

In lsiio. a short time before the birth of Colonel Thomas, 
Richard Thomas was drowned in the Pigeon River, thus leaving a 
widow with a child unborn. The mother was, however, a woman 
of unusually sound judgment and so raised the boy. training him 


herself largely in the elements of a good education. 

Thrown upon In. resources earlj in life the boj turned Ins 
attention to a business career, h. L820, wb,en be was just fifteen 
jrearsof age, he was employed bj Felis Walker as clerk in a store 
at Quallatown. [1 was agreed thai he would work for three years 
for his board and clothes and one hundred dollars in money. At 
tlu . ,. M( | f the three years Thomas received Mr. Walker's old Law 
books as pay. Be, however, go1 the good will of Walker's custom- 
ers which was worth much to him. Succeeding, in a year or two, 
to Mr. Walker's business position, upon the latter's removal to 
Mississippi, he launched oul upon his career as a business man. He 
pu i „,, B everaJ stores a1 differenl points in whal is now Jackson 
and Cherokee Counties. 

While ye1 in his teens and while he was a clerk in Felix 
Walker's store al Quallatown, Thomas became a favorite of the 
[ndian Chief Sonaguska, who was the head of the Cherokee tribe 
living al Quallatown near where Thomas was clerking. Sons, 
guska was a frequenl visitor to the store and became very friendly 
to roung Thomas. A little later Xonaguska had'the Indian Council 
al Qualla to adopl Thomas as a member of the tribe, and made a 
statemem thai he wished the white brother to Bucceed him al Ins 
death The old chief died in 1836, and, in accordance with Ins 
expressed wish. Mr. Thomas was chosen chief and continued in that 
position for many years. 

Prom 1836 to 1848 Mr. Thomas spenl much time in Washington 
City, being called there in the interesl of the Indians, over win. in he 
now exercised control and in whom be was deeply interested. There 
wa s much litigation between the Cherqkees and the government 
growing ou1 of land claims and Mr. Thomas was constantly em- 
ployed in taking care of the interests of the tribe. In Ins frequent 
visit, to the Capital City he was always courteously received by the 
presidents, especially by Andrew Jackson, who was an admirer oi 
M,. Thomas. Dunn- .-ill tins time thai the white chief was looking 
after the interests of the red men, his own business was aol neg- 

l nis business leurisht I an I he soon became a man 

of wealth as well as influence. 

When Jackson Counts was formeJ in 1850 Mr. Thomas was 
chosen to the State Senate and Berved in thai capacity until 1862. 
He was also a delegate from Jackson County to the Secession Con- 
vention of 1861, and Bigoted the ordinance that severed the relation 
existing between North Carolina and the other States of the union. 

Although Mr Thomas was uow in Ins fifty-seventh year and 


beyond the age for active military service he was authorized by 
President Jefferson Davis, with whom he was well acquainted, to 
raise a regiment for the Confederate service. Thomas spared 
neither time nor money to equip a regiment that would compare 
with the best in the service. The command was mustered into ser- 
vice at Knoxville, Tennessee, in the summer of 1862, and contained 
fourteen companies of white infautry from the counties of western 
North Carolina and a few from East Tennessee, four of Cherokee 
Indians who were true to Thomas, four of Cavalry, one of engineers, 
and one of artillery. The regiment was known on the official roster 
as the sixty-ninth North Carolina, but was known as "Thomas's 
Legion," as he was elected Colonel and put in command. James 

1. Love, of Jackson County, was chosen lieutenant-colonel and 

V. W, Stringfield. of Strawberry Plains, Tenn., was elected Major. 
Soon after its organization the regiment was ordered to 

Virginia and, under the command of Love and Stringfield, partici- 
pated in many of the great battles in that State. Colonel Thomas 
did not go with the regiment, but with a part of the command re-. 
mained in western North Carolina to protect this territory from the 
inroads of the Federals. During the whole period of the war he was 
the soul of the Confederate government in the western counties 
and was trusted and beloved by President Davis and other leaders. 
As already related, he was present at the last battle at the Sul- 
phur Springs on May 7, 1865 and forced Colonel Barltett to terms of 
surrender on May 10th, after which his legion then united was dis- 
banded, and he returned to his business relations. 

After the war Colonel Thomas turned his attention to the task 
of securing good roads for the county south of the Pigeon River. 
By legislative enactment he had turnpike roads built in different 
sections of the counties on which his influence was exerted. 

Perhaps his greatest achievement was in forcing, while he was 
a member of the Legislature from Jackson County during the 
seventies, the adoption of an amendment to the charier of the North 
Carolina railroad to extend the road to Ducktown. The proposition 
vas bitterly fought, but Colonel Thomas stuck to his text and finally 

ucceeded in seeing the amendment carried by a decisive majority. 
Thai amendment borught about the building of the Murphy branch. 
Colonel Thomas was married in 1858 to Miss Sarah J. Love, 
eldest daughter of Colonel James R. Love and a grand-daughter 
of Colonel Robert Love. His home was in Jackson County on the 
Tuckaseigee River, on the spot where General Rutherford routed 
the Cherokees in battle in 1776. He left three children, William 


11.. Jr., who lives in .larks.. ii County, Jas. K. who is b residenl of 
\Va\ nrs\ - ■ 1 1 • - _ and Sallie Love who is i h<- wife of Judge A. C .Avery, 
..I Morganton. 

William Kicks. 

Rev. William Hicks, while not a native of Haywooil County, 
Bpenl an important portion of h>s life here and, therefore, deserves 
mention. He was born, aboul L820, in Sullivan County, Tennessee. 
mar the pres< nt town «>t Union. Not much h is been learned of 

his ancestors, hut it is quite certain that they were among the back- 
woodsmen of 1781 that assembled againsl Ferguson at Sycamore 
Shoals and dislodged him from his fortified position .it Kings 

Mr. Hicks, when a hoy. went to the country schools of Mast 

Tennessee and rapidly displayed ihe talent for learning and public 
Bpeaking which he afterwards exhibited to such a marked degrr e. 
tie also attended a session or two at Emory and Henry College, 
Virariiua, and imbibed freely of the college spirit and also ol thai 
learning which served him in Buch good stead later in life, lie bo- 
came a Methodist preacher and served some churches in Kast 

Tennessee in the forties. 

', Being appointed presiding elder of the Asheville distvH 

of the Ilolston conference, Mr. Hicks resided during Ins 
term of office in Asheville. lie first came to this county in 1848. 

In that year he held quarterly conference at Bethel, the firsl be 

held in this county. There he met with many of the Haywood 

County people and formed a most favorable impression of the 

county and the people. He was the presiding elder of this district 
four years. After retiring from that position he edited a religious 
newspaper in Asheville. "The Herald id' Truth." for a few years. 

Aboul 1855 Mr. Hicks and Rev. -I. K. Long buil1 a large school 
building near the mouth of Richland ami Raccoon Creeks and 
gave it the name of Tuscola. Although the school has long since 
passed away the name yet remains. The school thus established here 
flourished until the beginning of the Civil war. when it. along with 
many other enterprises, closed. 

Mr. Hicks was ;i Btrong Whig in politics and a union man as 
long as such principles could he honorably maintained, hut when 

he saw that the union could nol he maintained he became a secession 
democrat. He was elected to represent Hayw I County in the 


memorable convention of 1861 and signed the ordinance of secession. 
His ready eloquence and commanding ability won him recognition 
in that convention of giants. He believed in secession, but did not 
believe that the withdrawal of the Southern States from the union 
necessarily meant war. He believed that the Southern States would 
be allowed to depart in peace, and often said on the stump that all 
the blood that would be shed in the conflict could be wiped up 
with a linen handkerchief. 

He enlisted in the 16~i North Carolina regiment as Chaplain 
and served in that capacity for a year when he resigned and re- 
turned to this county, resuming his duties as teacher and preacher. 
After the war he moved to Webster, Jackson County, and taught 
there for two years. In 1868 he was appointed presiding elder with 
headquarters at Hendersonville and served four years. 

After this second term was out he moved back to Webster in 
1873 and resumed his school. Later he moved to Quallatown and 
taught until he was appointed to a district in West Virginia about 
1877 and there died. 

Captain James W. Terrell, of Webster, who knew Mr. Hicks, 
has the following to say of his eloquence as a public speaker: 
' ' Permit me further to add that while a good deal of his personality 
may be gathered from what I have hurriedly written, I have failed 
to fully express his main predominating quality as a public speaker. 
With his .fine gestures, graceful position, blazing black eyes, elegant 
and faultless posture a little above the common size and height, 
and the trumpet tones of his sonorous voice he was the model of 
gracefulness in the pulpit as on the platform, and when the spirit 
was fully on him I have never heard his eloquence surpassed." 

Samuel Leonidas Love. 

Haywccd County, throughout her history, has had only two 
men to he elected to a State office, One of these was Dr. Samuel 
L. Love, who was bora August 25th. 1828 and died July 7th. 
1887, his entire life being spent within the county and for the most 
part in his native town of Waynesvillo. He was the son of James 
R. Love and Maria Williamson Coman Love. 

In early life he attended the schools of his neighborhood, where 
he was partly prepared for college. He afterwards attended a 
session or two at Washington College, Tennessee. Later, he at- 


tended lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, where lie re- 
ceived his diploma as .1 graduate in medicine. 

Local iiiL p iii Waynesville for the practice of his profession he 

Boon won recognition and I ame a leading physician and citizen. 

He made Friends rapidly, and speedily l ame oi f the mosl 

popular men in the county. While having a g I practice he was 

led into politics in 1856; and thai year was elected to the lower 
branch of the State Legislature and re-elected in 1858, I860, 1862, 
;iikI 1864. His services in the Legislature occupied the entire 
period of the agitation leading up to the war between the States 
;mk1 during the continuance oi thai struggle. 

In addition to his duties in ili«' General Assembly he was ap 
pointed in 1861 by Governor Ellis as surgeon on the staff of the 
chief executive, t<> which pnsiiinn he was reappointed by Governor 
Vance in 1862. He served in thai capacity throughoul the war, 
and was a mosl valuable man in thai trying and importanl depart- 
ment oi public service. 

After the •■ ar Dr. Love resumed the practice of his profession. 

He was successful in building up ;i verj large practice for ;i try 

physician.* His talents, however, were ool allowed to !>«■ bestowed 
entirely upon medicine. In I s ".") when the county was called upon 

to Bend ;i man to H onstitutional convention a1 Raleigh, th< 

of the county turned toward Dr. Love and he was elected to thai 
important body. 

As a member of thai convention I>r. Love made a record thai 

the county was proud of. lie was always found u] the safe m<I<- 

oi the numerous questions thai came up t'«»r decision. His judgmenl 
was relied upon by his colleagues "f both political parties, ;ni<l 
whenever he spoke his words were listened \<> with respeel and 
confidence. In thai convention he made a reputation thai broughl 
to him the nomination for st;ii«' Auditor the m-Nt year on the 
tickel with Zebulan B. Vance. 

In the memorable campaign of 1 S 7<; \)v. Love, being on 
tin- ticket, took an active interest. He was energetic in Ins corres- 
pondence and other campaign endeavors. When the votes were 
counted it was found that he was elected by ;i larger majority than 
any other member of the ticket, getting more votes than Vance 
himself. He entered upon the duties of the office of State Auditor 
Jan. 1. L877 and served until his term of office expired Jan. l. 1881 

Returning to Waynesville he retired to private lit - '- and con- 
tinued i" hold the respeel and confidence of the people until his 
death in 1887. II.- lefl thr shildren, Margaret Elizabeth, Maria 


Williamson, and Robert Gustavus Adolphus. The first is now Mrs. 
H. B. Marshall, of Philadelphia, the second died in young girlhood, 
and the third is now chief of police of Waynesville. 

Dr. Love was married twice. His first wife was Miss Rachel 
Boyd and his second was Miss Margaret Harrison. He was a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and a communicant of the 
Episcopal Church. 

Robert Gustavus Adolphus Love. 

Colonel Robert G. A. Love, son of James R. and Maria W. Love, 
was born in Waynesville Jan. 4. 1827. and died May 24. 1880. He 
was a grallant Confederate officer, well beloved by the men who 
served under him and praised and honored by the officers who held 
positions ever him. 

In youth Colonel Love had the meagre advantages of an educa- 
tion that the times afforded. He was schooled in the rudiments of 
English .with some mathematics and science in the schools of his 
native town. He was then sent to Washington College, Tenn.. where 
he took rank as a student. Completing his course there before he 
was twenty years old he returned to Waynesville and at once be- 
came active in the political affairs of Haywood County. 

When he was barely twenty-one he was nominated and elected 
to the lower house of the State Legislature and, though but a boy, 
ably represented in that body the interests of his constituents. He 
was Haywood's only representative that year. Colonel William H. 
Thomas being in the Senate but elected by Haywood, Henderson, 
and Jackson as one senatorial district. Mr. Love was re-elected in 
1850, 1852, and 1854, retiring from office at the end of that time 
but not from an active participation in everything that pertained 
to the upbuilding of the county and town. 

In 1858 he was chosen Colonel of the militia of Haywood 
County and often drilled the companies that assembled on the green 
in that part of Waynesville that was located between where the 
Temple lot is now and the present site of Bishop Atkins, residence. 
Colonel Love was a very handsome man, and on all occasions acted 
the real soldier as be was. 

Wben North Carolina seceded in 1861 Colonel Love ardently 
embraced the cause of the South. He early directed his energies 
toward enlisting trained troops for the Confederate service, and was 
honored by being elected Captain of the first company that went out 


from Haywood County. He had not been in the Bervice long before 
Ins splendid ability as a tactician was recognized, and be waa 
choaeD lieutenant-colonel of the sixteenth regimenl of North Caro- 
lina troopa. In capacity be proved bimaelf a brave and gallanl 
Boldier. He waa in Borne of the bardeal foughl battles in Virginia 
and Btood the rigors of the campaign of 1861 with calm determi- 

His health gave way, however, in the winter of 1861-62 and he 
waa obliged to resign his commission. Coming home he I »< lt.-i 1 1 to 
recuperate and, with the soldier instinct in him he could ool be 
content. Before he was fully recovered he set aboul raising another 
regimenl for the Bervice. He waa successful in getting together a 
i oi men from this and adjoining counties and at once organ 
i/.i-.l them into tin- sixty-second regi oi with himself as colonel. 

This r< gimenl did splendid Bervice in Virginia and Tennessee, 
being accounted one of the besl equipped in the Bervice. Colonel 
Love, however, was unequal physically to undergo the hardships of 
camp life. When the war was over he returned home broken in 
health and disabled. He aever recovered. His life, however, was 
prolonged until 1880, but he never engaged further into active life. 

Colonel Love was uever married. His body rests in Green Hill 

Francis M. Davis. 

Francis ffcGee Davis, boh of Philip Davis and Margarel McGee, 
was born in Fines Creek township, Augusl 15, 1825, and died 
August 1-Jth. 1!>ii:{. lacking one day of rounding out seventy-eight 
years. !ii> ancestors were among the courageous pioneers who first 
brought civilization to these mountain coves. His grand father 
Davis was with John Sevier a1 the battle of Bangs .Mountain and 
with Genera] Green at Guilford Courthouse. After the close of the 
Revolution he settled in this part of North Carolina and began to 
build ;i home, and reared a large family. 

Prank Davis, as he was called, was horn and reared in a neigh- 
borhood famed for its lovely scenery and thrifty people. Winn 

eight years old he was senl to Bchool, but his school-days, at that 

time, lasted only two months. At that early age he displayed 
decided talent, but his advantages were cut short. He was a boy 

on the farm until he was eighteen when he again L r ot a chance to 
gO to school and went three months. It may he he supposed that 


during that brief time he learned more than the average boy does. 
At twenty years of age he again had the opportunity of attending 
school two and a half months, making his entire school life seven 
and a half months. 

On Oct. 21, 1817, he married Angeline Ferguson and began 
u-v.-i.ive life as a farmer in what is now Iron Duff township. He soon 
became a leader among his neighbors in everything that looked 
toward the improvement of farm life. He was a believer in fine 
stock and spared no effort to improve the breed of cattle upon his 
place. By good judgment and the skill which, as a thoughtful 
farmer, he always displayed, he won success and accumulated con- 
siderable property, while not wealthy yet in easy circumstances. 

During the Civil war he was a member of the home guards and 
performed military service in protecting the county from the rav- 
ages of the bushwhackers. Immediately after the war he was 
solicited to become a candidate for sheriff. He consented and was 
elected, holding that position during 1866 and 1867. 

In 1874 he became a candidate for the State Legislature and 
was elected, being re-elected in 1876, 1878, and in 1880. About him 
as a political leader Judge G. S. Ferguson has this to say: "In the 
campaigns which he made for the legislature, as well as many he 
made for his party when he was not a candidate, he proved himself 
to be a master of political debate, thoroughly acquainted with the 
principles of government, the policies of his party and the needs 
of the people. As a legislator he was careful to look after the local 
interests of his immediate constituents and attentive to general 
legislation. Conservative and wise, his counsel was sought and 
opinions listened to with respect by the ablest men of the State. 
He was not a man of extensive vocabulary but he understood the 
meaning of the words he used, selected them Well, talked to the 
point, and was one of the most, if not most, effective public speakers 
Haywood County has produced." 

"Sir. Davis was an active mason. He was also a member of the 
M. E. Church, South. His influence was always exerted on the side 
of the highest type of morality and Christian virtue. He was 
temperate in all his habits, not even using tobacco. He regarded 
both the use of tobacco and intoxicating liquors as an evil and 
advised against both. He was a prohibitionist from principle. In 
the prohibition campaign of 1881 he took the stump for the measure 
and was largely instrumental in enrolling Haywood as one of the 
six counties to give a prohibition victory that year. 

Of his thirteen children nine are living. One daughter, Lorena, 


i8 the wido* of the late Captain AT Rogers. Eight sons, . v J. 
S.virs.D.viaiE/R.D.via.T.JD.VU.^C.Dav^DrP^^and Dr. J. C Davie, are useful e.t>sens servmg well theii 

( |;i\ ;ni<l irenerat ion. , . . . 

' Mr Davis was a man of w lerful indnatrj and energy H» 

J^ w d stmarveions. Kewas.bleto. »»„,■«, 

,„,,,;, nappe I long ago, and tr.dit.on, «*-*£* 

were handed down tb hi, treasured np and was able to retell 

with astonishing minuteness. 

James Montraville Moody. 

Hay* I Count; Has had three me represent the^Aah e yiUe 

district in the National Congress. The first was Felix Wker, £o 

Jm in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth greases. 1 h- 

A, „ .1. M. II ly, who served in the fifty-seventh p 

T,,:., !ls1 isthe present ...emlifc.W.*^*^^^^ 
four terms and has been nominated for the fifty. 

James MontraviUe M ly, the subject of this sketch was born 

,,,,, l2 1858 in Cherokee County While ye1 an infan his parents 

LedloHayw I County and settled on Jonathan's Creek, where 

he L „ew np. He attended the oeighborh I schools and go1 

such training as they Od supply. He was naturally a pi .ous 

boy ^ was ambitious to become a leading Lawyer 

" \, th e , £ seventeen he eame to Waynesville and beg 

Lrseofstudj a1 the WaynesviUe andoj. There he remained 

tw0 years under the tutelage of Mr. John K.B », wh o was at the 

time principal of the school. M Ly was an. ap1 scholar and did 

himself credit as a student. After finishing his course there he 
then went to the Collegiate institute at Candler in Buncombe County, 

where he remained for more than a year. 

Coming t0 Waynesville he studied Law, s1 1 the examination 

Eor license, and was admitted to the bar in 1881. For five years he 

was an earnesl studenl of the Law, and became oi I the best 

read lasers at the Hayw I County bar. b 1886 he was nomi- 

oatedbythe Republicans for the position of solicitor oi the twelfth 
j ud icial district, defeating Judge G. S. Ferguson, who was the Dem- 
ocratic candidate. He served in this capacity four years ..,.1 dis- 

,.,,.,, i the duties of the office in an entirely satisfactory manner. 

I„ iv. I .Mr. was elected to the Benate from the thirty- 

Eonrth senatorial district, the district il.-.. containing Hayw I. 

Bnncombe and Madison Counties. He proved to 1- an able repre- 
sentative, ever on the alert for the interests of his county and 
diatrict. He served for two years ••<- senator. 


February 15th, 1898 the whole county became excited and 
aroused over the destruction of the battleship Maine in Havanna 
harbor supposedly by Spanish hands. That catastrophe brought on 
the Spanish-American war. though knowledge of the cause was 
stoutly denied by the Spanish government. Moody was one of the 
first from North Carolina to volunteer for the war. He was ap- 
pointed major and chief commissary of United States Volunteers 
and served on the staff of Major-General J. Warren Keifer, who com- 
manded the First Division of the Seventh Army Corps. As an officer 
Major Moody was diligent and careful in the discharge of duty. 

Resigning his position in the United States army, at the close 
of hostilities, he returned to Waynesville and resumed the practice 
of law and soon built up a large business. In 1900 he was nominated 
by the Republicans for Congress from the Ninth district against 
W. T. Crawford, who had already served three times, both candidates 
being from Waynesville. At the polls Major Moody was elected, 
and served one term lacking about four weeks. In 1902 he was again 
nominated for Congress but was defeated by J. M. G-udger. Jr.. 
of Asheville. 

During the winter of 1902 and 1903 Major Moody's health be- 
came bad; and in January 1903. he came home with the death dew 
upon his forehead. He lingered until Februray 5 when he passed 
away. He was in the prime of life and gave promise of many more 
years of usefulness. 

On May 20th. 1885 Mr. Moody married Margaret E. Hawkins 
and from this union six children survive, James M. Jr., Jessie, 
Mary. Elizabeth. Keifer, and Margaret. 

Thomas Isaac Lenoir. 

Haywood County's first representatives in the lower house of 
the General Assembly were Thomas Love and Thomas Lenoir, two 
old heroes who had fought the British and the Indians in the times 
that tried men's souls. Colonel Thomas Lenoir came from Wilkes 
County to what is now Haywood about the closing year of the 
eighteenth century and bought from the State large tracts of land 
on the East Fork of Pigeon River and engaged in farming and 
stock raising. In this he was successful. He had one of the largest 
negro quarters in the county and governed his slaves with such a 
Christian spirit that he always got from them obedience and re- 
verence. After being in the county more than thirty years Colonel 
Lenoir moved back to his old home in Wilkes County where he 
died about 1850. 

A worthv son of this noble sire was Thomas Isaac Lenoir, who 


w;,s born al the homestead on Pigeon River, August 26th, L817. He 
grew up as ;i country boj tutored bj nature and schooled in all 
the fine feelings that make up a bapp; life. After getting the train- 
ing thai was afforded l y the c i ry Bchools of his day, be was Bent 

to the State Universitj where be took an extensive course. Finish- 
ing there be Bpenl a few years in Wilkes County where his father 
was then living. 

About l s l7 be returned to Haywood County and took charge 
oi the large estate of his father. He turned his attention to the 
development of the resources ol his father's farms. He was a be- 
liever in fine stuck. He was. perhaps, the lirsi m this part of the 
State tu introduce fine Btockraising. His blooded cattle were the 
finesl ever Been in Haywood County up to thai time. 

During the agitation leading up to the Civil war Mr. Lenoir's 
sympathies were always with the Smith, and when the storm ol war 
hurst upon the land he at once volunteered. He raised a company 

of soldiers, about nine-tenths oi them being fr Pigeon and East 

Pork townships, and was elected Captain by the unanimous vote of 
the men composig it. Later, the company and regiment were re- 
organized and Captain Lenoir returned home, having passed the age 
limit for active service. 

An ,-i farmer and stock-raiser Captain Lenoir is chiefly remem- 
bered. He was the pi er who blazed the way for the strides that 

have since been made. In t h is industry in Haywood County 

Captain Lenoir's neighbors were all benefited by his zeal and en- 
thusiasm in this branch of endeavor. 

On dune Li. 1861, Captain Lenoir was married to .Miss Mary 
Elizabeth Garrette. Prom this union three children were born: 
Mary Lenoir Michal, Laura Lenoir, ami Sara Lenoir Hickerson. 
Captain Lenoir was a member of the Episcopal Church. He died 
dan. 5th, 1881 at his home on Pigeon River. 

Humphrey P. Haynes. 

In the making of Haywood County the Haynes family has played 
an important part. Prom the earliest times members of the family 

have held conspicuous positions in the eivil, religious and eduea- 
* ional life of their communil ies. 

One of the mo<t honored representatives of the family was 

Humphrey Posey Haynes, who was horn at Pigeon Rivpr (Canton) 

• !;h. 1824,and died in August, 1895. His father. Rev. William 


Haynes, born in the same township, was well known as a local 
preacher and an earnest Christian worker. His mother was Elizabeth 
Hood, daughter of Allen Hood who came to this county from 

Mr. Haynes was. in his day, one of the foremost men of Hay- 
wood County in all that makes for good citizenship, and as such 
was honored with subtantial evidence of the confidence and respect 
of his fellow citizens. In 1872 he was elected as a member of the 
lower house of the State Legislature and served with signal ability 
for one term. In 1880 he was chosen as a member of the Board of 
County Commissioners and served as chairman of the board two 

His public services were patriotic and unselfish, which is shown 
by the high esteem in which his memory is held to-day. 

Mr. Haynes was twice married, his first wife being Nancy V. 
Leatherwood to whom he was married Feb. 18, 1817. The children 
now living of this union are Rev. J. M. Haynes, well known as a 
Baptist minister, William J. Haynes, who served two or three terms 
as sheriff of the county and is now living in AYaynesville, Rufus 
P. Haynes. F. Cansler Haynes. now serving his second term as eounty 
commissioner, and Mrs. Sallie E. Robinson. 

His second wife was Jerusha E. Ownby whom he married April 
2, L865. The living children of this union are Etta, widow of the 
late J. Wiley Shook. J. II. Haynes. Mark P. Haynes. F. E. Haynes, 
a prominent and prosperous merchant of Clyde, who by toil and 
industry has built up a produce business that brings thousands of 
dollars to the farmers of the county. Mrs. Mattie E. Rich. Robert II. 
Haynes. Mrs. Sarepta Caldwell. Lola K.. .Airs. Pearl McLaughlin, 
Airs. Maude White, and Grover C. Haynes. 

William P. Welch. 

Captain William Pinckney Welch was born in Waynesville, 
November 14th, 1838, and died in Athens. Ga., March is. 1896. He 
was of patriotic ancestry, his mother's father, Robert Love, having 
served in his youth as a Lieutenant in the army of the Revolution. 
His father. William Welch, was a son of John Welch, one of the 
earliest settlers in this county. The family came to this pari of I lie 
State soon after the Revolution from Philadelphia, Pa. 

With such training as the neighborhood schools afforded the 
boy Pink was sent to Ashcville to school. There he was prepared 

tor college by the father of General Stephen l> Lee, oi Mississippi. 
Id ■ then took a course in Bmorj and Henry College, Va., Leaving 
there in May, 1861, to enter as a volunteer the Confederate service. 
He enlisted in the Becond company thai left Ins native county, which 

company becan orapanj C of the twenty-fifth regimenl of Korth 

( larolina infanl i\ . 

In the organization Mr. Welch was chosen firsl Lieutenant. The 
regiment, after being stationed a1 Asheville for ;i brief time, was 
ordered i" Wilmington, and was on duty on the coasi of North ;hi<1 
Smith Carolina until the early summer <>t' 1862, when ii was ordered 
to Virginia. Reaching Richmond about the firsl of June of thai year, 
the regimenl was in the thickesl of the seven days battles from 

Gaines Mil] to Malvern Hill. In .-ill this baptism of bl I Lieutenant 

Welch Berved with distinguished gallantry and earned tli«' praise 
of his Buperior officers. 

After the retreal of McClellan Lieutenant Welch's company be- 
came attached, with the twenty-fifth regiment, to General Robert 
Ransom's brigade of Longstreet 's Corps, [n all the subsequent cam- 
paigns, including the battles of Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg, his 
company played a very important and conspicuous part. 

Afterwards Lieutenant Welch took pari in the campaign in 
North Carolina in 1864. lit- was at the battle of Kinston and in the 
Plymouth campaign, in both instances being distinguished for 
in -ss and gallantry under fire. At Bermuda Hundreds, near Peters- 
burg, Va., he played a heroic pari in the defeat of Butler and the 
bottling up <>f his army by i f h- forces of General Beauregard. 

Late in i s ' ; l Lieutenanl Welch was transferred to the engineer 
corps with the rank of Captain and continued in thai line of duty 
tin- remainder of the war. While in the discharge of his duty he 
was once wounded in one of the numerous battles near Petersburg, 
and surrendered with Lee a1 Appomattox. 

No officer of his regimenl was more popular than < laptain Welch. 
The Burvivors in Haywood County have honored the memory of 
him by naming their organization the "Pink Welch Camp of the 
United < lonfederate Veterans." 

After the war Captain Welch studied Law and opened an office 

for the practice of the same in Waynesville. He I ame a very 

jsful lawyer and buill np an extensive practice. As a public 

speaker he sunn I ame noted, and In consequence was drawn into 

politics. He was elected to a seal in the Lower house of the State 
[legislature in 1868 and again in 1870. En those memorable sessions 
of the General Assembly Captain Welch took a prominenl part. 


In the impeachment proceedings of 1870 against Governor W. W. 
Holding he was active and aggressive. He was a member of the 
judiciary committee that drew up the charges of high crimes and 
misdemeanors against the governor, and aided in the prosecution of 
'h' case at the bar of the Senate. His speech on that oecasiou was 
eloquent and effective. 

Captain Welch's legislative experience did not end with the con- 
viction and deposition of Governor Holden. In 187-1 he was chosen 
t., represent in the State Senate the forty-first senatorial district, 
composed of Henderson, Haywood, and Transylvania counties. 

Polities, however, had no fascination for Captain Welch. Even 
before his term of office as senator had expired he had planned to 
leave North Carolina, give up law and politics, and go into the 
cotton manufacturing business in Athens, Ga. In 1876 he moved to 
that place and became interested in the Georgia Manufacturing 
Company with mills at White Hall. In that business he remained 
until his death in 1896. 

Captain Welch was married twice, first to Miss Sarah Cathey. 
daughter of Colonel Joseph Cathey, and second, January 26. 1875, 
to Margaretta Richards White, Daughter of John White and sister 
of John R. and Captain James White, of Athens, Ga., Their only 
son, John White Welch, is now a resident of the same eity. 

Dr. Robert V. Welch. 

Robert Vance Welch was born in Haywood County, Dec. 4th, 
1822and died Jan. 12th, 1899. He was a son of William and Mary 
(Love) Welch, and a grandson of Colonel Robert Love. 

After getting the rudiments of an education in his native county 
1he boy, now almost a young man, was sent to finish his academic 
course at Washington College, Tennessee. There he studied for 
some years before going to the medical college at the University 
of Kentucky, from which he was graduated as an M. D. One 
singular thing about this part of his life is the fact that, when he 
went to college, he rode horseback all the way to Lexington, Ky., 
took his negro servant with him, and kept the negro and the two 
horses in Lexington the whole time he was in school there. 

After receiving his diploma Dr. Welch settled in Waynesville 
and began the practice of his profession. He continued his practice 
for some years, until a diseased leg forced him to retire from a"ctiVe 

work. In 1862 he was a Burgeon in the Confederate army, and served 
acceptably in thai capacity . 

Dr. Welch was. for a number of years, engaged in the mercantile 
p in Jackson County. He also did a large business as con- 
tractor for the transportation of goods over the old State turnpike 
en Asheville and Cherokee. He invested extensively in real 
eatat< and other properties during his life, and a1 the time of his 
death had amassed a considerable fortune. 

Positive in Bpeech and in action Dr. Welch had considerable 
influence in his community. He was a prominenl member of the 
Baptisl Church to which he always contributed liberally. 

Dr. Welch in early life was married to Miss Mary C. Peebles 
of Easl Tennessee. Seven children were the fruits of this union, 
Julius C. who lives at the old homestead aboul two miles from 
Waynesville, Samuel C, a prominenl and successful lawyer of 
Waynesville, Marietta who is the wife of Dr. J. Howell Way, of 
Waynesville and Nora I... now Mrs. H. P. Ashton, of Chattanooga, 

Other Builders. 

Besides those whose brief biographies have been given there 
were others whose deeds were Buch as to entitle them to sketches 
of like nature, but owing t<» the difficulties in getting at the facts 

only a brief mention can be made «.t' them. 

John McFarland was one of the earliest settlers and from 
the tirst was among the most influential men in the county. He 
was tor four years senator from this county in the General As., -m 
hly of North Carolina and was prominent in farming and hnsiness 

circles. He owned large tracts of land in Beaverdam ami Pigeon 


Hodge Baboume was another one of the old settlers, lie served 
the county seven years in the senate and had much to do with the 

early progress ,,f the county. 

dames Welch, Thomas Tatham. William I'arham. William Sitfm. 
.lames Gudger, and Michael [-Yam-is. each served the eoiinty in 

the senate. John Dobson, Joseph Chambers, John Steveson, Daniel 
McDowell, Benjamin dark. Benjamin S. Brittain, John I.. Smith. 
Joseph H. Walker. Joseph Keener, and Andrew Ferguson, all Berved 

terms in the house of eoiiimons and acquitted well. 

Rev. D. C. Howell, of Jonathan's Creek, was one of the I, est men 


of the county. He was a minister of the Methodist denomination 
and did much in building up his part of the county. He died about 
four years ago at a ripe old age. 

Hon. W. G. B. Garrett was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention of 1868. He was for a long time the leading Republican in 
the county. Mr. Garrett died in 1905. 

Hon. Thomas D. Johnson, late of Asheville, was born in Way- 
nesville. but moved to Asheville while still a boy. He represented 
the district in congress two terms. While not living in Haywood 
at the time that the honor came to him he was always claimed as a 
Haywood County man. 

Colonel J. Wiley Shook, of Clyde, was perhaps the most gifted 
man the county has had. He was versatile and sarcastic to a 
merciless degree. For some time he was employed in the office of the 
collector of internal revenues at Asheville. His writings for the 
newspapers were bright and cutting. He died in 1907. 

John Killian, of Ivy Hill, was one of the substantial citizens 
of that township. His influence among his neighbors was always for 
the uplifting of the community. 

James McKee, X. G. Howell, and J. B. Allison all served as 
sheriffs of Haywood County at different periods. Their impress 
has been left upon the life of the county. 

"William Johnson, father of Hon. T. D., was a merchant in Way- 
nesville for a long time and assisted in the early development of the 

Robert L. Owen, who lived on the Jonathan Creek road and died 
in 1907. was a farmer. He was one of the most remarkable men of 
his day. His life was clean and his thoughts singularly pure. He 
was a scholar in many subjects notwithstanding the fact that his 
education was limited. 

Jacob Shook was one of the first settlers on Pigeon River. He 
was living in that locality in 1786 when his son. David Shook was 
born. He moved in from Lincoln County soon after the Revolution. 
David Shook, his son born in 1786 near where Clyde is now. lived 
to the ripe old age of 96. He built the first frame house in the 
county, made his nails himself with which he put on the timbers and 
sawed the lumber with a whip-saw. The house is still standing. 

David \V. Shook, Jr. 


Haywood County by Townships. 

In the earliest days of the county there were no townships. 
In all the territory west of the Buncombe Comity line to Tennessee 
and round to the northern line of Georgia there were only two voting 
precincts. It cost something in those days to vote, for long toil- 
some journeys had to be made to the polling places. One of these 
places was at John Howell's near the month of Raccoon Creek. The 
other was at Soco beyond the Balsam range in what is now Jackson 
County. As the population increased other precincts were added. 
In 1869 by act of the Legislature they were called townships. For 
a long number of years there were only six townships in the county. 
namely. Waynesville, Fines Creek. Crabtree, Pigeon, 
and Beaverdam. There are now thirteen of them. The story of these 
divisions is interesting not only to the people living in them but 
to other parts of the county as well. 


AVaynesville, one of the oldest of the townships, was established 
in 1809 as a precinct, and included at first a large part of the 
county. Later, other townships were formed out of its territory until 
now it contains only about forty square miles and a population in 
1900 of 3,908 and in 1908 of about 5.000. The chief products are 
corn, potatoes, wheat, oats, apples, cattle, lumber, and furniture. 
The taxable valuation of property in 1908 is over $4,000,000. 

There are two incorpated towns in the township. AVaynesville 
and Hazelwood. The history of the township, therefore, naturally 
clusters around the two towns, and the story of the towns will be 
the story of the township. 


Before Haywood became a county the ridge between Richland 
and Raccoon, upon which "Waynesville is now beautifully situated, 
was known as Mount Prospect. The name was probably given to it 
when the army of General Rutherford, in 1776, encamped upon it. 
Rutherford was in pursuit of the Indians, who were fleeing before 
him. His army crossed the Pigeon River near where Canton is now, 
encamped for a day at Mount Prospect, defeated the Indians in a 
skirmish near Balsam gap, and pursued them into East Tennessee 
where he defeated them in battle and destroyed their villages and 
crops forcing them to sue for peace. At that early time, before the 
white man had plowed a furrow. Mount Prospect was known to the 
adventurer, who occasionally passed this way to and from the set- 
tlements on the Holston and the Nollichucky beyond the Great 

After the Revolution when the first settlers began to come into 
this neighborhood the beauty of Mount Prospect was recognized. A 
gently sloping plateau of some twenty-eight hundred feet above sea 
level with a creek, affording natural drainage on either side, struck 
the eye of the prospectors as being an ideal spot for a home; and 
here many of the old Revolutionary soldiers, who were pioneers at 
heart, seeking for favorable lands upon which to locate, drove down 
their stakes and asked for grants from the government. Among 
these old settlers we find the names: Welch, Love, Francis, Allen, 
Killian, Hyatt, Miller, Dobson, Howell, and others. 

In a few years when the population in and about Mount 
Prospect became numerous enough to form the neucleus of another 
county a petition was sent to the General Assembly praying for the 
organization of the county of Haywood. That petition was granted, 
the county was erected, and the court house and jail located at 
Mount Prospect. The name was changed to Waynesville at the 
suggestion of Colonel Robert Love, who donated the sites for the 
public buildings. The name "Waynesville" is used for the first 
time in the records of the court of pleas and quarter sessions in 

For more than sixty years the growth of the town was re- 
markably slow. At the close of the Civil war it was nothing more 
than a mountain hamlet. There were about fifteen families living 
within the town and the population numbered about seventy-five. 
There were two stores at that time and one hotel kept by a Mrs. 
Battle. The extreme length of Main Street was Judge Gudger'a 
home on the South and William Ray's where Dr. R. L. Allen now 
lives, on the North. 


Among the citizens of thai time, immediately following the 
Civil war, were W. U Tate, a lawyer who had moved in from Burke 
County, Colonel 8. C. Bryson, a lawyer who moved t.. T.- the 
same year, John B. Fitzgerald, a lawyer but aol practicing, Michael 
EVancia, who had been prominenl in tin- politics of the county for a 
lciiL r time I'm who sliuiiK moved away, AJden Howell, W. I.. N'..r- 
wood, J. C. L. Gudger, W. P. Welch, G. S. Ferguson, and W. B. 
Ferguson, all of whom bad recently Becured licenses to practice law 
Among the physicians were L)rs. S. L. Dove, II. M. Rogers, <!. D. S. 
Allen, and K. V. Welch. 

Main Street, Looking South. 

Oth.-r citizens were S. -I. Shelton, K. <;. A. Love, T. D. Welch, 
William Bay, hiid others whose Dames mighl be mentioend. These 
citizens with olhers formed the neucleus from which Wayne 
has been built 

In 1871, by ;i<-t of Legislature, Waynesville was incorporated 
with a municipal government. The population at that time was less 
than two hundred, but there were Borne siu'iis of growth. The Hay- 
wood White Sulphur Springs Hotel was opened in 1 s "v In that year 
its managemenl began to advertise the attractions of Waynesville, 


and tourists began to find their way to this part of the "land of 
the sky." 

Some time in 1882 the railroad was completed to Waynesville, 
and the first engine with a train of cars pulled up to the station 
that year. It was a great occasion for the town. The next year the 
North Carolina Teachers Assembly met at the Springs Hotel, and 
in a few years the little mountain hamlet, before isolated and un- 
known, was heard of throughout North Carolina. 

Still the growth was slow. In 1890 the population was only 
455. But by that year some spirit of growth and genuine enterprise 
began to display itself. Hotels were built and boarding houses began 
to multiply in number to accommodate the increasing tide of sum- 
mer guests. By 1895 the town began to assume some of the airs 
of a progressive community. The Waynesville Library Association 
was organized and at once opened a public library that loaned books 
on subscription. 

In 1-899 the town voted bonds for graded schools ana electric 
lights. In September that year the graded school began with 210 
pupils, and has since grown to 800. The same year a system of 
electric lights was installed, which has since been greatly improved 
by getting power from the electric plant established in 1905 on 
Pigeon Kiver by B. J. Sloan and others. 

For two or three years from 1899 there was activity in Hotel 
building. The Waynesville Inn was erected and furnished; Hotel 
Gordon was opened; Bon Air became one of the city's hotels; an 
annex was built to the Springs hotel ; and last but by no means least 
the famous Eagles Nest hotel was built on the summit of Junaluska 
mountain. An elegant road, built some years ago by Messrs. S. C. 
Satterthwait and George H. Smathers, leads to the hotel as it snugly 
sits upon the brow of Junaluska looking down upon Waynesville 
more than two thousand feet below. 

In 1903 a twenty thousand dollar system of water works was 
installed. The city has out grown the dimensions laid out for it then, 
and now plans are being laid for the further extension of the 
system. In 1905 Main Street was paved with granitoid bricks, and 
cement side-walks were laid on Main and Depot Streets. Besides, 
all the streets leading out of town were macadamized that year 
and the succeeding. 

Among the enterprises of Waynesville the banks play a very 
important part. There are three, and they are doing a safe and 
profitable business. The oldest is the Bank of Waynesville, organized 
in 1887. Captain Alden Howell is its first and only president. J. 


w Reed is the cashier and AJden Howell, Jr., is the assistant 

cashier, the capital stock is $51 El is the oldesl bank west 

of the Bine Ridge mountains and does a Large bus i 

First National Bank. 

The charter for tins bank was issued Dec. 26, L902. It has 
been a welcome addition to the financial resources of the county 
and has been especially valuable in the aid and enoouragemenl it 
has always manifested toward industrial and other enterprises. The 

capita] is $25,000; surplus and undivided profits about >M.< ; 

and average deposits $200,000. The bank pays tour per cent, on 
time deposits. 

The offcers of the Lank are G. W. Bfaslin, president; Clyde H. 
Kay. vice president; W. T. Blaylock, cashier, each of whom has 
held the position from the orgaization. The board of directors is 
s very strong one, viz: G. W. Maslin, Clyde II. Ray, ('has. E. Ray, 
K. B. Quinlan, S. C. Satterthwait, Dr. J. Bowel] Way. and Samuel c! 
Welch. The hank's patronage is large and increasing. It occupies 
a building of its own on .Main Street. 

In November, 1906, the Commercial Bank opened for business 
with a capita] Btock of $30,000. It occupies the ground floor of the 
elegant white brick building at the corner of Main and Depot 
stiv.-is. R. B. Osborne is president; II. R. Ferguson, \ dee president; 
and J. R. Boyd is cashier. 

Another enterprise is the Waynesville Courier, a weekly news- 
paper that wields considerable influence in the county. It was es- 
tablished in lss.-, ;IM( | w ,., lt through many vicissitudes in its early 
days. J. I>. Boone was tin- first man to put it upon anything like a 
paying hasis. |„ 1902, howover, he sold it to <;. I !. Briggs, who 
enlarged ami strengthened the paper. January 1st. i!n>7 the Courier 
Printing Company, composed of <;. I '. Briggs ami \V. < !. an,.,,. \sas 
formed and the office si in further increased in efficiency. In that 
year a model No. 5 Linotype ma. -hi,,.- was installed ami the office 

further equipped. It is now a sound Dm ratic paper «rith a large 

subscription list snd a good advertising patronage. 

There are about thirty husiu,-vs houses in the town, tin- Lrug 

tun plumbing establishments, five livery stables, four 
churches, a telephone exchange, twenty-five hotels and hoarding 
houses, aboul two miles of cemenl side-walks, and nearly a mile 
of brick pavement. 


Haywood County Fair. 

Another important enterprise, which is located at Waynesville 
but in which the whole county is interested, is the county fair. The 
story of its organization and growth belongs to the history of 
the county. 

Early in the summer of 1905, J. M. L. MeCracken, of Crabtree, 
published in the Waynesville Courier a communication advocating 
a fair for Haywood County. The proposition seemed to meet with 
general favor, and at a meeting of the farmers' institute in August 
the matter was taken up and discussed fully. At that meeting a 
temporary organization was effected, with J. A. Collins as presi- 
dent and G. C. Briggs as secretary. At first it was intended to have a 
fair for the exhibition of live stock only, but as the organization de- 
veloped it was decided to have a general exhibition. 

The first fair was held November 1, 2 ,3, 1905. The officers that 
year were as follows : Joseph A. Collins, president ; W. S. Terrell, 
R. A. L. Hyatt, J. L. Walker, E. C. Clark, vice-presidents; J. L. 
StringfieM, treasurer; James E. Carraway, secretary, G. D. Green, 
assistant secretary; B. F. Smathers, general manager; J. .R Me- 
Cracken, chief marshal. The opening address that year was deliv- 
ered by Hon. Locke Craig, of Asheville. 

Since that year the fair has greatly grown in importance 
Now it is the most largelv attended fair in western North Carolina. 

Hi A 

in i \ni 1 

\V. II. Col< 


Hazelwood, the only other town in Waynesville township, was 
incorporated in 1905 by act of the State Legislature. By appoint- 
ment of the General Assembly E. E. Quinlan became the first mayor 
and served until May. 1907. when \V. H. Cole was elected. The 
Board of Aldermen is composed of J. C. Fisher, AY. A. Whitener, and 
D. R. Allen. 

Mr. Cole, the founder of the town and president of the Hazel- 
wood Manufacturing Company, is a native of Pennsylvania, where 
he was born 56 years ago. In 1870 he moved to Tipton County, 
Tenn.. and was in business there until 1893 when he came to Hay- 
wood County and settled one mile from Waynesville in what is now 
Hazelwood but then nothing but waste land. Mr. Cole began opera- 
tions then as a saw mill man and soon had the satisfaction of seeing 
the place which he had named '"Hazelwood" begin to grow. 

This enterprising young municipality has now a population of 
about 700. There are several important manufacturing plants lo- 
cated in its limits. The Junaluska Leather Company, one of 
the largest tanneries in the State, has a capacity of 150 hides a day. 
The leather made here is sent to the eastern markets. A force of 
about 100 men is constantly employed. 

The Hazelwood Manufacturing Company, another important en- 
terprise, turns out wooden columns, mouldings, tables, ceilings, 
flooring, staves, wooden pipe, and other useful things besides operat- 
ing a saw mill. This concern employs about 25 men. 

Besides these two there are two large furniture factories doing 
a large and growing business in their lines. The building of a large 
and modern sanitarium for tuberculosis patients is now under con- 
sideration. When built it will be largely of glass and on the most 
approved lines known to experts in the fresh air treatment of pa- 
tients with this disease, and will be one of the most important enter- 
prises in western North Carolina. 

At Hazelwood is a good school under the same management as 
tin- Waynesville Graded Schools. There is also a church building 
which is used by several denominations. 

Altogether the prospects point to a rapid increase in the size 
and importance of this hustling little hive of industry. 


Beaverdam is one of the original precincts of the county. It 

tied Beaverdam while il was a pari of Bun* ibe County, 

and i 8 supposed to have received its name from the modest Little 
creek within its bounds upon which beavers, in early times, had their 
(1;llll >. At firsl n included a pari of whal is nov, Clyde township. 
h has an area of aboul forty Bquare miles and a population of about 

.-.jinn The taxable vaiuati I property in 1908 is $1,042,089. 

g 0] ,f the earliesl settlements in the county were made along 

..,,,, River in this township. Besides those already otioned 

in the chapter on "The Barlj Settlements," there are some others 
thai deserve mention. 

Pge H.-iii. a Revolutionary Boldier who lies buried al Locust 
Field Cemetery, moved here from Rowan County, and settled on 
North Bominy. He broughl his wagon as Ear as Asherville and 
e f1 it. By horseback he broughl his and provis- 

ions to whal i- now known as the Russell place where he Located. 
At thai time deer were as plentiful as rabbits are now and the Land 
was \.r\ fertile. Only a few settlers were thru in thai section. The 
McDowells had taken oul two grants of 640 acres each a1 whal was 
known as "Ford of Pigeon" where Canton is oow situated. 
the firsl houses buill there was a double Log house thai stood Dear 
the site of the Monroe-Wells boarding house and was destroyed 
in 1882 

Aboul the time thai Hall came in 1801 John McFarland secured 
a granl of a section, which included the presenl Pharr, Marion 

Smathers, and I Pinner farms. Other -ranis were secured 

aboul th.' same time, and as time wenl on other families came and 
settled in the beautiful valley. Among the, Bettlers in thai section 
we find the names of Harry Johnson, Thomas Al.-l. a Revolutionary 
Boldier, George, Jesse, Levy, and Charlie Smathers, who came from 
Catawba and Bettled in Dutch Cove, Blisha Phillips, who settled 
at the head of Hominy, James M. Patton, a successful Btock 
William and John Haynes two of the pioneer ministers of the Baptist 
Church, Ambrose Pharr, who settled on pari of the McFarland tract, 
Eliliu Chambers, who was a gianl almosl in stature and in physical 

enduraj noted as a surveyor, J. Wesly Harbin, a noted Bchool- 

r and surveyor, WiUiam Scott, Roberl II Penland, Levey 
Clark, Joseph Ford, George, Green, William, and James Moore, four 
brothers who bought pari of the McDowell land, Captain A J. 
Murray, who was sheriff of the county for a Long number of years, 


John P. Sharp, who settled in Dutch Cove, Jesse Kinsland, Isaac 
Smathers, Kobert Sharp, and others, that might be mentioned 
namely the Cooks, the Hendersons, the Minguses. the Holtsclaws, 
and the Meases. 

Beaverdam is different from all other townships in the county, 
in that it is the only one that does not lie exclusively upon the 
waters of Pigeon River, which runs its entire length in Haywood 
County. All the drainage of the county is into Pigeon River with 
the exception of about sixteen square miles of territory in Beaver- 
dam, which drains into the French Broad. 


Canton is the only town in Beaverdam township. It has a 
history which is interesting. For more than ninety years there was 
a postoffice at the Ford of Pigeon that was named Pigeon River. 
Only a few houses were upon the site during all these years. In 
1861, the first year of the Civil war, there were only two houses in 
the place. Robert Penland was postmaster at that time. 

After the close of the Civil war, the place began to put on the 
appearance of a village. A few more houses were built and there 
first appeared even the suggestion of a town. In 1881 the railroad 
reached the place, a depot was built and it became the terminus 
for nearly two years. Engineer S. S. Aldridge ran the first train 
into Pigeon. Engineer* W. P. Terrell was the first to run an engine 
across Pigeon River. Captain W. II. Hargrove was the first depot 
agent at that place. 

For a few years after the railroad reached the village there 
was considerable activity. The name. Pigeon River, was changed to 
Buford in honor of the president of the railroad company, but that 
name did not seem to be fitting, for it never became generally known 
by that term. In 1889. by act of the Legislature, the place was in- 
corporated under the name of Pigeon River, and the village became 
a town. Later, in 1894 the town, at the suggestion of Mr. C. L. 
Mingus, was named Canton and by act of Legislature the next year 
that name was made legal. 

Canton is now a hustling city of 3000 inhabitants. In 1907 a 
bond issue of $65,000 for street improvements and Graded Schools 
was voted. The same year a system of public schools with Prof. R. D, 
McDowell as superintendent was organized. The streets are now 
being improved. The town has two banks, the Champion and the 


Bank of Canton. There are several large general stores besides 
many smaller ones. 

The Champion Fibre Company broke ground for their big 
plant in April, 1906, and as it stands to-day represents an invest- 
ment of more than two million dollars. The daily product of wood 
pulp averages 200 tons, all of which is used by the paper mills of 
the eompany at Hamilton, 0. The amount of tannic acid manufac- 
tured is very large, the annual capacity being. 75, 000 barrels. About 
650 men are employed, which means a disbursement of $14,000 to 
$15,000 at Canton on each semi-monthly payday. The company 
has built more than 60 houses for the use of employees and more 
are under way. 


Pigeon precinct was formed soon after the organization of 
the county government in 1809, and was named for the river that 
runs directly through its territory. At first it included all the 
country now within East Fork and Cecil townships. It is one 
of th? richest sections of the county. 

Within its limits is the Garden farm, where the first settlement 
in the county is supposed to have been made about 1785. It was 
included in the McDowell grant and is now owned by the Plott 
family. Another grant a little while after that time was to John 
Gooch from John Strother. About the year 1802 a settlement was 
made upon it. The lands are now owned by the Osborne and 
Smathers families. Adjoining this tract were the Daniel Killian 
lands, now owned by J. R. Abel, Rowley Cook and others. The 
William Mehaffey farm was also opened up in 1802. purchased from 
John Strother and now owned by the Evans family and others. 

Several other farms were opened up on Pigeon about the 
same time, among them the William Cathey. the Hefner, the Mary 
Miller, the Moore, the Allen Campbell; the Wilson, the Deaver. the 
Spencer Bird, the Plott, the Edmonston, the Henry, and others 
that are well known to-day. 

During the early settlements the forks of the river were granted 
to the Grunlers and the Biffles. Newman Wells, about 1820, moved 
from Rutherford County and bought on the forks of the river what 
is known as the Wells farm. James Holland moved here from Ten- 
nessee in the early part of the nineteenth century. He was a man 

of considerable ability. E his eons, Henry Holland, was sheriff 

of the county in the fifties. 

Among the names of ti Ld settle™ in Pig i township we 

find also Henry Robinson, wl ttled on Garden Creek Peter Mease 

w , sbont the same time as Henry Robinson ^and mamedthe 

letter's daughter, Elijah Henson and several brothers, who settled 
, n Nvh ,, ls aow known as the Benson Cove and from whom an, 
extensive Eamily has Bprung. 

f themosl noted Eamiliesof Pigeon township is the I athey 
family \|h,ui il.- tir.t of the nineteenth century, William Cathey 

m0V ed here from Virginia and settled in the Pig valley. He 

lef1 on e BO n, Joseph Cathey, a man of greal native ability wh 
biography is given elsewhere in this volume. II- married about 
18 30 Miss Nancy Hyatl and Erom thai nnion a Large family has 
descended. Pour sons ... the Confederate army, two of whomlos 
their lives namelj Capt. James M. Cathey, who was killed at 
Petersburg, and Lieutenanl J. T. Cathey, who died of Eever ... the 

hospital ;.t Wilson. 

Mother noted Eamily is the Lenoir Eamily. Colonel Phomas 
Lenoir moved to this county Erom Wilkes aboul the firsl ot the 
last century ......I bought Erom the State large possessions on the 

eas1 fork of Pigeon and engaged in Earming and stock-raia 
H, veasa useful and highly honored citizen, His son, Capt. Tho 
] Lenoir, was one of he raosl noted of the county a1 the time 
of the Civil war. His biography appears elsewhere in this volume. 

The Bdmonston was another noted Eamily of Pigeon. Colonel 
tfinian Edmonston came to the county aboul 1808 and settl< .1 in the 

valley of the Pigeon. II- represented thi nnty Eor a long number 

of years, with conspicuous ability, in tin- State Legislature. Two of 
h,s' sums were kill-! in the Civil war. A biography of Colonel 
Bdmonston appears in another chapter ... this volume. 

Jonathan Plot! moved to Pigeon about 1830 ......I taughl school 

f or a nun. I-,- of years. He then boughl a Earm ... Pig valley 

and became a su sssful Earmer. He has many .l--n.h-.nts living 

in this county and in other States. 1.. 1826 Wm. II. Hargrove moved 

from Mecklenburg County and Bettled mi Pigeon. II- was a skilled 

,,,. ,,:,.,, m i.i t. but s,,n,- of his brick chimneys are 

, W. H. Hargrove, Canton, W. M. Hargi 

N v !- .,,..-,, a nd Dr J, I' Hargrove of Raleigh, are grandsons 

of his. 

Aboul the first of th nth century Ellis Edwards moved 

to thai section of th mnty Erom beyond the Blue Ridge in Burke 


County. His children were Thomas S., Benjamin, Rev. P. W., Rev. 
James, Mrs Mary Howell. Mrs. Eelia Anil Pickens, and Miss 
Asseneth Eiwards, all now dead. About 1830 William D. Kirk- 
patrick came from Rutherford County and bought land on Pigeon. 
He left several daughters, but no sons. John Gooch came to this 
county about the beginning of the last century and settled on wdiat 
is now known as the Osborne farm. His only child, a daughter, 
married Ephriam Osborne. One son of that union yet survives, A 
J. Osborne. 

Silas Wilson came from Catawba County about 1818 and pur- 
chased lands on Pigeon River in this township. The Blaylock fam- 
ily came about the beginning of the nineteenth century and estab- 
lished homes there. Several representatives of the family have 
held positions of trust and responsibility. In 1854 Oval Terrell 
moved to Pigeon from Rutherford County and bought lands. His 
name is still well known in the county. William Mehaffey came 
from Pennsylvania about 1802. Some deseendents of the name still 
live in the county. 

Rev. John Evans w T as one of the pioneer ministers of the Meth- 
odist Church, and did much toward the building up of that faith in 
the Bethel section. There are still some survivors of his family in 
the county. Other families moved in from other counties, among 
them the Ledbetters. the Kinslands. the Aliens, the ^hbdarmers. tlie 
Presslys, *the Plesses, and others who have contributed to the up- 
building of the township and county. 

Pigeon township is one of the best in the county. The lands 
on the Pigeon River are fertile. Beautiful mountain scenery greets 
the eye on every hand. At Bethel, in the beautiful Sonoma valley, 
are three churches, two stores and several dwellings. It is one 
of the most beautiful spots in North Carolina. There is also a good 
Graded School that was established some years ago. The building 
is a two-story brick structure and is well adapted to school uses. 

As now defined the township has an ar a of about 36 square miles 
and a population of over 2,000. The taxable valuation of property 
in 1908 is $252,301. 


Crabtree is one of the early precincts of the county, being es- 
tablished as such about 1810. It gets its name from Crabtree Creek 
that runs through its borders. Its people are among the most 


prosperous in the countj and ba^ • always been progressive and 

.\i first the township included a greal deal more territory than 
it does at present; but iron Duff, White Oak, and Cattaloochee have 
been formed oul of its original boundaries and al presenl it con- 
tains only about '>\ Bquare miles. The boundaries are clearly defined, 
aing "ii Pigeon River al or aear the <>I<1 Marion Ferguson farm 
the line runs up the ridge of what is known as rlider mountain 
connecting with Chambers mountain; thence with the meanderings 
of said line to the top of Sand} Blush Bald; thence Bouth-wesl with 
the divide to Crabtree Bald; thence north to Oak's Knob; thence 
south-west t<> Pigeon River al or aear Roach Shoals; thence with 
Pigeon River to the beginning. 

Crabtree is one of the most thickly settled sections of the 
county. In 1900 the population was 1269. It is qow estimated at 
L500. The principal in.lnsti-i.-s are farming and stock-raising. Al- 
most every farmer is a raiser of fine live stock !'<>r which the town- 
ship is noted and in which there has been great development in the 
last decade. In this section there is already grown some of the 
finest cattle in the South. 

< hi Crabtree Creek some of the earliest settlements in the 
county were made prim- to the beginning of the nineteenth century. 
Among the early settlers was Peter Mason, who came to the county 
aboul the year 1800. Be settled on Crabtree and opened up a farm 
upon which lie lived to the rip.- old ag< of l<>7 years when he died 
about t w -eut \ j ears ago. 

Other prominent men who settled in this township and became 
well known were Josiah Craw lord. William Penland, John Rogers, 
Silas Kirkpatrick, J. Bradshaw, Acton McCracken, John, Enos, 
Joseph, and Russell McCracken. These men heroically reclaimed 
tin i«. rest and made it blossom as the rose. Other substantial citizens 
joined them or followed along alter their time. In the list of those 
win. built Crabtree the names of Nathan Gibson, William Ferguson, 
Cyrus Uo'jvrs. Samuel Ferguson, Spencer Walker. W. c. Hill. J. 
If. McCracken, Colonel C. C. Rogers, and A. T. Rogers hold an im- 
portant p,-irt. They were the heroes in peace, who felled the forests, 

built roads and homes, ere. -ted schools and churches, and hla/.e.l the 

way for civilization and progress. 

Crabtree has long been noted tor its advai in educational 

lines. A good school has for years been maintained near Rock 
Spring Church ami by it many young men ami women have been 

prepared for college find schooled for the active duties of life. In 
1905 the Rock Spring district voted a special tax for schools and 
since then free tuition for eight months has been furnished every 
child that attends. 

In 1908 the taxable valuatii n of property is $186,1 7-. 

Iron Duff. 

Iron Duff township was erected in 1879 from Crabtree. Its 
boundaries are as follows: On the north by White Oak. west by 
Jonathan's Creek, south by Waynesville, east by Crabtree. The 

Pigeon River divides Iron Duff from Crabtree. It contains about 
twelve square miles of territory, and had in 1900 a population of 
499. The population is now estimated at 600. The principal indus- 
tries like most of the county, are farming and stock-raising in which 
considerable progress has been within the last few years. 
Some fine horses and mules are raised in the township. The raising 
of cattle, hogs and sheep constitute an important branch of industry; 
and the corn, wheat, oats, aid Irish potatoes of Iron Duff are among 
the finest in the county. 

In historical or traditional incidents Iron Duff is quite rich. 
The following incidents are told by Hon. J. S. Davis, who is a resi- 
dent of this township: 

"The first white man to settle in what is now Iron Duff town- 
ship was Jacob Shook, whose cabin stood where the school-house 
now stands. The second summer after his location here he died of 
milk sickness and his remains were carried to Pigeon River and 
taken in" a canoe up the river about seven miles to the home of his 
father. David Shook, who lived just above where Clyde is now 

"The next white man to settle in the present bounds of Iron 
Duff was Aaron MeDuff. who came with his family from the hills 
of Scotland. He became noted as a scholar among the few settlers 
and a hunter of prowess. He was the leading man for many miles 
around and a talker of great magnetism. At his cabin the early 
settlers would often meet to hear Aaron Duff, as he was commonly 
called, tell stories and sing songs, and to hunt with him the deer 
and wild turkeys. Thus all the territory now included in Iron 
Duff township came to be called Aaron Duff's Bend, and was 
so called until about 1873 when the first postoffice in the township 
was established. 


•• In the petition senl to the postoffiee departmenl al Washington 
the nam.' suggested for the postoffiee was Aar< □ Duff, but the depart, 
menl rtruck oul the word Aaron and substituted Iron in its place. 
A i'<-« years later when the township was established h was given the 
name of the postoffiee. Thus we Bee we have onlj the word Duff Lefl 
to perpetuate the name oi Aaron McDuff, one of the mosl conspic- 
uous pipneers who settled in western North Carolina." 

As \\ ill !"• seen the Jacob Shook mentioned in the above was not 
the one who Bettled on Pig River aboul the close of the Revolu- 
tion, but ;i grandson of Ins. 

Among the prominenl citizens who helped to make Iron Duff an 
important division of the county the names of Daniel Dotson, John 
l> Howell, James McElroy, Andrew Ferguson, E. R. Ferguson, Rilej 

Medford, J. L. Smith, F. .M. Davis, J. F. Murray, and -I. .M. Q .,',. 

now dead, are mentioned. Three of these represented the county at 

different times in the L< gislature, and all of them m II I ored and 

respected in their day. 

In 1908 the taxable valuation of property is 

Jonathan's Creek. 

Jonathans Creek precincl formed in 1866 and made a township 
is 1869 by order ol the county commissioners, was one of the first 
sections ol the county to be Bettled. It derives its name from the 
creek that flows through its borders, and is one of the Eairesl and 
richest townships in the county. 

Its boundaries on two Bides are natural. On the west the Line 
runs with the water shed between Jonathan and Cattaloochee and 
on the easl with the ridge between Jonathan and Richland creeks. 
It touches Ivv Hill on the south and Crabtree and White Oak on 
'I"' north. There are aboul twenty square miles within its, Is 
and a population in 1900 of 1008. The population is estimated now 
al 1200. The principal industries are farming and stock raising, 
supplying an abundance of corn, wheat, oats, potatoes, and cattle 
for market ;m<! home consumption. The taxable valuation of 
property in 1908 is $1 10,594. 

11 ' •' eally Jonathans Creek is «.i r the most important 

townships in the county, for here is where son £ the firsl settlers 

located. Some of the first grants of Land in the present lin 

the county were entered in the beautiful valley for which this section 

ol " ,( unty is noted. The creak itself received its name from 


Jonathan McPeters, who was one of the first white men to look upon 
its limpid waters. Here also were located grants to John and Charles 
McDowell as well as one or two to John Strother, three of the 
early land owners in Haywood County. 

Among the prominent citizens, who assisted in the development 
of the township, the names of Reuben Moody, David Plott, John 
Henry, W. G. B. Garrett, D. C. Howell, J. D. Rice, Daniel Allison, 
L. C. Caldwell, and Robert Boyd are recorded as being specially 
noteworthy. These men, while living, were prominent in the affairs 
of the county and have left descendants who also stand high in public 

In this township is located Rock Hill High School, one of the 
public high schools of the county. It is a two story building located 
in a thickly settled portion of the township and enrolls a large num- 
ber of pupils every year. 

East Fork. 

East Fork was established in 1867 from Pigeon and takes its 
name from the fact that its territory is located upon the east fork 
of Pigeon River. It contains about fourteen square miles of territory 
and had a population in 1900 of 651. The principal industries are 
farming and stock raising. The chief products are corn and grass. 

Historically East Fork is included in Pigeon and Beaverdam, 
for the first settlements made in the township were made by people 
from these two. Some of the prominent citizens who aided in the 
development of that part of the county are Isaac Pless, Isaac Ivester, 
Josiah Anderson, Absolum Trull, Nathan Knight, Thomas Crawford, 
Thomas Lenoir, Walter Lenoir, Laney Trull, Benjamin Trull, and 
Fidellis Howell. 

Its hitsory has already been given in the story of the county 
told in preceding pages. In 1908 the taxable valuation of property 
is $181,530. 

Fines Creek. 

Fines Creek township, located in the northern part of the county 
was formed from Crabtree in 1850. It lies along the valley of the 
creek from which it takes its name, including about 100 square miles 
of territory and having in 1900 a population of 1740. 


In tli.' earliesl days o£ tli unty's history Pines Creek was 

called Crystal Creek, In some of the old grants the name "Crystal" 
Creek appears frequently. Later, it came to be called Twelve Mile 
Creek, bnl it was found out afterward thai it was so-called by mis- 
take; and still Later, aboul the beginning of the nineteenth century 
its nam.' was changed to Fines Creek on a. •'•mint of a singular cir- 
cumstance occuring on its l. auks. Prom a narrative written twenty- 
us ago the following Btory, elsewhere mentioned in this work, 
is copied : 

"Fines Creek was named in honor of a man by the name of 
Fines, who was killed by a band of Indians and buried beneath its 
Limpid waters. Man} years ago Fines passed through tins part of 

th tunty, in company with other men, after Borne [ndians win. had 

been to Tennessee and stolen Bome horses, and were trying to make 
their escape when tlmy were overtaken by Fines and others on the 
head of Jonathan's Creek. The men Beeured their horses from the 
cruel [ndians, and started on their way back home, although it l-'il 
through mountain gorges and along Indian trails. When they 
reached this creek, the shades of nighl fell thickly around them, 
and they '••mid no Longer make their way. They were Losl and knew' 
not whal to do. As this country was then In ;i wilderness Btate, 
traversed only by Indian paths, and no farm houses near them 
where they could stop 4o real their weary Limbs and be secure 
from the wihl beasts that then roamed over the forest, thej took 
up '-amp nnt il morning. 

"It was in mid-winter, the ground was covered with snow, 
and the streams frozen over. Bow Long must have seemed the 
night, and how unpleasanl they must have been in thai solitary ramp, 
expecting every hour to be attacked by the Indians, while the cry of 
the owl, the howl of the wolf, and the scream of the panther could 
be heard in tin- distance! Early on the following morning the 
Indians .-am.- upon them, killed Fines, and perhaps wounded others. 
His comrades knew nol what to do with the remains of their friend. 
They were awa] from home, thej had no tools to diL r a grave to bury 
him in. ami they were afraid to Leave the body Lesl it be devoured 
hy the hungry wolves. The body was taken by Ids friends and 
placed in the creek cinder the ice for safe keeping until they could 
go home and return. When they returned, they could nol find the 
corpse anywhere, and they supposed thai the hungry wolves found 
it and \'<-i\ upon it. From thai time, until the present, the creek 
is known as Fines < freek." 

Firms Creek is one of the most thickly Bettled townships in the 


county. It has within its borders some of the best farming lands in 
the western part of the State. These lands are well adapted to the 
growing of wheat, corn, and other staple products. Somo thirty 
or more years ago the growing of tobacco was attempted in this 
township and it proved moderately successful. Later, however, it 
was found out that other branches of industry are more profitable 
and the growing of tobacco has been abandoned. Fines Creek is 
a fruit growing section. Apples, peaches, and grapes flourish, and 
a great abundance of them is grown every year. 

The boundaries of the township are well defined. Beginning 
at the mouth of Waterville Creek on the border of Tennessee, the 
line runs' with the State line north-east by Snow Bird mountain 
and the water shed to .Mack's Patch in the Madison County line; 
thence to Sandy Mush Bald, where the three counties of Madison, 
Buncombe, and Haywood meet ; thence to Crabtree Bald ; thence 
with watershed to Rush Fork gap; thence to or near the mouth 
of Jonathan's Creek on Pigeon River; thence down the river to the 
beginning. It is about seventeen miles long and averages more 
than seven miles wide. 

Some of the earliest settlers in the county found their way to 
Fines Creek : David Russell. Hughey Rogers. Robert Penland, and 
William Ray have already been mentioned in the chapter on " Early 
Settlments". They were Revolutionary soldiers, and after whipping 
the British came to the mountains of Haywood County and built 
homes for themselves and families. Their descendants still live, 
forming some of the best citizenship in the county. 

In Fines Creek, some fine specimens of magnetic iron ore have 
been found in the last few years. It is thought that a valuable mine 
will some day be worked there. 

In 1908 the taxable valuation of property is $241,740. 

Ivy Hill. 

Ivy Hill township was formed in 1869 oul of Jonathan's Creek, 
and received its name from the Ivy Hill postoffice, which was estab- 
lished before the Civil war. and named on account of the abundance 
of ivy found in its vicinity. The postoffiee is now called Plott. The 
boundaries of Ivy Hill are natural and as follows: Beginning at the 
Hove]] farm, the line runs north-west to the divide between Jona- 
than's Greek and Cattaloochee ; thence with that divide to the Swain 
County line) fcence with the Swain line south-west to near Buneh's 


Bald on the Jackson County line and the divide to top of Balaam, 
which was formerly called the Potomac; thence by the divide he- 
Jonathan's Creek and Richland to Factory branch; thence 
north-weal bj Afaunej Cove to the beginning al Howell farm. 

In Bquare miles the area oi tvj Hill is about 55. The popula- 
tion in 1900 was 933, bul is aow estimated a1 1200. The principal 
industries are Farming, stock-raising, and lumbering. Among the 
product8 are corn, wheat, fruits, dairy product8, ;in<l timber. 

In [vy Hill Bome of the finesl natural Bcenery is Found. Tall 
mountains, beautiful valleys, and verdanl Iand8cape8, in summer, 
Btrike the eye in every direction. The crystal haters of Jonathan's 
Creek, as they leap and play in their downward career, please the 
eye and uelighl the ear. Junaluska, Plott's Balaam, and Jonea' Knob 
rear their heads toward8 the eaat, while to the we8l the Cattaloo- 
ehee ranges and the Greal Smokies pre8en1 a wall of natural beauty 
to the eye. For beautiful and inspiring mountain Bcenery no 
place in the world can surpass Jonathan's Creek valley. 

In early historical data tvy Hill is specially notable. It was in 
iwnship thai Jonathan McPeters, from whom the creek was 

naui.-.l. 1 uilt the first house in thai section of tl unty. It was 

built at the i">int now known as Plott, where R. H. Plotl now Uvea. 
In that early time 1 1 1 « ■ McFarland brothera al80 had considerable 
grants of laud, one granl bearing the date, 17-7. A little later, 
aboul 1805, Felix Walker moved from Burke County and built upon 
the McPeters land. Other prominent citizens, who moved in later 
and helped to build the township were John Henry, John Leather- 
wood, David, Amos, and Osborne Plott, Daniel and John Tvillian. and 

Reuben Moody who ha« ' n menti d in the storv of Jonathan's 

Creek bul who lived within the presenl limits of Tvy TTill. 

,\. much of the history of Ivy Hill 1ms already been given in 

this work, the reader is referred to pr ding pages for further 


In 1908 the taxable valuation of property is $185 2 14 


Clyde township was formed in l -77 from Pigeon, Beaverdam, 
and Waynesville. At tirst it was called Lower Pigeon in contra- 
distinction to Up] a. Later the township waa named Hvde 
fp.m the little town thai has grown up on the hanks of the P 
River thai flows through its territory. 


It has an area of about thirty square miles and a population in 
1900 of 1196. The chief products are such as would be expected 
from an agricultural section in the mountains of North Carolina. 
The people are thrifty, being engaged in agricultural pursuits, in 
merchandising, and in raising live stock. 

In the earliest days of the county there were important settle- 
ments along the banks of the river near where the town of Clyde 
now stands. The Shooks, the Hayneses, the Osbornes, the Morgans, 
the Stanleys, the Rogerses, and others were tilling the soil and raising 
their cattle before there was a town in the county. In this township 
some of the first settlements were made and some of the oldest 
families reside. 

Here among the oldest settlers we find the names of Levi 
Smathers, Aaron Fullbright, Jacob Shook, David Shook, and others, 
who began the construction of a civilization upon the banks of 
lower Pigeon. A little later, Mills Shook, David Hill, Abel Stamey, 
Jackson Rogers, Peter Snider, Judson Osborne, G. N. Penland, H. 
P. Haynes, Allen Haynes, Thomas Green, W. W. Medford, and others 
who might be mentioned continued the building of the structure that 
the first settlers had planned. 

For ninety or more years from the time of the first settlements 
the valley of the Pigeon was dotted only with thrifty farm houses. 
There was no town or even the seeming possibility of one. Neither 
Canton nor Clyde was yet even in embryo. But in 1881 the whistle 
of the locomotive was heard at Pigeon River, now Canton, and the 
inhabitants along the Pigeon Valley felt that the door of opportunity 
so long closed, was about to be opened to them. The railroad, how- 
ever, halted for more than a year at Pigeon River, and the inhabi- 
tants along the route began to think that the road was resting too 
long at that place. 

In 1883, the first train pulled into what is now the town of Clyde, 
but what was then only a stopping place for the train with hardly 
a dwelling house in sight. Mr. J. M. Shook gave the lot upon 
which the depot was built. Mr. J. L. Morgan bought from Shook 
the first lot ever sold in Clyde. Mr. T. M. Green built the first store 
ever erected in the town. Mr. C. L. Smathers followed with the 
next. People began to move in and soon Clyde began to put on 
the appearance of a town. In the Legislature of 1889 the town was 
incorporated with the name of Clyde, and having the following 
officers: II. N. Wells, mayor; B. B. Jones, J. Wiley Shook, and J. 
L. Morgan, eommisisoners. In 1890 there were 90 people living in 


the little town; in 1900 there were 244. Now the population is about 

In Clyde there are Bevera] business houses, • I > » 1 1 1 «_r a genera] mer- 
chandise business, a dour mill, several boarding bouses and hotels, 

three churches, and two schools. The Hayw i Institute, the 

Baptisl Associations) school, is located in Clyde. It bas ;i g ! 

patronage from the countj and some pupils from other counties. 
Besides tins institution, the public school for the town and distrid 
is also Iht<-. The town is noted as a health resort, many people 
from the Southern and Western States going yearij there to spend 
the Bummer. 

In 1908 the taxable valuation of property is $236,758. 

White Oak, Cattaloochee, and Cecil. 

These three townships have been formed from the others and 
their history has been told in the narrative already set forth. White 
<>;ik is iii the northern pari of the county on the righl bank of 
Pigeon River. It had ;i population in 1900 of 345 and ;it presenl of 
aboul 450. It was established in 1895. Cattaloochee is in the ex- 
treme north-western pari of the county, situated npon Cattal bee 

and Big Creeks. The people of thai portion of the county are nearer 
to Newport, Tenn., than to Waynesville. It had a population in 
L900 of 765. Cecil, a small township in the south-eastern pari of 
the county, was formed in L901 oul of portions of Pigeon and Easl 
Pork. It has a voting population of aboul 50. The census lias never 
been taken as il lias been established sine- 1900. 

While being remote from the centre of the county, these 
townships are inhabited by a thrifty and intelligenl people. They 
are engaged in farming, stock raising, and lumbering. They have 

g 1 Bchools and churches and the citizenship is fast becoming 

prosperous and cultured. 

In L908 the taxable valuation of property is as follows: Cat- 
taloochee $378,644: White Oak $57,641; Cecil $105,208. 


Men of the Hour. 

Haywood County has never been lacking in patriotic and de- 
voted men. In peace and in war her stalwart sons, strong i n 
brain and brawn, have acquitted themselves nobly. < hi the farm, 
in trade, as manufacturers, doctors, lawyers, teachers, preachers, 
statesmen, soldiers .the men of Haywood have proven themselves to 
be of the first rank nol only here in their native county but in other 
States and among other people. 

While that is true of the past it is no Less true of the present. 
In her citizenship of the day the story of the county's progress 
and development is told with strong anticipations of the future. 
In manhood, in brain and muscle, in genius and thrift, in progress 
and pride, the sons of Haywood arc not behind any in the old 
North State. The story, therefore, of some of our leading men 
will not be uninteresting, but belongs to the history of the county. 

Judge Gudger. 

James Cassius Lowry Gudger was born in Buncombe County, 
July 4th. 1837. His father. Samuel Bell Gudger, was a son of James 
Gudger who married Annie Love, daughter of Colonel Robert Love. 
His mother was Elizabeth Siler Lowry of Buncombe, daughter of 
James Lowry who held a captain's commission in the war of 1812 
and who served several terms in the lower house of the State 
Legislal ore. 

Judge Gudger was educated at Sand Hill academy and Reem's 
Creek High School, the latter being now known as Weaverville 
College in Buncombe County. B\> first course of law study was 
with William G. Candler, of Asheville. and in August, 1860, he was 


Judge J. C. L. Qudger. 

■ Ibj the Supreme Courl to practice in the Courl of Pleas and 
quarter sessions oi his Dative county. The outbreak of the < livil war 
interrupted his second course of study (1 wo licenses being aeceasary 
al thai time for practice in all th irts of the State) and he en- 
listed in company I. 25th Korth « '.i r<»l i n;i infantry. Upon joining 
ln-> company, July 22nd, 1861, he was chosen (sergeant and served 
jeant-major for two years and afterwards as first lieutenant 
and adjutant. 

I" Sept 1862, he took pari with his regimenl in the in- 


vestment and capture of Harper's Ferry in Virginia, and a few days 
later was in the bloody battle of Antietam. In the spring of 1864, 
with his regiment, he was in the battle of Avery's Farm, and m 
the summer and fall was in the memorable siege of Petersburg and 
fought in the battles of the "Weldon railroad. Later, in March and 
April, 1865, he was in the storming party that captured Fort Stead- 
man and fought the great battle of Five Forks. 

During the latter engagement he was captured and, after a 
few days' confinement in Washington City, was taken to Johnson's 
Island, near Sandusky, Ohio, where he was held as a prisoner of war 
until released on parole in June, 1865. Early in the following July 
he returned to his home in Buncombe County and at once resumed 
the study of law, his second and final license being received in 
June, 1866. He moved to "Waynesville in December, 1865, and, early 
.'n the following year, was appointed attorney for Haywood County, 
letaining that position until the office was abolished under the Re- 
construction Acts of 1867. 

His ability and popularity were fully demonstrated when, in 
August, 1878, he was elected Judge of the Superior Court of North 
Carolina, receiving a majority of 75,000 in the State and every vote 
but one in Waynesville. During his term of office Judge Gudger 
held court in every county in the State. After his retirement from 
the bench he continued the practice of law, in Waynesville, until 
1 y94 when he was appointed to a position in the treasury department 
at Washington, a position he still retains. 

Judge Gudger was married, August 28, 1861, to Mary Godwin 
Willis, of Buncombe Comity, who died Dec. 1891 in Waynesville. 
Of four children born to them three survive: Eugene Willis Gudger, 
professor of biology in the State Normal College at Greensboro, took 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity in 1906 and is now serving his second year in the State college; 
David S. Gadger, now in the jewelry business in Asheville; and 
Aiinie Elizabeth, now Mrs. Ch?.s. E. Quinlan, of Waynesville. Mary 
Inez, another daughter, died in 1899. 

Judge Ferguson. 

Garland Sevier Ferguson was born in this county, May 6th, 
1843. His father, William Ferguson, was a native of South Carolina 
but came to Haywood with his parents when quite young. His 
grandfather was Robin Ferguson, who emigrated from Tyrone 


County in the northern part of Ireland to Souft Carolina while a 
youngman. His mother was Ruth Gibson, daughter of Nathan Gib- 
s,,ii of Burke County, this State. 

judge Fergue sperienced many difficulties in acquiring an 

education, owing to the meagre opportunities afforded by a sparsely 
.ettled community. He was a farmer's son and was busj with arm 
work until the outbreak of the Civil war when he enlisted al the 

„,- eighteen ... Company P of the 25th North Carolina infantry. 
He entered milltarj Bervice ... June, 1861, and served continuously 
to the close of the war. 

Daring his term of Bervice he was promoted from private to 
sergeant and ... 1864, was .missioned second lieutenant. With 

Judge «'- . 


his regiment he was in some of the bloodiest battles of the war, and 
if the testimony of his comrades is reliable, he was a gallant and 
fearless soldier. lie was wounded three times, the last wound, re- 
ceived at Petersburg, Va., crippling him so badly that he has never 
fully recovered from its effects. That wound ended his career as 
a soldier and came near ending his life, for he was laid up in the 
hospital for four or five months. 

Keturning home late in August, 1865, and while still on crutches 
he was elected clerk of the Superior Court and re-elected in 1868, 
resigning the office in 1871. While holding the position as clerk he 
studied law under the guidance of J. C. L. Gudger and W. L. Nor- 
wood, both of whom have since served terms upon the bench, and 
was licensed to practice in 1867. 

In 1871 Judge Ferguson formed a law partnership with his 
brother, W. B. Ferguson, which continued until 1878 when he was 
elected solicitor for this judicial district, which position he held 
until 1882. Before becoming solicitor he represented the county in 
the Senate during the session of 1876-77. In 1902 he was nominated 
for the position of judge in this, the sixteenth judicial district, over 
Judge Jones, of Franklin, who had just been appointed to the office 
by Gov. Chas. B. Aycock. He was triumphantly elected at the 
polls and is now serving his sixth year. He has held court in most 
of the counties of the State, and everywhere he is regarded as an 
upright judge. 

For thirty years Judge Ferguson was active in the politics of 
this county and district. He is a ready speaker and in the political 
campaigns, previous to his being elected to his present position, his 
services as a campaigner were in demand. 

November 22, 1866, Judge Ferguson was married to Sarah F. 
Norwood-, sister of Judge W. L. Norwood of Waynesville. Their 
children are : Nathan N., Sarah Frances, now Mrs. E. J. Robeson, 
of Gainsville, Ga., James W., Joseph B., Garland S., Jr., John N., and 
Lillian. The three sons first mentioned are now living in Waynes- 
ville. Garland S. Jr., is a rising young lawyer of Greensboro and 
John, who is a graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, 
is now an ensign on the battleship, Massachusetts, and holds the 
world's record as a marksman with an eight-inch gun, a distinction 
he won in 1907 at target practice off the coast of California. 

Judge Norwood. 

William Lucas Norwood was born in Franklin County, N. C, 

July 1st. 1841. Bis father, James H. Norw 1. was a aative of Hills- 

boro and a graduate of the State University, where he was a class- 
mate of Governor and United States Senator W. A. Graham. En 
1846 James II. Norwood moved with his family to Haywood County 
and engaged in the praeti< t law for a time and for several years 


conducted a classical school. He received an appointment as Indian 
agent in 1851 and was sent among the Sioux Indians on the north- 
west frontier and was murdered by white desperadoes in 1852 at 
a place known as Sargents Bluff on the Missouri River. "William 
Norwood, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was also a native 
of this State, and was superior court judge for sixteen years. 

Judge Norwood's mother was Sarah Benners of Newborn, 
daughter of Lucas Benners, one of the old time planters of that 

After the death of his father in 1852, Judge Norwood, not yet in 
his teens, was sent to the famous Bingham school at Mebane, then 
in charge of "William Bingham, father of Colonel Robert Bingham 
of Asheville. There he remained four years. Afterwards he attended 
school one year in Macon County under the tutelage of Leonidas 
F. Siler. 

After leaving school he became a teacher in Haywood County 
and was engaged in this occupation until 1860 when he went to 
Arkansas. Upon the outbreak of the war between the States in 1861 
he enlisted in Capt. McKane's company of Arkansas State troops and 
was mustered in at Fort Smith, Ark. He served throughout the 
war in infantry, cavalry, and artillery organization. He was for 
two years in McNally's battery of Pine Bluff. Ark., and about one 
year in companies of authorized scouts. His early infantry expe- 
rience was mostly with company B of the fifth regiment of Arkan- 
sas troops. He was engaged in many skirmishes and several big 
battles, notably the battles of Wilson's Creek, Elk Horn, Corinth, 
Iuka, and Yieksburg. 

Returning to this county, at the close of hostilities, -Indue Nor- 
wood studied law and obtained county court license in 1866, and 
superior court license in 1867. He has continued the practice of 
his profession since, with the exception of the time he was on the 
superior court bench. He was elected to that high position in 
November, 1894, and served, until his resignation in 1899. 

Judge Norwood was married, March 4th, 1872, to Anna Dink- 
worth of Brevard. Of six children born to them only two are 
living, namely: John W r .. his law partner, nad Louise B., now Mrs. 
Robert C. Lawrence, of Lumbert m, N. C. 

W. B. Ferguson. 

William Burder Ferguson waa bora in this county May 17th, 
lg - His father w.-is William Ferguson, a native of South Caro- 
lina and ;i ^"ti of Robin Ferguson who emigrated while a young 
man from Tyrone County in Ireland and firsl settled in South 
Carolina. The mother of W. B. was Ruth Gibson, daughter of Nathan 
< tibson of Burke < founty. 

After his preliminary education at the Bchoola of the county, 


Mr. Ferguson studied law and was admitted to practice in May. 
ii Gilmer County, Georgia, where lie had gone to live. In 
August of the same year he enlisted in the Confederate army, going 
into service as first lieutenant of company E. twenty-ninth North 
Carolina regiment under the command of Colonel B. B. Vance. He 
served through the East Tennessee campaign and was in the battl< 
of Murfreesboro. 

Later he was in the operations around Vicksburg, and took part 
in the engagements at Koine. Ga.. Kenesaw, Mountain, and Atlanta. 
Shortly after the fall of that city he was retired for physical dis- 
ability, and returned to Haywood County about the close of the war 
Here he taught school several terms and read law relative to North 
Carolina practice. After two years spent in Texas he returned to 
Waynesville where he has since resided, practicing his profession 
and attending to his farming interests. Mr. Ferguson has served as 
mayor and town commissioner of Waynesville and is a prominent 
and substantial citizen. 

He was married August 26th. 1866 to Laura A. Reeves, a 
daughter of John Reeves of Madison County. Seveii children have 
been born to them, all living. The extraordinary careers and abil- 
ities of their four sons mark this family as one of national distinc- 
tion. Herbert E. is mayor of Waynesville and Democratic nominee 
for the Legislature. Homer L.. is a graduate of the United States 
Naval Academy and Naval Construction Officer tor the Newport 
News Shipbuilding Company. Harley B. is a graduate of West Point, 
a captain in the United States Engineer Corps, and in charge of 
extensive river improvements with headquarters at Montgomery, 
Ala.. William B. is also a graduate of the United States Naval 
Academy, and is in eharge of naval construction at Quincy, Mass. 
The daughters are Ida L.. wife of Rev. John C. Orr, presiding 
elder of the Knoxville. Term, distinct. Marjorie and Maud, wife of 
Mr'. Shuford, of Hickory. 

Dr. B. F. Smathers. 

Benjamin Franklin Smathers was born in Buncombe near the 
boundary line of Haywood County on Augusl 3, 1851, and comes 
from a family whose descendants are more numerous than any other 
family in this county. His father, John Charles, 'still living at 
Turnpike) and his grand father. George Smathers. were both born 
in Haywood, the latter passing away at the ripe aire of !>(>. 


Mis mother was Lucilla Johnson, daughter of Harry Johnson, 
wli,» came t" tins country when aboul ten years old, and was 
verj popular among ili«' citizens of earl} days. Dr. Smathers 

lucated al the Behools here and at .Mills River Academy in 
Henderson County. He then wenl t<> Philadelphia where he Btudied 
dentistry at the Philadelphia Dental College, and * ced his 

jion ;it WayneBville ever Bince. Citj and county affairs have 
always been of Bpecial interesl t<> him and his work lias justly 
placed linn in the rank of public spirited citizens. He is at present 
s member <>f tli«' Board of Aldermen, and lias been a member <>f the 
Board of Trustees of the Graded School since its organization. He 
me of the founders of the Waynesville Academy, and held the 
office of County treasurer one term, 1886-88. Dr. Smathers was mar- 
ried August 1st.. 187§ to L.nira W. Howell, a daughter of Dr. I>. 
(' Howell of this cniinu . Of eleven children born to them, uine are 
living: Adora, Dr. Jobjj II.. Jerry R., Prank, bow a lawyer at At- 
lantic City, N. J., Clem 8., Robert, Lyda, Will and Wilsie. 

E. P. Hyatt. 

Elisha Parker Hyatt, one of the oldest living oatives of Hay- 
wood County, was born on the <>hl homestead of lus father near 
Waynesville, April 16th, 1823. He is the son of Elisha Hyatt, also 
born in this county, ami grandson of Edward Hyatt, one of the 
early pioneers of this sed i<>n. 

Left fatherless at the age of five years, and being one of a very 
large family, his educational advantages were of the most meagre 
kind, and he became early inured to hard work and frugal li\m<_ r . 
He remained on the farm until the Bpring of 1864 when he joined 
the < lonfederate army, enlisting in tin- sixth North Carolina regimenl 
and was afterwards transferred to the sixty-ninth I Thomas' Legion. I 
He was in the battles of Martinsburg, Winchester, Staton, Cedar 
Creek, Harpers Perry, and other minor engagements, and was three 
times wounded. He served until the surrender in April. 1865, his 
last commander being Colonel James R. Love. His eldest son, 
William D. Hyatt had preceded him in the army enlisting at the age 
of seventeen Two years later this gallant boy was killed in battle. 

Returning to ins bereaved and desolate hem.' he again took up 
the straggle of life with unflinching courage, and with such success 
that he not .miy educated and started Ins children well <>n their 
careers hut is also regarded as one of the wealthiest farmers in 


E. P. Hyatt 

Haywood County. Although in his eighty-sixth year Mr. Hyatt is 
still actively at work on his big farm, and bids fair to enjoy his 
serene and kindly old age for many years among his numerous des- 

He was married in January, 1845 to Miss Dorcas Dougherty, of 
Buncombe County, who died in 1900. Of eight children born to 
them, five are living: F. Taylor, Pinckney E., John B., Jefferson D., 
and Robert E. 


Attorney-General Gilmer. 

Robert D. Gilmer, the present attorney-general of North Caro- 
lina, was bora in Mount Airy. Surry County, N. C, May 2nd, 1858. 
His father, Samuel L. Gilmer, was b native of Guilford County and 
a well knows business man. Hia mother was Matilda Moore, grand- 
daughter of Je«ie Franklin, a Revolutionary soldier, governor of 
the Stat.- and United States Senator. 

Mr. Gilmer was educated at Emory and Benry College in Vir- 
ginia and read law under Dick and Dillard in Greensboro. He 
was admitted to the bar in iss:i and located in Waynesville in 1885. 


For fifteen years he was a leading attorney at the Haywood County 

The young lawyer was soon attracted into politics, and in 
1888 was chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Hay- 
wood County. In 1890 he was elected to the lower braneh of the 
State Legislature and re-elected in 1892. While in the General 
Assembly Mr. Gilmer took an active interest in all matters pertain- 
ing to education and especially championing a bill establishing the 
State Normal and Industrial College at Greensboro. After the 
College became a reality Mr. Gilmer was appointed on the board 
of trustees and served in that capacity until he was elected attor- 
ney-general in 1900. 

In 1896 he was presidential elector on the Democratic ticket 
for the ninth congressional district and made an effective and able 
campaign. His campaign that year brought the attention of the 
mountain people to him, and in 1900 he won the nomination for 
attorney-general over an able opponent and was elected by over 
sixty thousand majority at the polls. He filled the office so accept- 
ably that in 1904 he was renominated without opposition and re- 
elected by another big majority. He is now serving the last year of 
his second term. 

Besides the positions already mentioned General Gilmer was for 
two years a member of the Graded School board of Waynesville and 
rendered material assistance in getting those schools organized and 
in good running order. 

February 26th, 1884, Mr. Gilmer married Love Branner, of 
Asheville, a great granddaughter of Colonel Robert Love and 
daughter of Joseph Branner, a native of Jefferson County, Tennes- 
see. Their two children are Branner, a young attorney of Waynes- 
ville and Josephine, now at school in Raleigh. 

Colonel Stringfield. 

William Williams* Stringfield was born in Nashville, Tenn., 
May 7th, 1837. 

The founder of the American branch of the family was Richard 
Stringfield, who settled in Virginia in colonial times. James String- 
field, a descendant of Richard, held a captain's commission in the 
Continental army, and with his son John were among the early 
pioneers of western North Carolina in the days immediately suc- 
ceeding the Revolution. John Stringfield left a son, Rev. Thomas 


CdI. W. W. Stringfield 

Stringfield, who was a widely known preacher of the early days in 
K;tst Tennessee ami editor of the Southwestern Christian Advocate, 
the first organ of the M. B. Church, South, being elected to thai 
position by the Conference in 1836. This distinguished preacher, 
soldier (he was severely wounded while Berving as chaplain in An- 
drew Jackson's arm} and writer « i i < -« 1 at Strawberry Plains. Tenn., 

.Finn- 12, 1858 

Colonel Stringfield is a s6n of the aoted divine above men- 
tioned, and \\ as reared and educated at Strawberry Plains, where 
he spent M large portion of his boyhood days. 

In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil war, he enlisted as & pri- 
vate in Company F. Kir-st Tennessee cavalry and Berved under 


General Zollicoffer in Tennessee and Kentucky. During the follow- 
ing winter, while at home on sick leave, he organized company E, 
thirty-first Tennessee infantry and was elected its captain. He 
served in this regiment until September 27th, 1862, and resigned to 
accept the position of major in Thomas's Legion (sixty-ninth North 
Carolina). With this command he was in many battles and minor 
engagements including Staunton, Kernstown, Winchester, Stras- 
burg, Berryville and others. 

In December, 1864, he was transferred with his regiment to west- 
ern North Carolina, and, being put in command of the department 
between the French Broad and the Hiawassee Rivers, he performed 
gallant service in the closing months of the war. While in the dis- 
charge of his duties in that capacity he was commissioned lieutenant 

About the last of April, 1865, before it was generally known in 
western North Carolina that Lee had surrendered, Colonel String- 
field went under orders from General Martin at Asheville to Knox- 
Ville, Tennessee, with a flag of truce to negotiate with the Federal 
commander at that place for the surrender of the department of 
western North Carolina. The union troops at Knoxville disregarded 
the flag of truce, seized Stringfield and his companions, and threw 
them into prison, where they were held for more than a month, or 
until all hostilities had ceased. 

After the war Colonel Stringfield settled in Haywood County, 
but from 1868 to 1872 had business interests in Asheville. In 1879 
he built the White Sulphur Springs hotel near Waynesville and was 
proprietor of the same for many years, or until he sold it some years 

In the Legislature of 1883 he represented Haywood County in 
the lower house. In 1901 he was elected to the Senate and re-elected 
in 1903. While in the General Assembly he was ever the friend 
of the Confederate veteran and was instrumental in getting enacted 
some laws for the relief of the indigent among them. He has been 
a member of the Graded School board of Waynesville for ten years. 
In 1871 he was married to Maria M. Love, daughter of Colonel 
James R. Love, and grand-daughter of Colonel Robert Love. Of 
Fev»n children born to them six are now living, namely : Dr. Thomas, 
Dr. Samuel L., James L., Sarah, Linda, now Mrs. H. J. Sloan, and 
Margaret. Mary L., who married Mr. J. H. C. Wulbern, of Charles- 
ton. S. C. and who died in 1907, was a woman of strong charactei 
and vigorous mind. 


Capt. W. H. Hargrove. 

William Harrison Hargrove is a oative of Hay* 1 County and 

WM born January 31st, L841. Hia Esther was Augustus Columbus 
Hargrove, a oative of Mecklenburg County, N. C, who removed 

a 1 in 1824 when he was twelve yeara old. 

His mother was Ellen Childress, born \p Buncombe County, 
daughter of Samuel Childreaa who removed to thia State from 


Tennessee. Captain Hargrove attended the public schools and also 
the private school of John M. Melver at Waynesville. 

In June. 1861, he enlisted as a private in Captain Lenoir's 
Company of the twenty-fifth North Carolina infantry. He was 
appointed orderly sergeant in 1862. and soon after was raised to 
the rank of first lieutenant and captain. He was engaged in 
numerous battles and skirmishes, notably Seven Pines, Harpers 
Ferry, Antietam, Fredericksburg, operations around Petersburg, 
Weldon's railroad, Fort Steadman, and Five Forks. During the 
latter engagement he rescued Lieutenant G. S. (now Judge) Fer- 
guson who was desperately wounded but was captured himself and 
sent as a prisoner of war to Sandusky, Ohio. 

He was released in June, 1865, and returned to Haywood 
County. Captain Hargrove has been closely identified with the 
affairs of the county especially in the welfare and development of 

He has served on the Board of County Commissioners, has 
been for many years county surveyor, and in 1888 was elected to 
the Legislature for one term. 

He was married November 9th. 1869 to Nancy Louisa Cathey, 
a direct descendant of Colonel Joseph Cathey a distinguished set- 
tler of Haywood County. She died in June, 1882. Their children 
are: James Burton. Joseph A., Dr. Theodore A.. Florence, now Mrs. 
D. F. Rhinehart of Wavnesville, and William Walter. 

Joseph S. Davis. 

Joseph Smalley Davis, born in Haywood County December 
9th, 1852, is a son of Francis McGee Davis, who was also born here 
and occupied a prominent place among his fellow citizens as a mem- 
ber of the Legislature four terms and who held other important po- 

Mr. Davis's mother was Miss Angeline Ferguson, daughter of 
Andrew Ferguson, both natives of Haywood County. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of the county, and after finising his education, 
was engaged in teaching at intervals for about ten years. He has 
the distinction of serving as magistrate in Iron Duff township six 
years without ever charging a fee. 

In 1892 he was district lecturer for the Farmers' Alliance and 
did active service in that position. He was elected to the State 


Joseph S. Davis 

Senate in 1890 and re-elected in 1892; elected to the Lower House 
in 1898, and again in l!M>4. 

In ls!»:<. while in the legislature, be introduced and had 
passeii the liill whieh pave the prohibition law to tins county. 

He was married in Dee.. 1878 to Nancy J. Medford who died 
in August, 1889. The two children by this marriage are: Grover C, 

who won a L'ohl medal in the «1^»h1 hmj" <-o <( ».M at < uliowhee High 
School last May, and Flora. DOW -Mrs. \V. EL Boyd. .Mr. Davis mar- 
ried »gain in 1895, his wife being KHa .Moody of tins county. Six 


children have been born to them, all living: Moody, Faraday. Joseph 
Simmons. Frank, Est her, Lee Ferguson. 

Mr. Davis is a prominent member of the M. E. Church, South, 
and a member of Clyde lodge of Masons. Besides taking an active 
interest in politics he is a good farmer and has taken much interest 
in the improvement of the farming interest of the county. 

William T. Lee. 

William Thomas Lee was born on Jonathan's Creek, August 
14th, 1858. His father. Henry C. Lee, was a native of Cabarrus 
County, but moved to Haywood in 1856 and settled in the Jonathan's 
Creek valley. He was a prominent and successful merchant and 
farmer. His mother was Margaret Henry Lee, daughter of Lorenzo 
Henry of this county. 

While a boy Mr. Lee was sent to the common schools of the 
county where he received the rudiments of an education. He 
further pursued his studies at the Waynesville Academy, thus re- 
ceiving a substantial education that has stood him in good stead in 
all the different experiences he has met with since. 

At the age of twenty-one he was appointed deputy sheriff, and 
a year later was elected town marshal of Waynesville, in which 
capacity he was conspicious for his ability in enforcing the law 
and preserving good order in the community. After serving two 
years in this capacity he resigned and engaged in the mercantile 
business in Waynesville in which he has since continued, the present 
firm name being Lee & Mock. 

Mr! Lee has always been closely identified with all matters 
pertaining to Haywood County. He has, also, been deeply inter- 
ested in all the affairs of Wayensville. He has held the office of 
Mayor of the city as well as treasurer and alderman. In 1894 he 
was elected to the lower house of the State Legislature and served 
in that body during the session of 1895, where he proved himself to 
be active and fearless. 

As a politician Mr. Lee is aggressive. For four years he was 
chairman of the Haywood County Democratic executive committee 
and waged energetic and successful campaigns. At present he is 
chairman of the Democratic executive committee of the tenth 
congressional district, having been -Chosen to that position in 
1906 and again in 1908. He is also a member of the State Demo- 
cratic executive committee. 


William T Lee 

In L903 he was appointed by Governor Aycock as ■ member 

of tl ommission, ordered by the Legislature, to examine the con- 

dition of the Atlantic and North Carolina railroad. He is no* preei- 
denl of the Waynesville board of trade and the Haywood County 

Fair Association. 

Mr. Lee was married in 1883 to Margarel tthineharl of Way- 
neeville. Of their nine children all are Livyif ; Henry ia a gtaduate 
of the United stat.-^ Naval Academy and an ensign on the battle- 
ship Rhode lslan.1: Lowry is in l.nsin.-ss with his father; Clarine, 
Evelyn, Anna. Bessie, William T. .Ir.. and Charles Alton. 


Capt. R. A. L. Hyatt. 

Robert Alney La Fayette Hyatt was born in Haywood County 
October 11th, 1862. He is a great grandson of Edward Hyatt, one 
of the first settlers who came to this section about the close of the 
Revolutionary Avar, and whose sketch appears in this book in connec- 
tion with the early pioneers. Captain Hyatt's grandfather, Elisha, 
and his father. R. A. L. Hyatt, were born in this county, the latter 
giving up his life in the cause of the Confederacy during the war 
between the States. The mother of Captain Hyatt was Margaret 
Louisa Mehaffey. of this county, a daughter of Joseph Mehaffey. 

After being graduated from the Waynesville Academy he was 
granted a first grade certificate as a .teacher and taught school sev- 
eral terms in the county. At the age of 18 he went to Texas and 
was engaged there about two years in the lumber business. In 
1888 he closed up his interests in that State and has since resided 
on the old home farm near "Waynesville. 

Having a strong predilection for military affairs, he joined the 
State guard of North Carolina and served seven years being 
Captain of his company four years, resigning in 1895. In 1898 he 
was appointed adjutant of the second North Carolina regiment with 
his present rank and resigned a year later owing to the demands of 
business. Again in May. 1901. he was called by election to the com- 
mand of company H First North Carolina regiment which he held 
until he resigned once more retiring to private life. 

In matters pertaining to the welfare of the county. Captain 
Hyatt has always displayed an active interest. He was appointed to 
the office of county treasurer in 1889 to fill out an unexpired term, 
and was twice elected to the same position resigning in 1893. In 
1898 he was again appointed treasurer and in the fall of the same 
year was elected to the same office, re-elected in 1900 and again in 
1902. He was elected a member of the County Board of Education in 
1897 and served until his appointment as county treasurer in 1898. 
He was elected to his present office in 1906 for a term of four years. 

In 1902 he was married to Miss Jincie E. M. Patton. a native of 
this county and descendant of an old family of this section. In 
connection with his brother. Ira M., road master of the county, and 
under the firm name of Hyatt -Bros.,- he rC-^n4ucis an important 
business in surveying and real estate. Captain Hyatt is an enthu- 
siastic farmer and owns several fine farms, notably his splendid 
home place and one near Canton all of which are highly cultivated. 
He is a prominent member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Knights of Pythias, and Royal Arcanum. 


Captain K. A. L. Hyatt 


Major J. W. Norwood. 

John Wall Norwood was born in Brevard, N. C, Feb. 2, 1876, and 
is the son and law partner of Judge W. L. Norwood. His home 
has been at Waynesville since he was three years old. After acquir- 
ing a liberal education from the local school and at the University 
of North Carolina, he studied law at the latter institution and 
with his father, and was admitted to the bar in Feb. 1898. 

Upon the outbreak of war with Spain he entered the service 
with company H, first North Carolina regiment. On Sept. 1st, 1899 
he was commissioned second lieutenant in the regular army and 
assigned to the twenty-third United States infantry, and promoted 
to the rank of first lieutenant in the same regiment April 1st, 1901. 
He resigned his commission Oct. 24th, 1905, and has since been 
in active practice of his profession with his father at Waynesville. 

During his service in the army he was engaged in important 
duties in the Philippine Islands, and was four times officially com- 
mended for excellent work. He spent four years in the Philippines 
and acquitted himself creditably in various and hazardous assign- 
ments. He was with the second expedition from Mindanao to Jolo 
against the hostile Moros, and other expeditions around Lake 
Lanas, and through the Rio Grande valley against the insurgent 

He commanded his company in the engagement with Datto Ali 
and his men, and was also in command at Bannison and the fight 
at Talayan in Mindanao. Among his numerous duties on detached 
service he acted as signal officer and also engineer, his report of 
important surveys being forwarded to the Admiral in charge of 
operations in the islands. 

Besides service in the East he has served at home as Captain of 
company H, first North Carolina, National Guards, and was ap- 
pointed by Governor Glenn to the post of Asst. Inspector-General 
with the rank of Major. He is the author of an admirable little 
book of instructions to private soldiers which is now in its third 
edition and used as a text book by the National Guards of several 

Major Norwood was married Feb. 18, 1903 to Miss Emma Dun- 
ham, daughter of Col. B. Dunham of Montgomery, Ala. She was 
with him in the Philippines and underwent the many hardships in- 
cident to the wife of a soldier in foreign service. 


Major J. W. Norwood 

William J. Hannah. 

William Johnson Hanaah was born in Cattaloochee township, 
Aug. 3, 1867, and is a son of John J. Hannah, who was also born in 
tins county. His mother was Martha Simmmons, a native of Iredell 
County. Both parents are still living. 

Mr. Hannah was educated at Waynesville Academy, Wake 
For.-si College, and the State University, getting his law training 
at the last mentioned Bchool. He stood the examination before the 
Supreme Courl in 1897 and was admitted to the bar the sami 
Previous to thai time he had read law for two years under the 
guidance of General R. l». Gilmer, ami was a teacher in the Bchoola 
of the county for aboul six years. 


In 1894 he was elected treasurer of Haywood County and re- 
elected in 1896. In April. 1898, when war was declared against 
Spain for the liberation of Cuba he promptly volunteered for the 
war. He was elected captain of company C, composed of Haywood 
County men. and assigned to the fourth regiment of North Carolina 
State troops. Afterwards the company was mustered into the ser- 
vice of the United States as company H and assigned to the first 
regiment of North Carolina volunteer infantry. The other commis- 
sioned officers of the company were Thomas Stririgfield, Hugh A. 
Love, and Benjamin Kirkpatrick. 

Leaving Raleigh for the seat of war in Cuba the regiment ar- 
rived in Jacksonville. Fla., in June expecting to be taken at once 
to Cuba, but was held there until December. In that month, how- 
ever, the regiment was ordered to Ilavanna along with others for 
the occupation of that city, and had the distinction of being the 
first regiment to bear a United States flag through the streets of 
the Cuban capital. Captain Hannah's company bearing the colors. 
The war being over the company was mustered out of service at 
Savannah. Ga-. April 22. 1899. 

For the past nine years Captain Hannah has been in active 
practice of his profession, first as a partner of Hon. "W. T. Carwford, 
and lately by himself. At the request of the mayor and board of 
aldermen of Waynesville he compiled the presenl code of the city's 
laws, which was printed in 1907. In April of that year he went 
with his family to Oklahoma expecting to make that young State 
his h >me, but he returned the same year and is now actively iden- 
tit!" I w ; th the interests of Waynesville and Haywood County. 

In 1901 he was appointed Judge Advocate General on the 
sraff of Governor Chas. B. Aycock, with the rank of Colonel and 
skived in that capacity four years. In September 1899 Colonel 
ll.'.-jjnah was married to Josephine Tucker, of Tennessee. They have 
one son; William Tucker, who was born Feb. 9, 1901. 


William J. Hannah 


John F. Eccne. 

John Kacer Bcone v fras born in Crabtr.e township November 
23, 1851. His father, Marcus L. Boone, was also a native of Crab- 
tree; but his grandfather, Ka ier Boone, came to this county while 
a young man and married a Miss Moody on .Jonathan's Creek. Mr. 
Boone's mother was .Miranda Rogers of (rah reo, daughter of John 
Rogers of that township. The family dose i:t is traced back to 
Daniel Boone, the Celebrated backwoodsman and hunter. 

After acquiring a good education in the schools of the county 
and at the High School in Franklin. Mr. Boone engaged in teach- 
ing and as a teacher became well known in the county. He was for 
some time principal of the High School in Waynesville and as such 
made quite a reputation as a teacher and disciplinarian. Among 
his pupils were some who have since become prominent citizens. 

In 1878. he was solicited to become a candidate for the office 
of register of deeds. He was nominated and elected. In that 
capacity he served one term. In 1880 he was elected clerk of the 
Superior Court of Haywood County and re-elected each four years 
until 1898, thus serving continuously for eighteen years. As clerk 
Mr. Boone did some of his best work as the books he kept during 
his term will show. 

Mr. Boone. was always deeply interested in the cause of educa- 
cation. In 1899 when the Graded Schools of Waynesville were or- 
ganized he was one of their chief supporters. He was named in the 
bill, organizing the schools, as a member of the board of trustees, 
chosen as chairman of the board, and later as one of the teachers 
in the school. He has been chairman of the board continuously since 
its organization in 1899. 

In 1900 he engaged in his present business as proprietor and 
manager of the Builders Depot near the railroad station in Way- 
nesville and has built up a profitable business. 

He was married, in 1878, to Mary E. Kerr, daughter of Rev. 
William M. Kerr, a noted Methodist preacher wdiose labors cov- 
ered all the State west of the Blue Ridge. The living children are: 
J. Mark, Mary A., Will K, Elizabeth II., Anna, Robert H., James 
K., and Roger. Three daughters, Harriet, Frances, and Ethel, died 
in the bloom of young womanhood. 

At preesnt, besides being chairman of the board of trustees 
of the Graded School, Mr. Boone is a member of the county board 
of education. He is a Mason, and an influential member of the 
Methodist Church. 


John K. Boone 

John Henry Boyd. 

For years the Boyd family has been prominent in the affaire of 
Haywood County. In business circles, in agricultural interests, and 
in politics representatives of the family have taken tedding parts, 
and have acquitted themselves creditably. 

Originally the family came from Tyrone County, Ireland. In 
the early pari of the mneteenth century the elder Boyd, the first 

of the nam.- in this part of the State, eanie from the old country 

and settled in Buncombe County, where be entered large tracts of 
good mountain Land and became a successful and prosperous farmer. 


John Henry Boyd, the subject of this sketch, was born, April 
11, 1843, on Sandy Mush Creek in Buncombe County, where his 
father Robert Boyd, son of the first one, was then living. His 
mother's name was Elizabeth Garrett Boyd, a woman of strong 
character and bright mind. 

In 1853 Robert Boyd moved from Buncombe to Haywood 
having bought the Welch place on lower Jonathan. The boy was 
then ten years of age. He was sent to school at Leicester in Bun- 
combe County for a short time and then to Rev. William Hicks ana 
Prof. J. R. Long at Tuscola. He was at school in Waynesville in 
1861, when the Civil war began. 

Leaving school at the first alarm of war Mr. Boyd, when 
eighteen years old. enlisted in the first company that went out from 
Haywood County, which company, under the command of Captain 
R. G. A. Love, became company L of the sixteenth north Caro- 
lina regiment. After being mustered into service at Raleigh the 
regiment was ordered to north-west Virginia and was in camp for 
a month at Valley Mountain, Va. 

Going then into active service Mr. Boyd, with his company, was 
in the command of General Robert E. Lee in West Virginia during 
the summer and fall of 1861. After spending the winter at Wolf 
Run Shoals the regiment was sent to Yorktown and participated in 
the peninsular campaign, being in the battles of Williamsburg and 
Seven Pines. A few weeks later the Seven Days battles around 
Richmond were fought and Mr. Boyd, with his company, was in the 
thickest of the fight, being once slightly wounded by the bursting 
of a shell. 

in the fall of 1862 he. with his regiment, was transferred to 
Thomas's Legion and thereafter did active service in East Tennessee, 
being in some of the battles in that district. His company was 
known as company E of that command. In April 1861 Mr. Boyd was 
taken prisoner at Carter's Depot, carried to Indianapolis, Ind., and 
held for a year. He was released, by exchange, in April, 1865, and 
reached home about the time of the close of the war. 

For a year after the war Mr. Boyd went to school and then 
began active life as a farmer, in which he has been successful in 
accumulating quite a good deal of property. He has been, qnjte in- 
fluential in the affairs of the county, being for some years tax col- 
lector and for one term sheriff. He has always been a friend of edu- 
cation and ever on the side of progress. 

December 3rd, 1867, Mr. Boyd was married to Rebecca J. 
Brown of this county. Three children were born to them, namely: 


James K. Boyd 
James R. Boyd, who is now Register of Deeds and Cashier of the 
Commercial Hank of Waynesville, Margarel Frances now Mrs. C. 
A. Campbell, and Dr. I). A. Boyd who died a few years ago. 

Se was again married on the 12th of January. 1880. to Sarah 
Rickaon Plott sister of Robert Plott. The children of the second 
li — iff NR! 8arah Elizabeth, new Mrs. F. I). Ferguson, of Waynes- 
ville. Lillie Willis, now Mrs. L. E. Perry, of Aaherille, Gay Pearson, 
now Mrs. ("has. P. Owen, of Dellwood, and Robert Plott Boyd, now 
in school at Tuaculum, Tennessee. 

Mr. Boyd is a member el the Methodist Church and a liberal 
supporter of that denomination. 


Thomas Stringfield, M. D. 

Dr. Stringfield was bom in Jefferson City, Tenn., March 18th, 
1872, but was brought to Waynesville by his parents when about 
three months old. He is a son of Colonel W. W. Stringfield, grand- 
son of Rev. Thomas Stringfield, and great-grandson of Colonel 
Robert Love on his mother's side of the family. He pursued 
courses of study at Trinity College, Durham, N. C, University of 
North Carolina, and Vanderbilt University at Nashville, Tenn., 
graduating from the medical department of the latter institution 
in the class of 1898. 

Before he had entered upon the practice of his profession the 
war with Spain broke out. He at once volunteered and was 
chosen first lieutenant of company C, fourth regiment North Caro- 
lina troops, and went with his company to Raleigh, where the 
command was mustered in as company H first North Carolina vol- 
unteer infantry. In the summer of 1898 the regiment was sent to 
Florida and held in camp there until the war was practically over. 

In the fall of 1898, after hostilities had ceased the regiment, 
along with others, was sent to Havanna and was the first regiment 
to bear the United States flag through the streets of that city, com- 
pany H bearing the colors. Lieutenant Stringfield remained with 
his company until it was mustered out of service in April, 1899, 
after which he returned to Waynesville. 

Since 1899 Dr. Stringfield has been in actice practice of medi- 
cine, and has been prominently identified with the interests of the 
county and town. In 1900 he was elected mayor of "Waynesville 
and re-elected in 1901 and 1903. In 1906 he was president of the 
Haywood County Medical Society. 

In military matters Dr. Stringfield has been prominent. He was 
appointed by Governor Aycock to the position of assistant inspec- 
tor-general with the rank of major. By Governor Glenn he was 
appointed assistant inspector-general with the rank of lieutenant 
colonel and promoted in January, 1907, to the position of inspector- 
general with the rank of Colonel, which position he still holds. 

He was married, Dec. 26th, 1905, to Mamie E. Moore, of Bir- 
mingham, . Ala. They have one child, Sydenham M., born Oct. 
25th, 1906: 

Dr. Stringfield is a member of the Masonic order, Odd Fellows, 
Knights of Pythias, Royal Arcanum and Woodmen of the World. 
Prof essionalty he holds membership in the American Medical As- 
sociation, North Carolina Medical Society, and Haywood County 
Medical Society. 


Dr. Thomas Stringfield 

Marion DeKalb Kinslatid. 
.Marion DeKalb Kinslaml was born, April 30, L855, oil Garden 
Greek in Haywood County. His father is JoaHua Kinaland, who 

was born July 4th. L82Y, being QOW in his n-hty-^'i-niM yen- 1 1 is 

greal grand father Kinsland came from Germany i<» this country 
and located Dear Charleston, S. < '. His grand father came from 
South Carolina t<» this county ami settled bear wb,ere <';inti)ii dow 
st.imls. His ancestors <m his mother's Bide settled at rlagferstown, 

Mil., and {malty came South - it*, the n otain's of NbYth Carolina 

His mother was Mary Rhudarmer Kinslaml. •' 


Being a small boy during the war between the States he had 
only a vague conception of the struggle then going on. He has, 
hoAvever. a vivid recollection of it and of helping to make bread 
while his father was away in the army. He remembers also the in- 
tense anxiety he felt during that time for the safety of his father 
and how he watched his mother every time she received a letter or 
read the newspapers. 

After the war was over Mr. Kinsland when a boy of twelve 
or fourteen went to school at Locust Field near Pigeon Kiver. 
Later, he went to school at Bethel Academy near Sonoma in 
1874. 1875. and 1876. getting a good education which has stood him 
in good stead in bis business of life. 

Leaving school Mr. Kinsland taught for two years in the 
public schools. Turning his attention then to farming he entered 
that field of labor and has continued in that capacity ever since. 
He has been very successful both as a farmer and stock-raiser. It 
can truthfully be said of him that be has made two blades of grass 
grow where only one grew before. 

For a number of years Mr. Kinsland was justice of the peace 
in his township and for two years was chairman of the county 
board of education. In 1902 he was elected to the lower house of 
the State Legislature and served one term. As a member of the 
General Assembly he was successful in getting through that body 
some laws that have been very beneficial to the county. Against 
many protests he introduced the first bil that provided for paved 
streets in Waynesville and the macadam roads leading out from 
Waynesville in every direction. Since 1903 he has held the position 
of engrossing clerk of the State Legislature to which he was elected 
in 1905. 

April 27th. 1876, he married Mary Hargrove, sifter of Captain 
Hargrove of Canton. They have six children, namely : Flora who 
married J. H. Plott, William C, Daisy E., James H., Joshua Jr., 
aftd Winnie May. 

Mr. Kinsland is a prominent Mason, having takea the Royal 
Arch degree. He is also a member o£ the S/ns of Temperance and- 
Friends of Temperance. He is a member of the M. E. Church, 

1 II 

Marion Ik-Kail) Kinsland 

Robert Henry Plott. 

Among the prominenl and influential men <>t' Ivy Hill township 
Robert Henry Plotl holds an important place. He was born in 
about two miles of bis present home, which is the exacl place where 
Jonathan McPeters, the 6rs1 settler on Jonathan's Creek, lived in 
the early days of the county. His Father, David Plott and his 
mother, Sallie Turner Plott, were both Datives of this county and 
lived in the same locality. 

As a hoy Mr. Plott worked on his father's farm and learned 
those details of farm life thai have helped him to win success. His 


education, while meagre, was of the kind that gave him an inspira- 
tion in his chosen work. He went a few sessions to the schools of 
his neighborhood and about the time he would have completed his 
education the agitation preceding the Civil war came on and 
he lost the opportunity. 

At the beginning of hostilities Mr. Plott would have volun- 
teered, but there were so many going out from the county he waited 
until a more favorable opportunity. That came in 1862 and he en- 
listed in company A, under Captain A. T. Rogers, in the sixty- 
second North Carolina regiment in command of Colonel R. G. A. 
Love. The company and regiment did service in East Tennessee for 
a year; but were captured at Cumberland Gap in September, 1863, 
and held in prison at Camp Douglas until June 20th, 1865. While 
in prison the men of the sixty-second were offered liberty if they 
would swear allegiance to the United States government. A few 
of the men yielded to the temptation, but as a whole they were 
true to the Southern Confederacy and refused to yield. Mr. Plott 
was one who refused even after the war had closed and was only 
induced to do so after he saw that the hope of the Confederate gov- 
ernment had vanished and all resistance had ceased. 

Coming back from the war and from prison Mr. Plott began his 
career as a farmer. By industry and skill he has built up a large 
estate and is now considered one of the most substantial and pros- 
perous citizens of the county. He has never held any political po- 
sitions, his inclinations never running in that direction. In 1885, 
however, he was appointed postmaster of the Ivy Hill postoffice, 
now called Plott, which position he has held to the present, being 
perhaps the only man in the county to hold an appointive office 
under administrations of different poltical parties. 

January 7th, 1873, Mr. Plott was married to Martha Moody, 
•also of this county. Their children are : Lelia V., now Mrs. R. E. 
Osborne of Waynesville ; Minnie Ray, now living in Kennedy, Ala.; 
David 0., living in Ivy Hill township ; James R., in Hamilton, Wash- 
ington; Lucile, now Mrs. Walter Brice of Atlanta, Ga. ; Grover C, 
with the Waynesville Hardware. Co. ; Homer, Roy, Grace, and 
Herbert, with their parents. One child the youngest, died. 

Mr. Plott is a member of the Baptist Church and a Mason. He 
was the third man to make application for membership in the Way- 
nesville lodge A. F. & A. M. and the second to be initiated after the 
lodge was organized. 


Rohcit 11. nn Plott 

Joseph M. L. McCracken. 
Joseph us Marcus La Payette McCracken was born Feb. 7, 1841, 
within one-fourth of a mile where he now resides on Crabtree Creek. 
His father was John M<-< Iracken, Bon of Joseph BicCracken who came 
to this section in the early Bettle enl of the county and who be- 
longed to the army that was sent into this part of the country 
to put down Indian troubles. came here from Georgia a id 

bought most of the land on Crabti e Creek and for years held it all 
except a few little farms that w owned by other parties. The 


mother of the subject of this sketch was Leannah Rogers McCracken, 
of Cleveland County. 

While a boy Mr. McCracken went to school a few months, the 
educational conveniences at that time being very meagre. In all 
he went only about six or eight months before the beginning of 
the Civil war. But the training he received under the adverse cir- 
cumstances has been of incalculable advantage to him. He was 
a farmer's son and that ,too^ gave him the training which has been 
of practical value. 

In 1861 he enlisted in compnany C, Sam C. Bryson's company 
and mustered into the twenty-fifth North Carolina regiment. It 
was the second company to go out from Haywood County. For two 
years Mr. McCracken served as private in that famous regiment 
and met with many of the hardships of the soldier's life. He was in 
some of the bloodiest battles of the Avar. Later, he was detailed 
as a courier for General Mat Ransom and served in that position for 
some time. Still later, he was transferred to company G, eighth 
North Carolina regiment and served as orderly under General T. 
L. Clingman and so continued to the close of the war. 

Returning home, after the war, Mr. McCracken began his career 
as a farmer and stock-raiser. He has steadfastly continued in that 
business and has won signal success. A few years ago he introduced 
wool growing and has found it profitable. 

In 1868 he was elected a member of the board of county com- 
missioners and served four years. A few years thereafter he was 
again a member of the board when the bitter fight about the removal 
of the court house came up. Some wanted the court house moved to 
Iron Duff or Clyde in order to get it in centre of the county. The 
fight was waged bitterly but Waynesville finally won out and the 
new court house was built there. Mr. McCracken, being on the 
board then, was in the thickest of the fight. He was on the conir 
mittee to build the court house and deserves largely the credit for 
the nice building that was put up. 

About twenty years ago he took the initiative in having a no 
fence law established in Haywood County. The law was first put 
into operation in a part of Crabtree, Iron Duff, and Clyde town- 
ships. He and M. A. Kirkpatrick, of the same township, were the 
leaders in this important measure, which was much opposed then 
but which no one will oppose now. It has been a great blessing 
to the county as it has brought about great improvement in land 
and in stock. 

Mr. McCracken was the originator of the Haywood County 
fair, in that he wrote an article to the Waynesville Courier in 1904 


Joseph MI. McCrackt n 
suggesting the fair, which suggestion was Favorably acted upon and 
the fair association organized. I!'- may justly be Btyled, therefore, 
the " Father of the Fair." 

With Lee McCracken he commenced the agitation for Bpecial 
t;ix for Bchoola in Crabtree. In 1905 Rock Springs vol •<! the Bpecial 
tax and thai distrid now 1ms a good graded Bchool. 

May 7th, 1868, he married Sophia Malissa Penland. Ten chil- 
dren have been born from this union: Sallie Leannah, Mary Jane, 
Maggie, Robert Pinckney, John Rufua, Marcus Theodore, Anna, 
Mattie May. Albert Johnston, and Franklin Fates. Mr. McCracken 
was married second time June 27th, 1908. He is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Baptist < Ihurch. 


Bavid Russell Noland. 

No family in Fines Creek township has been more active in 
building up that section of the county than the Nolands. The fam- 
ily originally came from Belgium and brought with it to this 
country some of the spirit of the ancient Belgians who resisted 
Caesar so stubbornly when he conquered their country about 55 
B. C. One branch of the family came to the mountains of western 
North Carolina and settled on Crystal Creek, now known as Fines 

David Russell Noland was born Feb 11, 1866, in Fines Creek 
township. His father is James Hardy Noland, still living an active 
old man, and his mother Sara E. Noland. As a boy he was sent 
to the public schools of his neighborhood and later to the academy 
in Waynesville while his brother, Thomas W., was principal in 
1885. Later in 1888-1890 he attended school at Weaverville College 
in Buncombe County, where he was more thoroughly equipped for 
the active duties of life. 

Returning from college Mr. Noland taught school for a year, 
and then engaged in farming and stock-raising, in which he has 
been very successful. He has succeeded in accumulating consider- 
able property and is considered to-day one of the most successful 
and prosperous farmers in Fines Creek township. 

In 1902 Mr. Noland was elected sheriff of Haywood County and 
moved to Waynesville to live. He served so acceptably that he was 
re-elected in 1904 and served until 1906, when he declined to be a 
candidate longer. Before being elected sheriff he was for a number 
of years tax collector. This year (1908) he was chosen chairman of 
the Haywood County Democratic executive committee. He now 
lives in Waynesville. 

March 11, 1892 he married Etta A. Reeves. They have one 
child, David Reeves Noland, who is in school at the academy in 

Sheriff Noland is a member of the Methodist Church and a 
Knight of Pythias. 

Rev. Thomas W. Noland, a brother of the sheriff, born August 
17, 1860, is now pastor of Hobson Church, Nashville, Tennessee. 
He was educated in the public schools, at the academy in Waynes- 
ville, and at the Normal College in Nashville, Tennessee. For two 
years, 1884 to 1886, he was principal of the Waynesville Academy. 
Later, he graduated from the Theological Department of Yander- 
bilt University and in the latter part of 1888 joined the Tennessee 
conference, being ordained as elder in Nashville by Bishop Chas. B. 


I ).ivi<l Ru^ell Nolaud 

Galloway on Oct. 23, L892. II.' \\ ;i^ married Augusl 12th, 1885 to 
Emma Webb of Kinston. I!'' is n<>w an active Methodist divine and 
\\- i n r i i 1 1 lt success in the Volunteer State. 


Herbert R. Ferguson. 

Herbert Reeves Ferguson, mayor of Waynesville, was born 
in Waynesville township December 14th, 1870. He is a son of Wil- 
liam B. Ferguson, also a native of Haywood County and whose bio- 
graphy appears elsewhere in this publication. 

After being p for college in the public and private 

schools of Waynesville. Mr. Ferguson entered the University of 
North Carolina from which he was graduated with the degree of 
B. S. in 1893. After completing his academic course he studied 
law in the legal department of the University and stood the exami- 
nation before the Supreme Court in 1804, securing his License to 
practice in the same year. Since then he has been in the active 
practice of his profession in partnership with his father under the 
firm name of W. B. and H. R. Ferguson. 

In 180b' he was elected mayor of Waynesville and was re- 
elected each year until 101)0. He was again elected to the same 
position in 1005 and was re-elected in 1007. For five years he was 
chairman of the Democratic executive committee of Haywood 
County and did valuable service to his party during that time. In 
1903 he was chosen county attorney and has been holding that 
position since. 

In 1800 Mr. Ferguson, as mayor, was identified with the organi- 
zation and equipment of the Waynesville Graded Schools. He aided 
in getting that important institution on its feet and in good running 
order. In August, this year, he was nominated for the lower house 
of the State Legislature and will doubtless be elected in November. 

William R. Medford. 

William Riley Medford. sheriff of Haywood County, comes from 
one of the oldest families of this section. His father, Lorenzo Dow 
Medford. and his grandfather. Riley Medford, were both born in 
this county and were prominent farmers. His mother was Martha 
Fullbright, a native of Haywood, and daughter of Aaron Fullbright. 
Sheriff Medford was born December 24th, 1858, was educated in 
the county schools and has been engaged in farming in Crabtree 
township ever since with the exception of such time as his official 
duties demanded. He served five years as deputy, under sheriffs 
Haynes and Henson, and was elected sheriff of the county in 1906. 
At the primaries on August 0th. 1008. he received the unanimous 
nomination for a second term and will undoubtedly be elected. 

He has been twice married. His first wife was Laura Justus. 
of Haywood County whom he married in 1880. She died in May. 


W. R. Medford. 

1895, leaving thi boys: Ralph, Boy and Carl. Hi. ■ id wife 

Nora <;. tt,isa oa incombe C re ch.ldrei. 

by thiH marriage are: Juanita, Gnssie, Garrett, Frank and Num. 
Sheriff Medford is a member of the Masonic order, Independent 
,„,,,., ,,,- odd Fellows, and the Royal Arcanum. 


William Stewart Terrell. 
Gaptain William S. Terrell, of Sonoma, was born in Rutherford 

County, Oct. 21, 1836. He comes of Revolutionary stock. His great 
grand father Richard Terrell was one of three brothers, who emi- 
grated from Wales to England, afterwards to the United States. 
sonic time about the middle of the eighteenth century and settled in 
Virginia. Later he came to Rutherford County. Joel L. Terrell, 
the grand father of the subject of this sketch, was a soldier in 
the Revolution and was wounded in the battle of Guilford Court- 
house when he was only sixteen years old. 

On his mother's side Captain Terrell is also of Revolutionary 
stock. Her name was Ermina Kilpatrick, of Rutherford, whose 
grand father was also in the Revolution. It is seen, therefore, that 
the Terrells have no inferior ancestry to which to point. 

When about eleven years old his father, James Orville Terrell, 
moved from Rutherford to the Pigeon Valley. As a boy he attended 
the public schools of his neighborhood and later, when a young 
man. went to school to Prof. R. II. Dabney. who was then teaching 
in Waynesville. 

In 1861 he was going to school when he Civil Avar broke out. 
He promptly enlisted in company A of Thomas's Legion and served 
three years. At first a private he soon attained the rank of first 
lieutenant, which rank he held to the close of the war. Lieutenant 
Terrell was a good soldier, serving with distinction in all the various 
and varied operations of thai fa nous b >dy of men. So signal were 
his services that, at the close of the war, he was promoted to the rank 
of captain, coming out with that distinction in 1865. 

Coming out of the war Captain Terrell oegan to build up his 
wasted fortune. He worked on the farm and at one time clerked 
in a store in Waynesvilh . Since 1 65, however, he has reside 1 at 
Sonoma farm in the Pigeon Valley, farming, merchandising, and 
stock-raising. He lias been very successful, having given all of 
his children a good education and settled them comfortably in life. 

Augusl 3rd, 1865 Captain Terrell was married to Mary Lucinda 
Kirkpatrick of Crabtree township. They have nine children Living, 
Theodore Vance. James .Milns. Hattie Inez. Anna -lane. Ermina 

i n 

William Stewart Terrell 

Latitia, Charles Stewart, William Thomas, Benona Wellington, Mary 
Lncinda. <>m- son, Turner Kirkpatrick is dead. One Bon, Rev. 
James Milus, is a Presbyterian minister on the foreign field, being 
stai ioned in Brazil. 

Captain Terrell is ;i Mason and an elder in the Presbyterian 

Church. He is known ;ill over tl ounty by his noro de plnme 

"Johnnie 1 1 • » i »< • t"u I . 


R. A. Sentelle. 

Richard Alvah Sentelle stands prominent and conspicuous 
among the teachers of Haywood County. He was born in Henderson 
County, December 23, 1846. As a boy he had poor educational ad- 
vantages, attending school only a few months in a year for two 
or three years before the civil war came on. During the four years 
of strife .the schools of the county were closed. 

After the war Mr. Sentelle came to Haywood County, and in 
the spring of 1866 worked on the farm of W- W. Lenoir in East 
Fork township. In the fall of that year he entered school again 
under the tutelage of Dr. J. M. Mease, and, in the winter of 1867, 
under Rev. D. B. Nelson. In that winter's work the foundation of 
his aims and ambitions was laid. 

In the fall of 1867 he taught his first school on the west fork 
of Pigeon, and every year, since, except one, he has been connected 
with school work. In 1871 he taught a public school for the first 
time at Thickety school-house. Captain W- J. Wilson, under whom 
he had studied and recited, was county examiner at the time and 
granted the first teacher's certificate to .young Sentelle. 

Deciding in 187.1 that his education was not sufficient for a 
teacher he entered school again at Waynesville under Dan M. Jones, 
who was considered one of the best teachers in Haywood County. 
After spending two years in teaching and studying, as he was doing 
at the time, he stopped teaching and spent one year in regular study. 
Since then he has spent much time in attending summer normals 
and in otherwise equipping himself as a school man. 

At different times he was principal of the school at Bethel, 
Waynesville. Clyde, Rock Spring, and at Belle Vue in Cherokee 
County. Besides, he lias taught many free schools at different points 
in the county. 

In 1881 he was elected county superintendent and held the 
position twelve years. After being out of office for eight years he 
was again elected in 1901 and still holds the position. He can count 
among the leading citizens of the county many who have been stu- 
dents in his schools. 

Besides being a teacher of wide influence in the county he is 
also a Baptist preacher, and has done a great deal of preaching and 
pastoral work- In his denomination he is prominent. For ten years 
he was secretary of the Western North Carolina' Baptist Conven- 
tion, and several years was moderator of the Haywood County 
Baptist Association. 

11C points with pride to the building up of several churches and 

1 l't 

k. A. Sentelle 

many Bchool houses as monuments <»!' his work- The only fortune he 
claims is that invested in the lives and cliara.-t.Ts of a hosl of men 
and women in Haywood County and in other counties and States. 
In 1867 he was married t<- Addie Blaylock. Their children are: 
Lizzie, who married Zimri Rogers, <>!' Detroit, Mich.; Lavonia, who 
married W. K. Shepherd now of Mooresville; Nannie, who married 
C. II. Chamblee of Wakefield; I. -la. who married John McElroy; 
John B., Horace N.. Boone, limns qow sperintendenl of Graded 
Schools a1 Lumberton . and Jennie May. 


William T. Crawford. 

William Thomas Crawford was born June 1st. 1856 in Crab- 
tree township. He was brought up on the farm and early became 
inured to hard work. When he was in his teens he went to the 
common schools of his neighborhood and laid the foundation of an 
education he has constantly built upon since- 

For two years he was in school in Buncombe County, teaching 
during vacation to get the means to go upon. Later, he was in 
school at the Waynesville Academy, where he went for two years 
also. As a teacher in the county schools during those times he 
made a reputation as a disciplinarian and an instructor. His example 
thus set in acquiring an education under difficulties has been an 
inspiration to many Haywood County youths. 

In 1882. when twenty-six years old. Mr. Crawford was seized 
with the desire to go to the west and grow up with the country. 
Accordingly he went to Colorado and "roughed" it for some months 
among the Rocky mountains. Finding that life, however, unsuited 
to his genius he returned to Haywood County in the fall of the same 
year and took a position as clerk in the store of Howell and Rogers 
in Waynesville and held it until 1886. 

While employed in that capacity he was nominated by the 
Democrats of Haywood County for a seat in the lower house of the 
General Assembly and elected after a brilliant canvass of the county 
He served with d's-'nguished ability that term and was returned in 
1886. In 1888 he was elector, on the Cleveland ticket, for this 
district and made an effective campaign, gaining friends throughout 
Western North Carolina. His canvass that year brought him in 
viose touch with the people of the district and he rapidly became 
tl v favorite with the masses. 

At the Congressional Convention in Asheville in 1890 Mr- Craw- 
ford was a candidate for the nomination. There were other strong 
men before the convention, but Crawford Avon and was declared ths 
nominee. At the election in November he received a substantial 
majority. Again in 1892 he was elected by a large majority over 
Jeter C. Pritchard, the Republican candidate. In 1894 he was the 
candidate of his party for the third time, but owing to peculiar 
po] heal conditions that year he was defeated by Richmond Pearson, 
the fusion candidate of the Republicans and Populists. 

After his term of office had expired. in 1895 Mr. Crawford settled 
down to the practice of law. his license having been obtained in 1891 
after his first election to Congress and after he had taken a course 

W T Craw 

in the law department of the State University. Ii<' buill up a good 
practice during the nexl two years. 

In 1898 he was again nominated foi - and declared 

elected; but toward the close of his term he was unseated by 
congress in favor of Richmond Pearson. In 1900 both tandidatti 
for « ohgresa from this distrid were from Waynesville. Mr- Craw- 
ford and his Republican opponent, Mr. Moody, made a joinl canvaaa 
of the district. At the polls Mr. Moodj was elected. 

Again in 1904 Mr. Crawford was presidential elector and can- 


vassed the district with Mr. Benbow, the Republican candidate for 
elector. In 1906 he was nominated for congress and elected and 
again this year he is the candidate of his party. 

November 30, 1892, Mr. Crawford was married to Inez E- Coman, 
also of this county. They have five chilrden : Hilary, Harry, Mildred, 
Walter, and Wilda. 

Joseph A. Collins. 

Joseph Alexander Collins was born in what is now Swain 
County, but then Haywood, May 22, 1813. He is a son of Robert 
Collins and Betsy Beck Collins, both raised in this county at the 
time it included the counties west of Haywood. His education was 
obtained in the common schools that were taught during the few 
years immediately preceding the Civil war. 

Mr. Collins remained on the farm until June, 1861, when he 
enlisted in company B, twenty-fifth North Carolina regiment. He 
was in the desperate battle of Seven Pines and in the Seven days 
around Richmond, receiving a severe wound at Malvern Hill, on 
account of which wound he was sent home for disability. After re- 
covering he rejoined his command, but was soon afterwards trans- 
ferred to Thomas's Legion, the sixty-ninth, with the rank of second 
lieutenant, and served with that command until the close of hostil- 
ities, being in command of company A about twelve months. 

Returning home from the war he became a traveling salesman 
for a Knoxville wholesale house and followed that vocation for ten 
years. He then retired from that business and purchased his 
present farm about one mile from Clyde. For twenty or more years 
he has been closely identified with the farming interests of Haywood 
County and is one of the many substantial farmers of the day. 

For one term Mr. Collins served the county in the lower house 
of the General Assembly (1901). 

He was married Nov. 9, 1875. to Hattie V. McKee, of Jackson 
County, who still survives. They have eight children as follows: 
Nellie, now Mrs. J. R. Smathers, of Clyde township; Robert; Mattie, 
now Mrs. 0. L. Smathers; Fay. now Mrs. J. V. Ilolcomb; Herbert II., 
Edward ('.. Ray L.. and Benjamin II. 


h A Collins 

Hugh A. Love. 
Hugh Arthur Love, treasurer of Haywood County, is l.\ direct 
• a great grandson of Colonel Boberl Love. He is a son of 

Captain Matthew II. Love, who led ;i Hayw I County company 

during the Civil war. II'' was born in WaynesviUe Oct. 4, 1^7:;. ami 
• ,1 liis education at the Waynesville Academy and the Sweet- 
water Military College ;>' Sweetwater, Tenn. 

In 1898, when war with Spain was declared, Mr. Love volun- 
teered ami was chosen Becond Lieutenanl of company C, that was 


Hugh A. Love 

afterwards mustered in as company H of the first North Carolina 
regiment. He was with the company in camp at Raleigh and at 
Jacksonville, went with it to Cuba, and assisted in carrying the first 
United States flag through the streets of Savannah. He remained 
with the company until it was mustered out of service in April, 
1899 at Savannah. 

Returning to Waynesville at the close of hostilities Mr. Love 
became identified with the interests of Waynesville. He was chosen 
a member of the board of aldermen in 1902 and re-elected in 1903. 
Becoming a candidate for couny treasurer in 1904, he was elected 

to that office and re-elecl d in 1906. At the primaries Lasl August 

he ri iv. -.1 the unanimous renomination for a third term. 

Mr. Love was married in 1903 to Hedwig Altstaetter of Gallon, 
Ohio. Their children are Frederick and !Ienri< Lm. 

Rufus L. Allen, M. D. 

Rufus Leonidas Allen was born on the old Edmonston estate in 
Haywood County, Jul) 12th, 1864. His father, George David Simp* 
son Allen was a prominenl physician who settled at Pigeon River 

M"\\ Canton in 1858, c ing from Iredell County. Hia grand 

father, Reeves Allen was a native of Wake County, and his great- 
grandfather, George Allen, born in 1743, served under G 
Nathaniel Green during the Revolutionary war. His mother was 
Nancy Adeline Edmonston, daughter of Ninian Edmonston a noted 
surveyor who with Col. Ephraim McDowell established the boundary 
lines between Buncombe and Haywood Counties, and also the divid- 
ing line between Haywood and Jackson Counties. 

Dr. Allen was educated al VVaynesville Academy, Vanderbilt 
University of Tennessee, and University of .Maryland from which 
he was graduated as .M. D. in the class of 1885, since which time 
he has I n in a. -live practice al Waynesville. Dr. AUen if presi- 
dent of the Haywood County Medical Society, member of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, North Carolina Medical Society, and Tri- 
Statc Medical Society. He has served three terms as Alderman be- 
tween the years 1895 and 1901, and as county coroner l^sG-1890 
and 1904-1906. 

At preseni he is city physician and chairman of the sanitary 
board, and is a member of the Haywood County Sanitary Board. 
He was married April 26th, 1893 to Marion Wilton of Washington, 
1). • !., daughter of Charles Wilton of thai city. 


Rut'us L. Allen, M. D. 

J. L. Morgan. 

Jasper La Fayette Morgan was born near Canton, then Pigeon 
River. November 23rd, 1854. His father, Elisha Morgan, was a 
native of Buncombe County, but came to Haywood when quite 
young, and for several years was a teacher in the schools of the 
county. During the war between the States he joined Capt. Elisha 
Johnson's company of Thomas' Legion and was in active service 
until he succumbed to sickness and died in a Virginia hospital in 
1864. The mother of J. L. was Nancy E. Smathers, a daughter of 
George F., Smathers, both natives of Haywood. 

Since he was seventeen years old Mr. Morgan has been engaged 


T L Moreran 
,„ mercantile ami i.m.,.- business, a^d tor tte past ten yiirs has 
been sole proprietor of the Clyde Boiler Mill. He has always been 
ail earnest workeT in the cause of education and Berved on the 
eounty board of educati sleven years, viz: 1885-92 and 19014)5. 

During Ins last term of service he took a very important part 
i„ plaeing our educational Bystem on a better financial basis than 
had previously existed. 

Mr. Morgan was married May 15th, 1881 to Lorena J. Cald- 
well, daughter of Lawson and Adeline Caldwell, all Datives of Hay- 
wood County. Their children are: Joseph Ray, a rising yonng 
lawyer of Waynesville, Ernesl L., and Hassie M. 


J. F. Abel, M. D. 

Joshua Fanning Abel was born in Haywood County, February 
6th. 1868. The family came to this county from Virginia 
and settled near Pigeon River (now Canton) at a very early 
date. His father. James R. was born there and was a well known 
Earmer. His mother was Clarissa Kinsland, daughter of Joshua 
Kinsland (still living and over 80 years old), both natives of this 

Dr. Abel was educated at the Waynesville Academy and Weav- 


erville College, Btudied medicine al Johns Hopkins University and 
the t 'niv.-i-xii \ of Baltimore, and was graduated from the latter in- 
stitution as .M. l>. in the class of L892. He began practice at Canton 
in the same year and remained there until 1901 when he removed 
to Waynesville where he has Bince resided. 

Dr. Abel is now serving Ins tifth term as < '< » n i it %- Superintendent 
of Health, is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Waynea- 
ville Graded School, is Deputy Grand Master of Masons for this 
district, and is tin- only Scottish K i t # • member wesl of Asheville. 
also a member of Woodmen of the World. In Ins professional 
rapacity Dr. Abel is a member of the Haywood County Medical 
Society and has Berved two terms as its president and is also member 
of the State Medical Association of North Carolina. 

Id ■ was married in 1893 to Mary Vance, a daughter of David 
Vance and grand-daughter of Colonel Joseph Cathey. She died in 
[904 leaving five children: Hugh, Evelyn, Ruth, Clarice and Mary. 

James W. Ferguson. 

Ja s William Ferguson was born in Waynesville, Sept. 29, 

L873, and is a son of Judge G. S. Ferguson, who is now on the 
Superior Courl bench. He was educated at the private Bchools of 
Waynesville and at the State University, graduating from the law 
departmenl of the latter school in tl lass of 1893. He was ad- 
mitted to the l>ar the same year and has since practiced his profes- 
sion in Waynesville. 

In 1894 he served as chairman of the Democratic executive 
committee of Haywood County in which he did good Bervice. In 
1896 In- was elected to the lower house of the state Legislature and 
Berved in the session of 1897. In 1898 he was elected for 
this the Sixteenth judicial distrid and held the position until 

Since his retirement from the Bolicitorship Mr. Ferguson has 
practiced Ins profession inWaynesville. 

In 1899 he married Hester L.Cooper, daughter of Captain J. 
W. Cooper of Murphy. Their three children are: .lame- \v. Jr., 
Edwin ( '.. and Isabel. 

Mr. Ferguson is a Mystic Shriner in the Masonic order and a 
I'.ivt Chancellor in the Knights of Pyth 


James W. Ferguson 

William D. McCracken. 
William David McCracken was born on Crabtree ('reck, near his 
present home, Jan. 26, 1861. His father, Hiram McCracken, is still 
living a hearty old man of eighty-seven. The McCrackens are of 
Scotch-Irish descent. Joseph McCracken, the founder of the Hay- 
wood County branch, owned all the land on the creek except that 
that was owned by the Kirkpatricks. His entire estate, however, in 


!li;it earlj day, was ao1 valued a1 over $1,000. Now the same lands 
would bring $100,000. 

Schools were few .-it the time thai Mr. McCracken could I 

profited most by them. He attended the public bcI Is three or 

four months in the year until be was aboul eighteen years old 
and then began active life. 

When be was fifteen years old Mr. McCracken made his 
trading in cattle. Since then be has been following that 
work constantly and bas attained Buccess. He believes that 
there is more in saving than in making- When be was only seven- 
teen years old be drove cattle through Tennessee and Virginia at 

fifty cents a day, Baved his m y and invested it in mountain 

lands. He is now worth between thirty and fifty thousand dollars. 

I,, L900 Mr. McCracken was elected a member of the board of 

comity commissi srs and held the position one term. During 

that term he was chairman of the board. Last Augusl be was again 
nominated for the same position and will, no doubt, be elected in 

December 20th, 1882 he married Ellen Margarel Liner, of this 
enmity. Their children are: Gertrude, Waldo, Lucy, Quay, Tula, 
Verna, and Mary. 

Mr. McCracken is regarded as one of the most substantial and 
progressive farmers and stock-raisers in Haywood County. His 
large droves of sheep and cattle are the subjects of comment by 
his neighbors and fri< 

George H. Smathers. 
rge Henry Smathers was born in Buncombe County near the 
Haywood line on Jan. 29th, 1854. His father, John C, and bis g 
father, George P., were born in this county; also his mother, Lucilla 
E. Johnson, a daughter of Harry Johnson, who came here when ten 

- old. 

Th.- Bubjecl "t" this sketch was educated al the pub] 
and Sand Hill Academy. He studied law with Dick <.v Dillard of 
sboro, X. <'.. and was admitted t.. tin- bar in June, 1881. He 
has been in active practice at Waynesville since that year and has 
been attorney for the Champion Fibre Co., of Canton, since the 
estahlism.'iit of their greal plain in April, inn*;. 

During President Harrison's administration he was appointed 

•.mt United States District Attorney, and w :t s engaged i'"r 
several years on the claims in Litigation of the Cherokee Indians 
of this st.,t.-. Hi> services were of such value that he was qetained 


George H. Smathers 

in the same duties by the succeeding Cleveland administration 
until the disputes were settled by act of Congress. In 1896 Mr. 
Smathers was elected State Senator from the forty-first district 
and serevd one term during which he was prominent as chairman 
of the Judiciary committee. 

He was married Jan. 6th, 1892 to Daisy Rice, of Mont- 
gomery, Ala., a daughter of Samuel F. Rice, a former Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of Alabama. They have one child : Ellen Rice 
Smathers who was born July 30th, 1893. 


Milas A. Kirkpatrick. 
Milas Alexander Kirkpatrick was born Maj 11. 1841, on the 
head waters of Fines Creek His father was Silas F. Kirkpatrick, 
who .1 plain blunl man of Scotch descent, a good farmer, born 
in \vh;ii u;is then Buncombe Count} bul oo\* Henderson, and lived 
tn the age of eighty-two. I lis mother was Jane Woods Kirkpatrick 
who was born in rredell County and was of Irish extraction. He 
grandfather was a Boldier in the Revolution, bul Bettled on Pines 
boob after tli-' independent of the Colonies was achieved, 
ami was an importanl elemenl in the development N'f that town- 
slii|> ; for he was a saddler, a tailor, a miller, a black-smith, ami a 
bell-maker, making all the bells for Pines Creek stock in Ins ii ; ,• 

.Mr. Kirkpatrick had only meagr lucationa] advantages, being 

in school bul a short time at Sand Hill Academj and parts of 
two sessions at Transmontane- Pevious to that, however, he had 
been taught in the public Bchools of his neighborhood. In these 
months and years the boy received that training which has been of 
incalculable value to the man. 

Hardly had he finished his education I.. 'lor,, the great war of 
1861 .-ami' on. !!<• promptly answered the call for volunteers an I 
in .May. 1861, enlisted in one of the firsl companies that went ou1 
from tin- county. lie was in the entire war from 'til to '{ 
endured tin- hardships incident to a soldier's life, once being ■! i 
perately wounded in battle and would probably have been either 
captured or killed bul for the kindness of Tom Ferguson who car- 
ried him off the field to a place of safety. 

Returning to his home, after the war. .Mr. Kirkpatrick began 
anew tin- battle of life in time of peace. He engaged in farming 
ami stock-raising in which he has been successful in accumulating 
considerable property ami in giving his children a good education 
Mr. Kirkpatrick, in speaking of his success, said, "I have raiser] my 
children to do better ami to be better than I am." 

II.' has never held any political office, bul has been a justi ' 

tin- peace for twenty-five years. He is a Life-long !)<■ sral am! has 

consistently voted for the besl interest of his countj as he -aw- i: 
March -1st. 1869, In- was married to Laura Ann Byers. They 
have nine children, namely: Dr. W. L. Kirkpatrick, now practicing 
medicine in Smith Carolina; Amelia Jane, now Mrs. R, L. Hoke, 
Sarah Adaline, now .Mrs. Pinkne McCrackeni -John R., now a mer- 
ehant of Crabtree; ('has. Siler, a minister of the Methodist Church; 
Maggie Lucinda, now Mrs. i; r. Long; Hattie stow... oow Mrs w 
I.. McCracken: Laura French, ami Cleveland Fain. 


Lucius Marcellus Welch. 

Lucius Marcellus Welch was born in Waynesville December 
6th, 1842, being the youngest of ten children. His father was Wil- 
liam Welch, whose sketch is found elsewhere in this publication. 
When a boy he was sent to the common schools, where he got the 
rudiments of an education. Afterwards he was sent to the High 
School in Asheville, taught by the father of General Stephen D. 
Lee. He also attended a session or two at Waynesville under the 
tutelage of Prof. R. H. Dabney. 

At the outbreak of the Civil war Mr. Welch volunteered and 
joined company E, of the sixty-ninth regiment. During the entire 
period of the war he was commissary sergeant and so was never 


under Are. At one time, however, during the Valley Campaign in 
Virginia, he was in command of his company. Toward the close of 

the war he, with Ins company . w as Benl to I la\ w I < lounty from the 

seat of war in Virginia, and was here at the time thai Kirk and Bart- 
lt-tt made raids through the county. He was with the men who 
made an attack upon Kirk one uighl as he was encamped about two 
miles south of Waj nesville, 

Coming out of the* war Mr. Welch began active life as a Farmer. 
He lias been very successful in accumulating considerable property. 
Be lias never held any political office, his inclinations not running 
in that direction. He is a Baptisl and a .Mason. 

December 1st, i s 7s. he was married \>> Julia Ann Moore. They 

have three children, us ly: Paul J., who is a planter in Texas; 

Cleveland I>.. who is m the manufacturing hnsinrss in Gtastonia; 
Miriam Love, now Mrs. A. B. Moore of Gastonia. 

Mr. Welch is a Leading member of his church and takes an 
active interest in its welfare. Il«- is also deeply interested in the 
growth and development of Waynesville. His home place, "Welch 
Farm." aboul two miles from Waynesville, is one of tin- most 
beautiful country homes in the CQunty. 

William T. Sharp. 

William Turner Sharp, prominent merchant of Canton, was 
born in llayw 1 County Sept. 7th, 1861. 

His father was John I'. Sharp also n native of this county and 
Berved in tin- twenty-fifth North Carolina regiment during the war 
between the statrs. His mother was Mary A. Miller of Haywood a 
daughter of David Miller of Rockingham County. 

Mr. sharp has been in the mercantile business since 1893 and 

is COnspicious for tin- public spirit and promine in the develop 

ment of Canton. He has Berved as mayor of that city and for fif- 
teen years was on the board of aldermen. Prom -Ian.. L903, to 
Jan.. 1905, he was a member and chairman of the hoard of county 

In April. 1906, In- married Norah Hamilton, daughter of W. •' 

Hampton, a native of Buncombe County, hut for many years one 

of the leading merchants of Canton, of three children horn to 
thfin. two are living: bockwood, Charles, and Aurelia. 

Mr. sharp is a prominent Mason and Odd Fellow belonging to 
the local lodges and assisting materially in their success. He is quite 
influential in church work, being an active member of the Baptist 


William T. Sharp 

James M. Gwyn. 

James McFaden Gwyn, son of James Gwyn and Mary Lenoir 
Gwyn, was born in Wilkesboro November 27th, 1850. For a few 
years before and during the Civil war he was in school near his 
home. In 1868 and 1869 he was a student at the famous Bingham 
school at Mebane. In 1870 he entered college at old Trinity in 
Randolph County. Leaving there he took a course at the University 
of Virginia, completing there his academic education in 1872. 

Leaving college that year he went into the cotton milling busi- 
ness at Paterson and continued for nearly two years. In 1875 he 
moved to Haywood County and settled on the farm he now owns, 
since which time he has been engaged in farming, stock-raising, 
and fruit-growing. In these branches of industry Mr. Gwyn excels, 
for he has made a study of them and has reduced each one to a 

From his first coming to the county Mr. Gwyn has been deeply 
interested in its welfare. . He has taken a lively interest in education 
and has ever been an advocate of the public schools as well as other 


institutions winch go to build ap b people. 

As ,i farmer and stock raiser Mr. Gwyn has made mat. -rial con- 
tributions to ill" county. H<- is a believer in and a raiser of Cull 
blooded stock. His land dot* produces fully twice as much to the 
;,,.,-,. ;i s ,t did when be moved to the count} m 1875, to Buch a high 
state of cultivation lias be raised it. His farm is Belf sustaining. II" 
aever buys haj or oats or feed of any kind for his stock. It is all 
raised on the farm. On ins farm, as perhaps the only farm in the 
county, ensilage is put ap in the fall for the Btock during the winter- 
Prom his farm Mr. Gwyn never sells anything but apples and 

ick- All the corn and bay and oats and other E latuffs that 

are raised in abundance be feeds to his stock, and he always has 
feed enough for his Btock and stock enough for bis feed. His 
money crop, therfore, is the Btock and apples thai be produces in 
greal abundance. On the Gwyn farm no commercial fertilizers are 
need, but all thai is Deeded is produced righ.1 there. 

It may he inferred, therefore, that Mi-. Gwyn's efforts bave 
- iccessful. II" has given all of his children a collegiate educa- 
tion, "i- will have done so before they finish school. Besides be has 
constantly improved his lands and is ;i prosperous citizen. 

In 1876 be was appointed poa master at Springdale, his hum.' 
office, and ha- held thai position continuously since, a period of 
thirty-four years. 11" was justice of the peace for bis township 
rs, and for four years was county commissioner. 
Maj 19, 1874, .Mr- Gwyn was married to Amelia II. Poster, of 
Greensboro. Their children are: James A., a graduate of the Uni- 
versity "!' North Carolina and a r sing young Lawyer of New Fork; 
Elsie I... a graduate of tin- State Normal College, and dow pursuing 
a course of study in Corn. -II University; Thomas Lenoir, a graduate 
of the State University and now a prosperous farmer and Btock- 
raiser; Mary 1'.. a graduate of Converse College; Amelia II.. Annie 
L.. and Elizabeth G., the last two being now in school at Converse 

Mi-. Gwyn is a prominenl communicanl of the Episcopal Church 
and a member of the Royal Arcanum. 

T. L. Francis. 
Thomas Leroy Prancis was horn near Waynesville, October 31, 
II a father, I'.. I-'. Francis, horn in Washington Counts. Ten- 
March 20, 1822, came to Hayw I County in October, 1844, 

being probably the firsl of the nam" in the county, and settled oear 
tin- presenl Prancis homestead aboul a mile from Waynesville. Tin- 


elder Francis enlisted in the army in September, 1863, in company E, 
sixteenth North Carolina regiment, and was captured and held in 
prison in Camp Morton until he was released. On his way home he 
stopped in McDowell County, where he died March 21. 1865. The 
eldest son of the one just mentioned, born December 18, 1847, en- 
listee! at the age of 16 in company E of Thomas's Legion (junior 
reserves) and was captured on Cattaloochee and carried to Camp 
Chase, where he was held as a prisoner until his death May 3, 1865, 
a brave boy thus giving up his young life for his country. The 
mother of Thomas L. Francis was Annie Shurfey.of Washington 
County. Tennessee- 
Mr. Francis is one of the substantial and progressive farmers 
of the county, and as an advocate of good roads performed excellent 
work as road commissioner during 1904 and 1905, a position to 
which he was appointed at the time AVaynesville township voted a 
fifty thousand dollar bond issue for macadam roads. 

In January. 1879, he was married to Nancy E. Katcliff. daughter 
of J. X. Ratcliff of this county. Their living children are: William 
J., now principal of the High Point Graded School; Etta May, 
teacher in the same school, Hester F., Maud, Mary. Harley, and 

Riley M. Ferguson. 

. Riley M. Ferguson was born. July 4th. 1852. in Crabtree town- 
ship. His father, Thomas Ferguson, was born in Madison County, 
but later moved to Haywood and bought the farm on which the 
homestead is located to-day. He was a successful farmer. His 
mother was Mary Jones Ferguson. 

When a boy Mr. Ferguson attended the public schools of his 
neighborhood where lie received some of the training that has 
helped him in life. Later, he entered the High School in Waynes- 
ville and took a course there finishing in 1872. Leaving school that 
year he began work 'as a farmer and stock-raiser on his father's 

Since that time he has been in that fine of business continu- 
ously- He is one of the best farmers in his section, and his cattle 
are the admiration of all who see them. He believes in fine stock 
and has spent much time and money in his efforts to improve the 
breed of cattle on his farm. He is now one of the well-to-do farm- 
ers in Haywood County. His word and his bond are both good. 

Mr. Ferguson has never held any political office, but is a prom- 
inent Republican and has been the candidate of his party several 


Riley M Ferguson 

times for differenl positions in tli unty. In 1f ,||(1 he was the 

candidate for sheriff and claims thai he was elected bul counted <>ut. 
In 1901 he appointed tax collector for Haywood County. 

December 22, 1886, he was married t«» Mary Emily Noland, of 
this county. Their children are: Rufus Weaver, Sarah Lula, and 
Fannie Rose. 

.Mr. Ferguson is ,i prominenl member of the M E. Church, 
South. II<- is a man of influence in his community, a believer in 
education, and a helper in everything thai helps to build up the 
county and improve its citizenship. 


■ William J. Wilson. 

William Jesse Wilson, now a citizen of Texas, was born in 
Mississippi, Nov- 17. 1828. He was the son of Jethro Wilson and 
Eunice Wood Wilson. As a boy he had very poor advantages of 
an education, his parents dying when he was quite young. He was 
brought up in the home of Joseph Wilson, an uncle, living at Lin- 
colnton, and being the solicitor for. some years of the Asheville dis- 
trict. In all he was in school about six weeks. He became, however, 
by hard study and close application one of the best scholars that 
ever lived in Haywood County. 

About 1850 he came to Haywood and taught school at Waynes- 
ville. Among his students, at that time, were Judge Norwood, 
Mrs. M. J. Branner and others. He also taught at Hickory Grove 
in Pigeon township and at other places in the county. For a long 
number of years he was superintendent of the county schools and 
taught during the time- 
When the war broke out he enlisted in company I, sixty- 
second regiment, and was elected captain. He was in some of the 
bloody battles of '62 and '63- He was taken prisoner in 1863 and 
held at Johnson's Island until the war closed. While in prison 
Captain Wilson wrote a spelling book, which was at one time 
adopted by the State for use in the public schools. It is a book of 
real merit. 

Coming back to Haywood County after the war he became 
active in the affairs of the county. He was superintendent of 
schools and member of the Legislature. For six years he was 
enrolling clerk of the State Legislature in which position he per- 
formed signal services. In 1880 he left Haywood County and is now 
living in San Saba, Texas. 

Captain Wilson was married first to Mary M. Cathey, daughter 
of Colonel Joseph Cathey, and later to Mrs. Edmonston. widow of 
Dr. Rupe Edmonston and daughter of Major William Bryson of 
Jackson County. He lias five children, Mary E., who married J. M. 
Osborne; Laura L.. married J. J. Justice; W. W. Wilson, living on 
Pigeon; 1)}-. J. E. Wilson, now chairman of the comity school board; 
and Arthur B. Wilson, a prominent Lawyer of Texas. 


J. H. Way, M. D. 
Dr. Joseph Howell Way was born in Waco, Texas, November 22, 

1865. His father was Charles Burr Way and his mother Martha 
Julia Howell Way. His father moved from Texas to Buncombe 
County in the early seventies and was for many years prominent 
in the affairs of that county, being for Beveral terms superintendent 

Of schools ami ;i tf.n-h- p of DOte. 

Dr. Way received all* of his academic training directly under the 
supervision of Ins father, who was careful and painstaking in the 
education of his children. After getting a liberal education in that 
way tin- boy, Dow a young man. became a teacher in the public 
schools. He was oi f the five successful applicants for first grade 


teachers' certificate at that time. Dr. James Atkins, now Bishop 
Atkins, was the county superintendent and issued the certificate to 
the ambitious young teacher. He taught during parts of three years, 
1882, 1883, and 1884. 

Having decided to study medicine Dr. "Way attended lectures 
first at the Medical College of Virginia, Kichmond. Later, he went 
to Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., from which institution 
he was graduated in 1886. Locating in Waynesville, that year, he 
began the slow process of building up the large practice which he has 

Dr. Way, immediately after locating in Waynesville, became 
identified with the profession in Haywood County and has been 
active in all of its organizations. He is a member of the State Medi- 
cal Society, having joined that body twenty-one years ago. He 
has held every high office in the gift of that body. In 1897 he be- 
came a member of the State board of medical examiners and was 
secretary of the board until 1902. That year he was chosen secretary 
of the State Medical Society and re-elected in 1903, 1904, and 1905. 
In 1907 he was unanimously elected president of that body, serving 
until June, 1908, and presiding at the Winston meeting of the 

In 1905 he was appointed by Governor Glenn to membership on 
the State Board of Health, which appointment was for a term of six 
years. Dr- Way is now secretary and treasurer of the Tri-State 
Medical Association of the three States of Virginia, North Carolina, 
and South Carolina. This Association was quite small when he took 
hold of it three years ago, but it is now a large and influential organ- 
ization. Besides these positions, he was also for two years a member 
of the National Medical Congress, this State being allowed only two 

Besides being prominent in medical circles Dr. Way is also an 
influential Arcanumite. He was elected by the Grand Council in 
1896 to the position of Grand Secretary and has held it continuously 
since, having been unanimously re-elected eleven times. His ac- 
curate and systematic method of keeping the records of that exacting 
body has been commended by the retiring Grand Regents for a 
dozen years. 

July 3, 1888, Dr. Way was married to Marietta Welch, daughter 
of the late Dr. Welch of this county. They have two children, Hilda, 
who is in college at Peace Institute, Raleigh; J. H., Jr., who is a 
freshman at Davidson College. 

Dr. Way is a prominent Mason, Knight of Pythias, and Royal. 


Arcanian. 1 1<- is ;i member 
1> •!■ of -. \ rial nrgantzal ioi 

•innal. He is a prolific writer, and bac 
articles to various medical journals. He is at presenl 
oi the Board of Trustees of the Waynesville Qra<l*d s-h 

I the .M. B. Church, South, and a mem- 
. in the medical world, national and 

Qtributed many 


Wilburn A Campbell. 

Wilbuni Alexander Campbell was born S 22, L841, 

near Newton, Catawba County. His father, John l>. Campbell, was 
of Scotch-Irish descrnt. His mother was Elizabeth Bumgarner, 
of Catawba County. Mr. Campbell's early education was deficient. 


He went a few months to the public schools of his native county 
before the war. such schools then being taught in log houses. His 
school life was not over eighteen months in all. 

The Civil Avar came on before he had equipped himself for his 
life's duties. He promptly volunteered and served two yea>rs in the 
twenty-eighth North Carolina regiment. He was in the army of 
Northern Virginia and was a participant in the stirring events of 
1861 and 1862, being in some of the big battles of these years. 

In the latter part of 1862 he was transferred to Thomas's Legion 
and with that body of resolute men did heroic service- Toward the 
latter part of 1864 or early in 1865 he was sent along with the rest 
of the legion to Haywood County, and was present when Kirk made 
his raid through the county in March, 1865. Mr. Campbell met 
Kirk's forces on the Jonathan's Creek road as they were coming to 
Waynesville. Being alone he wheeled his horse and ran to get out 
of the way. The Federals fired at him and the balls cut the hair 
on his head, but he escaped unhurt. 

After the war Mr. Campbell settled in Ivy Hill township and 
engaged in the saw mill business and in farming. He put up the 
first power mill in the county and built the first painted house on 
Jonathan's Creek. He has been successful in accumulating consid- 
erable property. He has always been a robust man and has never 
taken a dose of medicine in his life. 

In 1876 he was elected a member of the board of county commis- 
sioners and served one term. He has never held any other office, his 
tastes not leading him that way- 
November 6th. 1863. he married Martha Jane Plott, of this 
county. They have eight children, namely : Amos La Fayette, Clar- 
enee Alexander, Robert Gustavus Adolphus. Sarah Callie Emeline 
(Mrs. J. R. Boyd.) David Crockett, Verlin Asbury, Wilbiirn Com- 
rock, and John Partem. 

Mr. Campbel is a member of the M. E. Church, South, and of 
the Roval Arcanum. 

Thomas L. Green. 

Thomas Lincoln Green, postmaster at Waynesville, was born in 
Haywood County, Dec. 31st, 1867. Thaddeus M. Green, his father, 
and Thomas Green, his grand father, were also natives of Haywood 
County. His mother. Temperance Louisa Shook, was a daughter 
of David Shook. Thaddeus M. Green, his father, was a soldier in 
the service of the Confederacy, from 1861-5 and was in the twenty- 
fifth North Carolina volunteer infantry. 


.Mr Green was educated al the Clyde High School and al the 
University <'t' Xorth Carolina, where h<- studied law. He wa 
mitted i«» the bar in 1895. Previous to thai time he had read law 
under the guidance of the late Hon. James M. Moody. !!<• also 
taught hi the public schools of the countj for aboul thr< 

After spending a few years in the practice of Ins profession he 
$ to the posil i"ii of I nit. 
and served until 1901. During the uexl tw<. years he was private 
nan Moody. Upon the death of Mr. Moody 
I Mr. Green was I deputy United States n 

I imlil aboul the lirst of 1907. In April of that 
year he was appointed postmaster and lias held thai position Bince. 

In 1899 Mr. Green was active in promoting the cause of • ■'ln- 
.cation in Waynesville, and, upon the organization of the Graded 
School, in thai year, was Darned <>n tin- hoard <>f trustees and has 
been secretary <>f the board since. In 1900 he was elected a mem- 
of the board of Aldermen of Waynesville. 

.Mr. Green was married in December, l sv ^. to Dora J. Roj 
daughter of Jackson Rogers of this county. They have five children 
living: Lawrence E. now in college a1 Wake Forest; E. McKinley, 
Arthur J., Lillian, and Louise. 


Thomas L. Green 


William H. Rich- 

WaitoHouatonRich,. I John C*Mn Kch and Elizabeth 

x„„ BfceTllieh, waa born on -l than'a Creea tort, V"*^" 

,;.„„„ I County boye, -rithout m be ta *»f«* 

, „, ...I,,,,,':..,, -^getting a Uttle .tart m the n.«hWbo«d 

, H nured the Wayneevflle Aeaden,, <£« ho a£d»d .m» 

,..,sr,.lly tor »......• li He afterward. et»d.ed .n the Clyd, 

^i.ii«,<»l -iimI .it .1 ik1s.hi College. 

K "L hhus-ir ealled ... preaeb Mr. Rioh began to p«p« 

„,,,,•„• sl iallyfbrtl fc He atudied w,th tarn* «- 

Clyde and at Jud. lollege A,,.-, opletmg a eoo»e of atadj 

b. waa ordained ae a iater and entered n, , ~* H ™5 

howew, taught «I I for - .— "•*« enter "V Ct "^ 

„ £„.rkaa Lniater. He ght for aome « „,,„• ,.„!.■ 

. bTofH^ IC tyand* An, hSe 

C 'ty. £g the ti»< he waa teaehing he wa. al» l"-" * 

whenever an opportunity waa presented- 

"to ^902 he entered the Southern Baptiat TI logical Senunary 

„ l,,,,,^,,!... Ky., and rtudied .1 logy for tw. J 

aip , 01B . M .g™d M teinth.t.nbject.ttl ad of t fame H 

ha. brtde. that degree th. degree of bwhelor of ^ I doeto, 


in psychology, .the latter degree from the Chicago school of Psy- 

As a pastor and evangelist Mr. Rich has achieved really wonderful 
success in so short a time. After leaving the Seminary in 1903, he 
was called to the First Baptist Church of Newbern and remained 
there until called to Salisbury, from which position he was called to 
his present pastorate of Vineville Baptist Church, a wealthy and in- 
fluential congregation of Macon, Ga. He is now doing a splendid 
work in that Southern city. 

In May, 1894, Mr. Rich was married to Mattie Eleanor Haynes, 
daughter of the late Hon. H. P. Haynes, of Clyde- They have four 
children: William Broadus Haynes, Flora Eugenia, Willie Eleanor, 
and John Whitehead. 

Mr. Rich is a Master and Royal Arch Mason, a Knight of 
Pythias, an Odd Fellow, and a member of the Junior Order of 
American Mechanics. He is deeply interested in these orders, and 
sees a chance in them to extend his opportunities for usefulness. 

Mr. Rich is a true son of Haywood., for he is greatly interested 
in everything pertaining to the best interests of the county. Though 
a voluntary exile from his native county he frequently looks towards 
his native hills- 

A Group of Haywood Indians. 


I. mi. II. l\ Ibvncs. <s,t page 63. Capt. W. I'. Welch, (See page 7:;. 

Col. U. (i. A. Love, (See page 7». 


Governmental and Sociological. 

No story of the county would be complete without a record at 
least of the governmental machinery, together with the different 
benevolent and sociological institutions now existing among us. No 
history of the different organizations is attempted — only a state- 
ment as to their present status. 

County Government. 
Commissioners, M. M. Xoland, Fines Creek; E. H. Howell, Jonathan's 
Creek, F. C. Haynes, Clyde. 

Sheriff W. R. Medford 

Clerk of Court R- A. L. Hyatt 

Register of Deeds J. R. Boyd 

Treasurer Hugh A. Love 

Coroner Dr. J. E. Moore 

Surveyor O.O. Sanf ord 

Town Government. 

Mayor H. R. Ferguson 

Aldermen Dr. B. F. Smathers, G. W. Maslin, D. A. Howell, J. P. 
Francis, James McLean. 

Clerk and Treasurer J. H. Howell 

Tax Collector J. P. Knox 

Chief of Police R. G. A. Love 

Supt. Water Works and Electric Lights Walter Hawk. 

County Public Schools. 

Board of Education, Dr- J. E. Wilson, J. K. Boone, J. F. Shelton 

Superintendent R. A. Sentelle. 


The sehoola are in i good condition. A five months term each 
year is maintained. About Beventj five teachers are employed. At 

Canton ia a good Graded School under the superintendei f Prof. 

K. I). McDowell. Thia school was organized in 1907 and is doing 
a splendid work. At Waynesville the Rrs1 Graded School in the 

county iraa organized in I s !" 1 under the directi I Prof. W. < >„ 

Allen, who was thai year elected superintendent. It is doing a 
•rival work along educational lines. 

The Haywood County Medical Society. 

Among the influences for social and professional uplift exerted 
in Haywood County during t h < ■ past twentj years has been 1 1n* organ 
isation of the Legal practitioners of medicine in the county known 
as the Haywood County Medical Society. The meeting of organi- 
sation was held in Waynesville at the office of Dr. Way on Augual 
2, 1889, and the organization effected with the enroll nenl of fivemem- 
bera. Dr. Chas. B. Roberts, of Clyde, was elected Presidenl with Dr. 
K. < '. Mllis. of Waynesville, Secretary. Later others were added 
untii in a ahoii time the list enrolled practically every legal physi- 

cian reaidenl in tl ranty- In 1905 when under the inspiration of 

a Haywood County physician the North Carolina State Medical 
Society was reorganized and tin- local county medical societies 
made the basis or unil of the state Society, Hayw I County .Medi- 
cal Society was the first one to be "chartered a componenl county 
medical society of the Medical Society of the state of North Caro 
lina." The occasional meetings of the County Society have been 
helpful in bringing aboul ;m<l fostering relations between the var- 
ious physicians which have been moal helpful and improving t<> the 
profession and people as well. 

At pies. tit Dr. K. L Allen, of Wayneaville, is president; 
Dr. -I. Howell Way, secretary; Dr. J. Rufus McCracken, delegate 
to the state Society- 

'IT • following gentlemen compose the Hayw I County Medical 

Society: Dr. J. F. Abel, Waynesville; Dr. R. L. Allen, Waynesville; 
Dr. Francis M. Davis. Clyde; Dr. Fred C. Hyatt. Waynesville; Di 
W A. Graham, Fines Creek;; Dr. Wm. I.. Kirkpatrick, Pacolct, S. 
('.; Dr. B. II. Greenwood, Waynesville; \)y. .1 Rufus McCracken, 
Wayneaville; Dr. J. II Mease, Canton: Dr« McLean Rogers, Guerj 
Oklahoma; Dr. Thomas Stringfield, Waynesville; Dr. Saml L. 
Stringfield, Wayneaville; Dr. II. L. McFadyen, Waynesville; Dv .1. 

H.-well Way. Waynesville; Dr. A. I'. Willis. Canto,,; Dr. .1. B. Wil- 
son. Sonoma; Dr Jas I'. Moon-, Canton. 


Daughters of the Confederacy. 

This body was organized at the residence of Mrs. W. W. String- 
field, Jan. 20. 1906. The following are the officers: 

President Mrs. M. J. Branner< 

First Vice-President Mrs. B. J. Sloan 

Sccmd Vice-President Mrs. R. E. Osborne 

Third Vice-President Mrs- S. J. Shelton 

Corresponding Secretary Mrs. J. H. Way 

Recording Secretary Mrs. J. W. Ferguson 

Treasurer Mrs D. M. Killian 

At present the membership of the Chapter is eighteen- The 
object of the organization is to keep green the graves of the 
old soldiers, to honor their memory, and to teach patriotism and 
reverence to the rising generations. Crosses of honor to the veter- 
ans of the Civil war have been distributed by this Society. 

Daughters of American Revolution. 

The Dorcas Bell Love Chapter of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution was organized, Jan. 9, 1899, at the residence of the Misses 
(indue)' in Waynesville. The present officers are as follows: 

Regent Mrs. D. A. Baker 

Recording Secretary Miss Elizabeth Cole 

Treasurer Mrs. Robt- Mitchell 

Registrar • Mrs. B. J- Sloan 

Chaplain Mrs. M. J. Branner 

All worthy enterprises of a patriotic nature are encouraged by 
this Society. Some years ago they presented a handsome flag and 
picture to the Waynesville Graded School, and this year a gold 
medal is offered by the Chapter to the boy in the Graded School 
who shall deliver the best declamation at the closing exercises next 

Pink Welch Camp. 
About twenty years ago the Pink Welch Camp of the United 
Confederate Veterans of Haywood County was oganized. The fol- 
lowing are the officers at present: 

Commander Col. W. W. Stringfield 

First Lieut- Commander J. A. Collins 

Second Lieut. Commander : S. J. Shelton 

Third Lieut. Commander Stephen Redmond 

Adjutant Marion Russell 

Surgeon Dr. H. L. McFadyen- 

1- : 

The organization now numbers about forty members, [ts object 
is t«> keep fresh the memory of the heroes in pray who lost their 
lives on the battlefields or have passed awaj Bince the war closed. 
Its members have no apologies to make for whal they did during 
the stirring times of 6] to 

The Churches. 

h can only !"• Baid briefly thai the people of Haywood County 
are believers in churches. Their religious instincts have been marked 
throughout their history. It is Baid thai one person in every three 
in thf county is a member of some church. 

MrthiM lists. I'.jipt ists. Presbj i .li.ins. and Episcopalians, all have 
flourishing churches in the county. The first two denominations are 
very strong, there being over twenty churches and three thousand 
members of each denominal i<>n. 

The Lodges. 

Haywood County people are also believers in fraternal orders 
Lodges of Mas. his. Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arcanum, 

and 'V linen of the World have been established in the eounty. 

In Waynesville there are lodgers of Masons, Odd Fellows Subordi- 
nate, Encampment, and Rebekahs,) Woodmen, and Ladies of the 
Maccabees- At Clyde there are Lodges of Masons, <M<I Fellows, and 
Knights. At Canton the same fraternal orders have lodges. On 
Jonathan's Creek there is a Lodge of <> ( | ( | Fellows. All of these 
lodges are in a fairly flourishing condition. 

Now tin- task is done. The history of ti uiity has been given 

in as fair a lighl as possible. No words more fitting Could I"' OSed 

i!. elnning than the following poem written bj Miss .Mary Josephine 
Love now our .Mrs. M .1. Branner tit't\ years ago when Bhe was a 
Rchnnl girl sixteen years old and published in the Asheville News: 

Old Haywood, I Love Thee! 

<>ld Mayw I. I love thee, and ne'er from mj heart. 

Shall thy image of loveliness fade or depart; 
It will linger around me where'er I maj roam. 

And siiiL r of th«— ever, my childhood's fair liome. 



T love thy green meadows, thy soft sloping hills, 
The birds of thy wild-woods, the songs of thy rills ; 
The fields of rich harvest, which round thee unfold, 
Thy sweet scented flowers of purple and gold. 

And .thy mountains ! so towering, so sublimely grand ! 
Their tops touch the clouds and seem ether to span ; 
And as their peaks heavenward e'er reach as they rise, 
They point us below to a home in the skies. 

The noise of the cataract heard from thy hills, 
Is mingled with murmurs of bright sparkling rills, 
Dancing fairy-like onward in a glittering band, 
'Till their music is hushed in thy placid Richland. 

Then Richland winds gently through woodland and glade ; 
Now sparkling in sunshine, now peaceful in shade; 
When its murmurs are hushed in the bright stream that laves 
The base of the mountains with white-crested waves. 

There may be bright spots on this wide spreading earth, 
Fairer and brighter than the place of my birth, 
But oh! there is none over land over sea, 
More dear to my heart — like Haywood to me. 

There is none to lie found that with me e'er can vie 
With this fairy-like home, 'neath heaven's blue eye. 
Where the sons ever brave and the daughters e'er fair, 
Live in peace and contentment, without sorrow or care- 

Tho' the iron-horse may ne'er through thy wildmountainsrun. 
Could it make thee more dear to the heart of a son? 
No ! no ! — though not gilded by sciences and arts, 
Vet nature hath made thee as dear to our hearts. 

Then talk not to me of Italia 's blue sky, 
The wealth of the Indies, where bright diamonds lie; 
They would prove to me ever a sad, worthless dome, 
For my heart would be sighing for Haywood my home. 



Altitude 5050 feet 

2800 Feet Higher Than Asheville 

Midst Scenery Grand and Beautiful beyond Description. 

CLIMATE— More agreeable than at lower altitudes, above the 
valley chill and fog, and frequently above the clouds. 

WATER— Pure Freestone, unexcelled at any other resort in 
this country. 

HOTEL— Modern, Clean and Cozy, overlooking Waynes- 
ville 3 miles distant. An ideal spot for rest and re- 
cuperation, and freedom from Hay Fever. 

Eagles Nest Post Office or Waynesville, N. C.